JUSTICE SOCIETY OF AMERICA
Justice Society Fanfare + Ephemera
» SEE ALSO: Collectibles
The parodies covered in this section are primarily from publishers other than DC.
» SEE ALSO: JSA Elseworlds
The Allied Supermen of America were an archetypal JLA/JSA-knockoff. They were created by Alan Moore during his stint on Rob Leifeld's Supreme. Read all about them...
» SEE: JLA Parodies
In 1997, DC and Marvel co-published comics under the banner of Amalgam. In these books, individual characters from both universes are merged into one new character. The All-Star Winners Squad appeared only in theSuper-Soldier: Man of War one-shot.
|Amalgam Hero =||DC Hero + Marvel Hero|
|American Belle||Liberty Belle||Miss America|
|Human Lantern||Green Lantern||Human Torch|
|"Brookyn" Barnes (mascot)||Dan "Terrible" Turpin||Bucky|
There was another Golden Age Amalgam group called the Young Commandos (Boy Commandos + Young Allies). They were led by "Brooklyn" Barnes and appeared in Spider-Boy #1.
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Super-Soldier: Man of War #1 (June 1997)
Created by E. Nelson Bridwell and Joe Orlando
The Freedom Brigade appeared only twice. In the first story, they coaxed their offspring to band together as the "Inferior Five." In the second, they served as teachers at Dean Egghead's Academy for Superheroes (a parody of Marvel Comics' Professor X and the X-Men).
Please read their complete profile ...
» SEE: Inferior Five
» FEATURED APPEARANCES: Showcase #62, 65 (1966)
The Invaders (Marvel Comics)
Created by Roy Thomas and Sal Buscema
The Invaders were a Silver Age creation, and not parodies per se. Its members were not based upon DC's Justice Society, but Roy Thomas is a legendary JSA fan, and he created the Invaders by assembling heroes who'd been published ? but not teamed ? during the 1940s (by Marvel's predecessor, Timely). Thomas would later use this same approach to expand upon DC's wartime characters, in All-Star Squadron.
Their original membership included: Captain America and Bucky, the Human Torch and Toro, and Namor the Sub-Mariner. Later, in their own series, they added more members: Union Jack, Spitfire, Miss America, Whizzer, Blazing Skull and Silver Scorpion.
» FIRST APPEARANCE: The Avengers v.1, #71 (Dec. 1969)
- The Invaders, 41 issues (1975–79)
- New Invaders, 10 issues (2004–05)
- Avengers/Invaders, 12-issue limited series (2008–09)
» SEE: Wikipedia: Invaders
The Knights of Justice were unquestionably inspired by the JSA. Big Bang Comics specializes in printing nostalgic comics and many of their characters are based on DC and Golden Age archetypes. The Knights hailed from Earth B, while their younger successors, the Round Table of America (based on the Justice League), were from Earth A.
Major characters include:
- Ultiman (Superman)
- Dr. Weird (Spectre)
- The Blitz: Mack Snelling (Flash)
- Beacon: Scott Martin (Green Lantern)
- Venus (Wonder Woman)
- Knight Watchman (Batman)
- Thunder Girl (Supergirl/Mary Marvel)
- Masker (Black Canary).
Both teams first appeared in Big Bang Comics v.1 #3 (Caliber Press) and their origin can be found in Big Bang Comics v.2 #4 (Sept. 1996). #24 and 26 are a staggeringly detailed mockery called "History of Big Bang Comics" that tells about these characters' faux publishing histories. The Knights were said to have originally appeared in the Golden Age "World Class Comics." In the 1960s, the Knights of Earth-B disbanded and a new group called the National Guardians was formed.
Big Bang #32 featured a story on the soon-to-be-released "Knights of Justice" television show. Real life models were posed for group pictures as Ultiman, Knight Watchman, Thunder Girl and Masker (Black Canary).
Other features of the groups included Big Bang Comics v.2 #6, 12, 14, 24, 32, 33 and 35.
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Big Bang Comics v.1 #3 (Caliber Press, October 1994)
Liberty Squadron (Black Hammer universe)
In Jeff Lemire's "Black Hammer" universe (published by Dark Horse Comics), ther was a wartime group of heroes called the Liberty Squadron. In 1942 they met in Spiral City to decide whether to enter into the European theater of war. Their number included (the first two of which also star in other Black Hammer series):
- Abraham Slam (strongman)
- Golden Gail (a Mary Marvel analog)
- Captain Night (Dr. Mid-Nite/Batman)
- Doctor Day (married to Captain Night)
- Doctor Star (similar to Starman)
- The Horseless Rider (like the Spectre plus the Vigilante)
- Wingman (Hawkman)
- Abraham and Gail: Black Hammer #1 (July 2016)
- Doctor Star: Black Hammer #4 (Oct. 2016)
- The Liberty Squadron: Doctor Star and the Kingdom of Lost Tomorrows #1 (Mar. 2018)
Justice League Animated Series
In Justice League Season 1, Episodes 16–17 (21 and 28 April 2002), the Justice League met a group of five heroes called the Justice Guild of America when they were accidentally transported to a parallel world. These people were familiar to the JLA — as comic book characters on the Justice League's world. Note: The episode is dedicated to Gardner Fox, a Golden Age writer who co-created both the Justice Society and the Justice League, upon whom the Guild are based.
Their members were very closely modeled on JSA members:
- Black Siren (Black Canary)
- Catman (Wildcat)
- Green Guardsman (Green Lantern)
- The Streak (Flash)
- Tom Turbine (the Atom)
They also fought villains who resembled those from the Injustice Society:
- Sir Swami (Wizard)
- The Music Master (Fiddler)
- Dr. Blizzard (Icicle)
- Sportsman (Sportsmaster)
In the end, the JLA learns that the entire reality was a fabrication made by the illusion powers of the JGA's mascot, Ray Thompson (similar to Snapper Carr). At one time, there had been a JGA, but they died battling a global catastrophe. The JLA frees that world's survivors from the illusion and returns home, leaving them to rebuild.
Justice League Unlimited
After two seasons the cartoon changed its name to add "Unlimited" and the League's membership was opened to dozens more heroes. Many members of the JSA became members of the expanded group. Some episodes featuring JSA characters:
Justice League Unlimited Season 1 (2004–05)
- Episode 1 ("Initiation," 31 July 2004). The League expands their operations, enlisting new recruits across the globe. JSA characters in attendance include: Atom-Smasher, Crimson Avenger, Dr. Fate, Dr. Mid-Nite, Hourman, Johnny Thunder and Thunderbolt, Huntress, Mister Terrific, Obsidian, Sandy, Stargirl, Shining Knight, S.T.R.I.P.E., Vigilante, and Wildcat.
- Episode 6 ("Fearful Symmetry," 4 Sept. 2004). Supergirl meets her clone, Galatea, whose look is styled on Power Girl.
- Episode 8 ("The Return," 18 Sept. 2004). Dr. Fate helps the Atom against Professor Ivo and Amazo.
- Episode 11 ("Wake the Dead," 18 Dec. 2004). Dr. Fate, Aquaman, and Hawkgirl versus Solomon Grundy.
Justice League Unlimited Season 2 (2005)
- Episode 1 ("The Cat and the Canary," 5 Feb. 2005). Black Canary saves her mentor, Wildcat from an underground fight club.
Justice League Unlimited Season 3 (2005–06)
- Episode 2 ("Shadow of the Hawk," 17 Sept. 2005). Hawkgirl meets Carter Hall, an archaeologist who has discovered Thanagarian artifacts from ancient Egypt.
- Episode 3 ("Chaos at the Earth's Core," 24 Sept. 2005). Supergirl, Stargirl, S.T.R.I.P.E., and Green Lantern help the Warlord liberate the hidden land of Skartaris.
- Episode 7 ("Patriot Act," 25 Feb. 2006) featured a new grouping of heroes that mirrored the original Seven Soldiers of Victory. With the most powerful League members busy, Green Arrow leads Stargirl, S.T.R.I.P.E., Shining Knight, Crimson Avenger, Vigilante, and Speedy against General Wade Eiling, who had transformed from ingesting a super-soldier serum. The episode also features a cameo by a group of street urchins who resemble the Newsboy Legion. The introduction features a Spy Smasher tale from World War II.
- Episode 9 ("Grudge Match," 11 March 2006). Roulette is the villain.
- Episode 11 ("Ancient History," 8 Feb. 2006). Hawkgirl and Hawkman relive past lives.
The Justice Society on Smallville
Smallville, 10 seasons (2001–2011)
Smallville Season 9, Episode 11: "Absolute Justice" (5 February 2010)
CLICK TO VIEW SLIDESHOW:
This episode, written by Geoff Johns, was a 2-hour movie. Sylvester Pemberton—also known as Star-Spangled Kid—is killed by the Icicle, leading Chloe Sullivan and Clark Kent to investigate. They discover the secret history of the Justice Society of America, which was led by Hawkman. The JSA has been monitoring Clark and his super-hero friends. Dr. Fate, Sandman, and Stargirl (Sylvester's apprentice) join in to find the Icicle. Afterwards, Hawkman and Stargirl decide to seek out the remaining JSA members and their children, to help organize a new generation of superheroes.
Smallville Season 10, Episode 11: "Icarus" (10 December 2010)
CLICK TO VIEW SLIDESHOW:
Carter Hall and Courtney Whitmore attend the surprise engagement party for Clark and Lois. The heroes come under attack by government officials (led by General Slade), whose Project Icarus is determined to bring in the "vigilantes." Carter Hall rescues Lois from Slade but takes a sword through his middle. The heroes bury Carter in Egypt, but they are knocked unconscious by an unknown object that emerges from Carter's burial chamber.
JSA ROLL CALL, SMALLVILLE:
- Doctor Fate (Brent Stait), deceased: Worked with Hawkman and Stargirl in bringing Icicle ll down only to be killed by him to save John Jones' life. Mentioned his deceased wife, Inza.
- Hawkman (Michael Shanks), deceased: Leader of the team and Hawkgirl's husband.
- Sandman (Ken Lawson III), deceased: Was killed by Icicle II after having a vision of the Star-Spangled Kid's death.
- Stargirl (Britt Irvin): Pat Dugan's stepdaughter and the Star-Spangled Kid's protege.
- Star-Spangled Kid (Jim Shield), deceased: Fought Icicle II, and was killed by him after asking Chloe Sullivan for the Justice League's help.
Heroes with live cameos:
- The Atom (Glenn Hoffman): Status unknown. Dr. Fate said, "the Atom split."
- The Flash (Billy Mitchell): Hawkman and Stargirl went looking for him. He started a school for gifted children in San Francisco.
- Green Lantern (Doug Pinton): Hawkman and Stargirl went looking for him.
- Red Tornado (Deborah Cole): Was arrested and released with the rest of the Society. Works in the brownstone.
- Wildcat (Roger Haskett): Hawkman and Stargirl went looking for him.
Appearing in the JSA portrait:
- Black Canary
- Doctor Mid-Nite
- Hawkgirl, deceased: Hawkman's wife; mentioned as having died in a battle against the original Icicle.
- Hourman: Dr. Fate said, "the clock stopped ticking for Hourman."
- Mister Terrific: Dr. Fate said he wasn't so "terrific" anymore.
- Stripesy: Mentioned as having been sidekick to the Star-Spangled Kid and step-father of Stargirl.
Smallville Season 11 (Comic Book)
In the comic book continuation of Smallville, there have been three Justice Society related story lines. Jay Garrick has made a return appearance, and the concept of Earth Two was introduced. Another major story features Director Bones of the D.E.O., Wonder Woman, and Hippolyta. Here however, Earth Two is combined with the concept of Earth Three, where Clark is the evil Ultraman. NOTE: The issue numbers hereunder are those of the digital issues, not the collected print issues.
Smallville's Earth Two
Their first contact with someone from Earth Two was in Smallville, where Oliver Queen and Chloe Sullivan Queen were investigating the crash of an unknown ship. It bore Queen's name and the pilot inside stood revealed as Chloe's own doppleganger from Earth Two. "Chloe Two" had run from an unrevealed pursuer who delivered a fatal blow to her. This Chloe warned Oliver that Earth Two was now gone. (Smallville Season 11 #11) Chloe Two soon died at the hospital after warning of a coming "Crisis." (#12) Just before Chloe Two's death, her killer—a "Monitor"—said that anti-matter separated the universes. The Monitors maintain order. (#39)
Six years prior on Earth 2, Ultraman (Clark) began hunting down and killing super-powered people. (#33) Several years later, Oliver Queen, Chloe Sullivan and Lois Lane became the leaders of a resistance. Both Chloe and Oliver were adept archers, and they planned to take down Ultraman using meteor rock (kryptonite). (#34) When they were ready, Queen held a press conference to publicly decry Ultraman. He gave kryptonite to the public for their own defense, and exposed Ultraman as Clark Luthor. As planned, Ultraman appeared and snapped Oliver's neck. Chloe was poised to kill Ultraman with a kryptonite bullet, but its uncertain if she succeeded. (#38)
Oliver worked with Emil Hamilton at S.T.A.R. Labs to try to retrieve information from Chloe Two or her ship. (#16) They used the cryo-technology of Victor Fries to preserve Chloe Two's body and devised a way to implant her memories into "their" Chloe. (#31) They succeeded and Chloe warned Clark about the Monitors (#40)
Haunted by the Speed Force
When Clark met up again with his friend Bart Allen (Impulse), Bart was being plagued by an entity that was manifested by the Speed Force. (#26) After stopping a robbery in Paris by the Brain and Mallah, narrowly escaped this Black Racer. (#27) Superman's speed powers were insufficient to draw out the Racer, who claimed that his speed was "not pure." (#30)
Superman decided to track down the original speedster, the Justice Society's Flash, Jay Garrick. He and Impulse accessed the abandoned JSA headquarters (allowed in by Mrs. Hunkle). (#31)
They found Jay living in deserted isolation. Garrick knew of Bart; it seems Bart had once stolen Jay's identity (as well as that of Wally West and Barry Allen). When the feds had originally rounded up the JSA, they broke Jay's leg and he chose not fix it properly. He too feared that the Speed Force would lead him into the Black Racer's embrace. He warned that the Racer could only be satiated by Bart's death. (#33)
Superman tried to avoid this fate by having Emil Hamilton make a speed suit. Wearing it, Superman caught the attention of the Racer, but it wasn't enough. Bart chose to step in and began collecting speed energy. (#34, 35, 38) NOTE: Jay also knew of other speedsters—Max Mercury, Barry, and Wally. (#35)
Bart apparently sacrificed his life to stop the Black Racer. He disappeared in the resulting explosion. Jay returned with Superman to the JSA's brownstone and installed a memorial to Bart there. (#39)
Later when Clark was in the 31st century, her ran into a young Bart Allen, running from his mother. (#53)
Jay started a special school for "gifted" youngsters in San Francisco. Superman's protege Conner went there. (#57)
Director Bones and the D.E.O.
In the Smallville universe, the Department of Extranormal Operations (DEO) has roots in World War II. Its Director Bones was part of an elite anti-occult unit during the war called Shadowpact. A photo of them showed Director Bones alongside John Zatara and Felix Faust, among others. Bones left the Shadowpact after its first mission. (#61) The group found an artifact linked to the god Hades, who made an offer to them in exchange for extended life. Faust accepted but Bones did not, and was punished. His skin was stripped away and he now requires weekly applications of makeup to cover his skeletal form. (#64)
Their story intersects with that of the Amazons. Hippolyta the Amazon queen was instrumental in containing Hades. The queen had aided Zeus in keeping Hades at bay and she was rewarded with an island for the Amazons to call home. (#65)
But Hippolyta had come to America for a different reason—to return the boy Steve Trevor to his home. Trevor's family died in an accident near the Amazon island of Themyscira. They were buried there and the boy befriended the queen's daughter, Diana. (#56, 58) Hippolyta never returned; she was somehow imprisoned by Bones within the DEO's "Black Room." When Diana was old enough, she built a flying machine to carry her towards "man's world." (#60) Hippolyta raised Steve until her disappearance. When he was old enough he entered the service of the DEO. (#61)
Naturally, Diana eventually crossed paths with Superman, who helped her infiltrate the DEO's headquarters in search of Hippolyta. Felix Faust trailed them, too. He knew that Hippolyta held the mystical key that could release Hades once more. (#58-65) Faust snatched the Eye of Ares from Hippolyta's tiara and unleashed Hades. (#65)
Diana didn't hesitate to don her mother's warrior's regalia (#66) and joined Superman in putting down Hades' plot. Superman essentially overpowered the god and hurtled him back down through to Earth. (#68)
The President dubbed Diana Wonder Woman, and she agreed to remain in America as the Amazons' ambassador. Gen. Lane escorted Hippolyta to an untraceable "invisible" plane to take her home. Diana adopted a new identity, becoming Agent Prince, a DEO agent serving under Steve. (#69)
The Justice Society on DC's Legends of Tomorrow
DC's Legends of Tomorrow, ongoing (2016–)
In Legends of Tomorrow, a team of heroes travels throughout time with the help of Rip Hunter. Naturally they would eventually encounter the JSA, right?
- Season 2, Episode 1, "Out of Time" (13 October 2016).
In 2016, historian Nate Heywood teams up with Heatwave to take the Waverider ship back to 1942 to prevent the Nazis from making a nuclear bomb, where they are confronted by the Justice Society of America (Commander Steel, Dr. Mid-Nite, Stargirl).
- Season 2, Episode 2, "The Justice Society of America" (20 October 2016).
The Justice Society captures the Legends, believing them to be Nazi spies. Nate meets his own grandfather, Commander Steel. The fight with Baron Krieger and Eobard Thawne ends in Hourman's death. Also appearing: Dr. Mid-Nite, Stargirl, Obsidian, and Vixen.