Part 4: Young All-Stars (1942–45)

Sequence of Events Issue (Date)
26 April 1942: In Colorado, TNT is killed in a car, chasing after Nazi sympathizers. Dyna-Mite is rescued by Arnold "Iron" Munro, but Gudra the Valkyrie claims TNT's soul. Afterward, Gudra rejoins Axis Amerika: Ubermensch, Der Grosshorn Eule, Fledermaus, Usil, and Sea Wolf. Helena Kosmatos has a terrifying dream of Mekanique destroying the All-Star Squadron and learns that Libby Lawrence and Johnny Chambers are Liberty Belle and Johnny Quick. first appereance of the Flying Fox. NOTES: Helena's nightmare came true in Young All-Stars Annual #1 (1988). Gudra was one of the Valkyries the Justice Society fought in their first mission. The rest of Axis Amerika bears a strong resemblance to both the Golden Age heroes and the Crime Syndicate (excised by the Crisis). Young All-Stars #1 (June 1987)
April 26-27, 1942: Neptune Perkins and Tsunami ask Green Lantern to use the All-Star Squadron's influence to end the imprisonment of Japanese Americans. The All-Star Squadron is attacked by Axis Amerika. Young All-Stars #2 (July 1987)
April 27-30, 1942: With the help of Flying Fox, Fury, Iron Munro, Neptune Perkins and Tsunami, the All-Star Squadron defeats Axis Amerika. Two nights later, at the request of President Roosevelt, the Flying Fox, Fury, Iron Munro, Neptune Perkins and Tsunami are named provisional members of the All-Star Squadron and sent with Dyna-Mite and Sandy the Golden Boy on a cross-country war bond tour. Tsunami asks FDR to release the interned Japanese Americans; he promises to consider it. Young All-Stars #3 (Aug. 1987)
April 28, 1942: In his regular "fireside chat" radio address, FDR announces that rationing of essential materials and goods will soon be implemented.
May 1, 1942: Tsunami's presence sparks a riot at a bond rally in Los Angeles. Tsunami elects to join her family in an internment camp. Young All-Stars #4 (Sept. 1987)
Trying to relax and have a little fun in Los Angeles, the Young All-Stars are attacked by Axis Amerika and Kamikaze. Young All-Stars #5 (Oct. 1987)
Tsunami rejoins the Young All-Stars and Axis Amerika is defeated by Fury, who once again becomes Tisiphone, destroying the Nazis' airship and killing Fledermaus. The All-Stars return to New York for a celebrity baseball game. First appearance of the Tigress II (Paula Brooks). NOTE: The first Tigress was a foe of Zatara. Young All-Stars #6 (Nov. 1987)
In Yankee Stadium, the Young All-Stars challenge the All-Star Squadron in a celebrity baseball game to benefit a scrap metal drive. Young All-Stars #7 (Dec. 1987)
Millennium: The Grandmaster of the Manhunters convinces Manhunter I (Dan Richards) and Manhunter II (Paul Kirk) that Green Lantern is an Axis collaborator. Green Lantern's power ring causes him to behave erratically as a result of the Millennium Project 50 years in future. NOTES: First modern appearance of Hop Harrigan, an aviator hero who first appeared in All-American Comics #1 (1939). Young All-Stars #8 (Jan. 1988)
Millennium: Manhunter II, Fury, Iron Munro, Neptune Perkins and the Tigress help Green Lantern defeat Baron Blitzkrieg. Green Lantern's power ring reveals that he has saved the lives of the parents of three of the Millennium Project's Chosen. Manhunter II sponsors the Tigress for membership in the Young All-Stars and Iron Munro receives a mysterious diary written by Hugo Danner, his father. Young All-Stars #9 (Feb. 1988)
Arn Munro reads his father's (Hugo Danner's) diary and learns of his troubled life as one of the 20th century's first superhumans. NOTES: The events described in the diary were adapted from Philip Wylie's 1930 novel The Gladiator, one of the primary inspirations for Superman. Young All-Stars #10 (Mar. 1988)
Arn Munro recalls his own childhood. Young All-Stars #11 (Apr. 1988)
Robotman takes the Young All-Stars to Project M, where they discover that Miss America is still alive (albeit comatose). With the help of Per Degaton, Deathbolt invades Project M and transfers the Ultra-Humanite's brain into the body of a Tyrannosaurus Rex. In the ensuing battle, Fury once again becomes Tisiphone. NOTES: The T-Rex is from the Isle That Time Forgot, which first appeared in Star-Spangled War Stories #90 (1960). Project M was also behind the creation of the Creature Commandos (Weird War Tales #93, 11.80). Young All-Stars #12 (May 1988)
Tisiphone slays Ultra-Humanite's dinosaur body; Ultra's fate is unknown. The Young All-Stars capture Deathbolt, but Iron Munro is badly wounded by Tisiphone. Young All-Stars #13 (June 1988)
Miss America awakens from her coma. Tisiphone is reclaimed by her sisters, freeing Fury from her control. Mekanique and Per Degaton hatch a plan for the conquest of past and future. Young All-Stars #14 (July 1988)
Late May 1942: Miss America joins the JSA as the group's secretary. The All-Star Squadron is attacked by Per Degaton and Mekanique. Fury's nightmare of Mekanique crushing the All-Stars nearly comes true before Mekanique is defeated by the Young All-Stars. NOTES: Includes a "Private Lives" backup story starring Danny Dunbar (Dyna-Mite). Mekanique and Degaton's fate in the modern era is revealed in Infinity Inc. Annual #2. Miss America's status with the JSA is unclear in current Earth-0 continuity. Young All-Stars Annual #1 (1988)
Iron Munro and Helena Kosmatos earn their high school diplomas. They nearly give in to their mutual attraction before Arn learns from Charles McNider (Doctor Mid-Nite) that he has a venereal disease. Young All-Stars #15 (Aug. 1988)
May 31, 1942. Part 1: Seeking the power of "Vril," Col. Streicher and Doctor Thule of the Nazi Black Order invade the arctic city of Leviathan, a colony of the alien Dzyan race. The Dzyan Kalla enlists the help of Neptune Perkins, who learns that his grandfather, Arthur Gordon Pym, has connections to the Dzyan. NOTES: Parts of this story were adapted from Edgar Allen Poe's 1838 novella "Narrative of A. Gordon Pym" and Jules Verne's 1870 novel 20,000 Leagues Under the Sea. The letter column lists the ages of the Young All-Stars: Neptune is 20; Tsunami and Fox, 19; Arn, 18; Fury, 17; Dyna-Mite, 14. Young All-Stars #16 (Sept. 1988)
Part 2: Neptune learns that his parents were murdered by the Black Order. Young All-Stars #17 (Oct. 1988)
June 1, 1942. Part 3: Doctor Thule claims the power of the Vril, and the Black Order captures Neptune Perkins. The Young All-Stars come to his rescue and Kalla meets Victor Frankenstein II. Young All-Stars #18 (Nov. 1988)
June 1, 1942. Part 4: The Dzyan depart Leviathan. Thule is destroyed. Neptune's grandfather dies. Young All-Stars #19 (Dec. 1988)
June 4, 1942: Fury encounters the Eumenides (the Three Furies), who allow her to retain her powers (which now come from all three sisters) as long as she remains a virgin. The Flying Fox explains his origin. Young All-Stars #20 (Winter 1988)
June 4-6, 1942: A massive battle between the American and Japanese fleets near the island of Midway sinks four Japanese aircraft carriers, the first major American naval victory in the war in the Pacific.
June 10, 1942: After preventing the kidnapping of Albert Einstein in Chicago, Fury stops Baron Blitzkrieg and Sumo from stealing a prototype nuclear reactor. Young All-Stars #21 (Holiday 1988)
Part 2: The Young All-Stars join forces with the Allies (Fireball, Kuei, Phantasmo and the Squire) to battle Axis Amerika, Kamikaze, Baron Blitzkrieg and Sumo. NOTES: First chronological app. of Squire; his first appearance was as an adult in Batman #62 (1950-1951). In that story, he called himself the Knight; his young son Cyril was the Squire. Young All-Stars #22 (Jan. 1989)
June 11, 1942. Part 3: The Tigress dies in a fall during a battle with Axis Amerika. Young All-Stars #23 (Mar. 1989)
Part 4: Axis Amerika captures Iron Munro and Albert Einstein. Young All-Stars #24 (Apr. 1989)
Part 5: Gudra makes a bargain with Arn to spare Übermensch's life: she restores the Tigress to life, but warns that the journey back from death "leaves no one untouched." Axis Amerika escapes. Young All-Stars #25 (May 1989)
The Young All-Stars disband and Arn sets out to find his father. Tigress finds that her soul has been corrupted by her brush with death. She alludes to her future name, the Huntress. NOTES: The letters column states definitively that she will become the Huntress. They didn't use that name in Young All-Stars because of the new post-Crisis Huntress' debut. Young All-Stars #26 (June 1989)
Fury documents the activities of the All-Star Squadron, Seven Soldiers of Victory, Freedom Fighters, Young All-Stars and the JSA. She strikes up a tentative friendship with Miss America, who acts as the recording secretary at a JSA meeting. The Squire teams up with the Seven Soldiers and comments that maybe someday his son will succeed him as the Squire. Mister America passes his spy training and becomes the Americommando. He parachutes into Nazi Germany to carry out undercover operations as a German officer, "Otto Riker." Plastic Man is described as the liaison between the All-Stars and the Freedom Fighters. Commander Steel also heads to Europe. NOTES: Secret Origins #29 places the Americommando's debut in July, not June; his last Golden Age appearance was in Action #74 (Aug. 1944). Doctor Fate mentions that because he and the Spectre are currently at a low ebb in their magical power, a special spell will enable them to enter occupied Europe without being affected by the Sphere of Influence. Fury recaps the events of Action #52-53, All-American Comics #43, Adventure Comics #79, Detective Comics #68, Flash #34, More Fun Comics #84, Sensation Comics #11, Star-Spangled #13 and All-Star #14. Young All-Stars #27 (July 1989), Action Comics #52 (Sept. 1942), Secret Origins #29 (Aug. 1988)
"Food for Starving Patriots": The Justice Society of America delivers much-needed food to the Allied nations of Europe. NOTES: As revealed in Young All-Stars #27, Doctor Fate and the Spectre were able to create a spell to temporarily resist the effects of the Sphere of Influence. All-Star Comics #14 (Dec. 1942–Jan. 1943)
June 1942: Part 1: Arn returns to Project M and demands to know the location of Dinosaur Island. There he meets Georgia Challenger, who accompanies him instead to Maple White Land in South America. They do find Hugo Danner and his "offspring," the Sons of Dawn. NOTES: Maple White Land first appeared in Arthur Conan Doyle's 1912 novel The Lost World. Georgia Challenger is the granddaughter of that novel's hero, Doctor Edward Challenger. Young All-Stars #28 (Aug. 1989)
Part 2: Iron Munro learns of his father's activities since his purported death. Danner used his father's formula to bestow powers on the Sons of Dawn. Übermensch's creators had also stolen that formula. Young All-Stars #29 (Sept. 1989)
Part 3: Iron Munro squares off against Hugo Danner as the Sons of Dawn attack a Brazilian city. NOTES: Miss America is mistakenly drawn as Phantom Lady in this issue. Young All-Stars #30 (Oct. 1989)
Part 4: The JSA, All-Star Squadron and Young All-Stars defeat the Sons of Dawn. Liberty Belle dissolves the Young All-Stars and grants its members full membership in the All-Star Squadron. NOTES: This was the final issue of Young All-Stars. Young All-Stars #31 (Nov. 1989)
At a gala dinner honoring costumed heroes, the JSA members discuss the class divisions within their own ranks. Golden Age Secret Files #1 (Feb. 2001)
June 27, 1942: During a joint address by Roosevelt and Churchill in Washington, D.C., Firebrand and the Shining Knight have an intimate moment while Doctor Fate and Green Lantern battle Thor and devise a way to strike at Hitler without entering the Sphere of Influence. NOTES: The Thor in this story is not the same as "Fairytales" Fenton (who appeared in Adventure Comics #75 and All-Star Squadron #18) or the genuine thunder god who appeared in Sandman and War of the Gods. Doctor Fate is incorrectly depicted with the Helm of Nabu in this story. He did not recover the helmet until late 1944 or early 1945. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
Denied his revenge on the Flash in the modern era, an older Fiddler travels back in time and attempts to kill the Flash in the 1940s. He is pursued by Katar Hol (Hawkman III) and Shayera Thal (Hawkwoman), who disguise themselves as the original Hawkman and Hawkgirl. The older Fiddler is apparently killed. Katar and Shayera discover that Carter Hall's friend Perry Carter is from Thanagar and that he helped Carter Hall develop his anti-gravity harness. Katar later realizes that "Perry Carter" was Paran Katar, his father. NOTES: The text gives no indication of the date of the 1940s portion of this story, except that it was during the war and before the Flash's first clash with the Fiddler. Carter Hall's use of the metal later inspires Paran Katar to form the winged policeman on Thanagar. Hawkworld Annual #1 (1991)
The Fiddler escapes from prison and captures the Flash. NOTE: This was the Flash's first encounter with the Fiddler. Speed Force Special #1 (Nov. 1997)
Jay Garrick and Hippolyta (Wonder Woman's mother) travel back in time from the modern era and help Jay's past self escape the Fiddler. Afterwards, they clash with the JSA. NOTES: When originally published, Hippolyta was using the name "Wonder Woman." In 2010, Editor Dan DiDio declared that Hippolyta was no longer the original Wonder Woman of World War II. In Batman: Streets of Gotham #20 (Apr. 2011), Hippolyta appears with the JSA, but in her Amazon garb, not dressed as Wonder Woman. This chronology will assumes that Hippolyta still succeeded her daughter and took part in JSA history, but not as "Wonder Woman." Wonder Woman vol. 2 #130 (Feb. 1998)
While Hippolyta and Jay Garrick confer with the JSA, Johnny Thunder is attacked by Paula Von Gunther, who steals his Thunderbolt. NOTES: The Flash and Green Lantern are depicted as JSA members; technically, they were honorary members at this time. Wonder Woman vol. 2 #131 (Mar. 1998)
In Germany, Paula Von Gunther is possessed by the Dark Angel when she attempts to use Johnny's Thunderbolt. The Dark Angel temporarily removes the Sphere of Influence, luring the JSA to Europe and capturing them. Wonder Woman vol. 2 #132 (Apr. 1998)
The JSA outwits the Dark Angel, but she manages to escape. Jay Garrick returns to his own time; Hippolyta elects to remain in 1942. NOTE: This issue restores Wonder Woman to most Golden Age adventures between 1942 and 1950 (minus Steve Trevor and Giganta). Wonder Woman vol. 2 #133 (May 1998)
Hippolyta joins the JSA . NOTE: The tale of the JSA's offer of membership to Hippolyta is yet untold. *
Hippolyta meets nurse Diana Prince, who becomes her roommate in Washington D.C. through the war. Wonder Woman: Our Worlds at War (Oct. 2001)
Hippolyta meets the Fury, becoming her mentor. Fury later names her daughter Hippolyta, in her honor. Legends of the DCU #31 (Aug. 2000)
A prophetic dream leads the Sandman to save Hawkman and Wonder Woman from death at the hands of Kali Gari, an Indian "dream assassin" who has allied herself with the Nazis. NOTE: The Sandman is shown wearing his original costume in this story. He was usually shown to wear his purple-and-gold costume by this time. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
Sept. 1942: The U.S. launches the Manhattan Project, a top-secret project to develop an atomic bomb.
After the JSA stops a group of Japanese scientists from carrying out horrific human experiments, Starman has to persuade the enraged Spectre not to wipe out all humanity. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
Flash battles the Shade (first appereance in print). Flash Comics vol. 1 #33 (Sept. 1942)
Sept. 15, 1942: Soviet troops surround the German army, beginning the Battle of Stalingrad.
Winter 1942: Hitler gives an occult object marked with the triskele (the three-sided swatstika) to a General Von Raddel. 200 men are branded with this mark, which makes them "immortal" (zombies). In July 13, 1943:, Von Raddel is shot in the head by a Russian soldier, which incapacitates him for 50 years until a neo-Nazi named Bergen shows him a swatstika. Near the turn of the century, these two raise a zombie Nazi army in a bid to start a Fourth Reich. The Demon, through Jason Blood, recruits the crew of the Haunted Tank, as well as the ghost of General Jeb Stuart, who formerly protected it to oppose them. The tank crew obliterate the Nazis with Etrigan's help. The Demon #46 (Apr. 1994)
Nov. 8, 1942: American forces in North Africa join the campaign against Rommel's Afrika Korps.
Kent Nelson attends medical school, using his magical abilities to accelerate his studies. He begins an internship under Doctor Emmett Roland. More Fun Comics #85 (Nov. 1942)
The Flash battles the Rag Doll. Flash Comics #36 (Dec. 1942)
When the JSA members are kidnapped, Doctor Fate's girlfriend, Inza Cramer, senses danger and enlists the other women: Hawkgirl, Hippolyta, Dian Belmont, Doris Lee, Myra Mason, Mary James, Peachy Pet, and Clarice Winston, who dress in their boyfriends' costumes to track down the Brain Wave (first appereance in print). Afterwards, he is believed dead. NOTES: Starman #69 deliberately removed Mason and James from the tale, most likely because Mason never had a relationship with Charles McNider, and James did not fall for Al Pratt until later. The story deliberately places Hawkgirl's heroic debut after this story, which contradicts the bulk of her early appearances and charter membership in the All-Star Squadron. All-Star Comics #15 (Feb./Mar. 1943), Starman vol. 2 #69 (Sept. 2000)
Several JLAers and Outsiders fight alongside Easy Company against the forces of the Pantheon. NOTE: Date based on Sgt. Rock's mention of Rommel's Afrika Corps, which the U.S . fought from Nov. 8, 1942 to May 11, 1943. World's Finest #300 (Feb. 1984)
Feb. 2, 1943: The German 6th Army surrenders at Stalingrad.
Hippolyta criticizes the sexual politics of fellow All-Star Squadron members Liberty Belle and Phantom Lady. Afterwards, the three heroines help the Red Tornado destroy a Nazi "air fortress" and are surprised to discover that Red Tornado is a woman. NOTES: Hippolyta mistakenly remarks that Johnny Quick, Liberty Belle and Phantom Lady were members of the JSA, which is incorrect; they were members of the All-Star Squadron only. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
Time and Time Again 2-3: A time-lost Superman visits the JSA's headquarters to ask for help, but is stopped by the Spectre, who sends him to Warsaw to stop a Nazi A-bomb test. NOTE: Despite being deep in Axis territory in this story, Superman is not affected by the Sphere of Influence; no explanation is provided. Action Comics #663 (Mar. 1991), Superman vol. 2 #54 (Apr. 1991)
Hourman defeats a gang of crooks committing crimes based on nursery rhymes. NOTE: This was Hourman's last Golden Age appearance. Adventure Comics #83 (Mar. 1943)
April 18, 1943: American fighters shoot down Admiral Yamamoto, the supreme commander of the Japanese fleet.
With the help of the Junior Justice Society, the JSA battles a group of Axis agents attempting to stir up racism and class conflict. NOTES: The Junior Justice Society of America was the official JSA fan club, first announced in All-Star Comics #14 (1942). All-Star Comics #16 (Apr./May 1943)
Jim Corrigan is separated from the Spectre, allowing him to enroll in Army officer's training school. More Fun Comics #90 (May 1943)
19 April 1943?16 May 1943: The Warsaw Ghetto Uprising. Ragman fights against German troops until May 15, when the souls in the suit, fearful of death by fire, take control of Reganiewicz and force him to flee. He later emigrates to America and changes his name to Gerry Regan. He never dons the suit again (Gerry Regan aged slowly due to the magic of the Ragman suit). Ragman: Suit of Souls #1 (Dec. 2010)
May 7, 1943: The Allied campaign to retake North Africa ends with the capture of Tunis.
July 9-10, 1943: Allied forces begin Operation Husky, the invasion of Sicily.
Johnny Thunder liberates Bahdnisia from Japanese control. Flash Comics vol. 1 #42 (June 1943)
"Brain Wave Goes Berserk": The JSA has a rematch with the Brain Wave, who shrinks the male members to a height of eight inches. All-Star Comics #17 (June/July 1943)
July 25, 1943: Benito Mussolini is forced to resign as prime minister of Italy.
Hourman is forced to find a way to defeat the radium-powered 90-Minute Man without his powers after his "hour of power" expires. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
Wildcat battles the murderous Yellow Wasp. Sensation Comics #20 (Aug. 1943)
The JSA battles the King Bee. All-Star Comics #18 (Aug./Sept. 1943)
Sept. 8, 1943: Italy surrenders to the Allies. On October 13, it declares war on Germany.
Starman fights the Prairie Witch (Abigail Moorland). NOTE: The Prairie Witch was not a Golden Age villain. She bears a strong resemblance to a Quality Comics heroine, the Spider Wisow. Her name was revealed in Starman vol. 2 #68. Starman Annual #1 (1996)
Nov. 10, 1943: Starman teams with Phantom Lady for a second battle with the Prairie Witch. NOTE: The Phantom Lady and Prairie Witch's feuding mirrors the one she had Spider Widow. Starman vol. 2 #44 (July 1998)
Green Lantern meets the immortal Vandal Savage. Green Lantern vol. 1 #10 (Winter 1943)
The JSA rescues Hawkman from the Mad Maestro. All-Star Comics #19 (Winter 1943)
Doctor Fate battles "The Bashful King of Crime." NOTE: This was Doctor Fate's last Golden Age solo appearance. More Fun Comics #98 (Jan. 1944)
The JSA encounters mild-mannered businessman Jason Rogers and his evil alter ego, the Monster (first appereance in print). NOTE: Doctor Fate and the Sandman appear only briefly in this story. All-Star Comics #20 (Spring 1944)
April 1944: Mister Terrific II and Hawkgirl II arrive from the future via Black Barax's Time Cube. The original Terrific and the Freedom Fighters come to their aid. Barax seeks the the Human Bomb to activate the cube. Barax is driven away and Terrific and Hawkgirl use the Cube to find Captain Marvel — in ancient Egypt. NOTE: The Red Bee's appearance is apocryphal; he died in 1942. Barax is from Sensation Comics #28; the post-Crisis version is embellished. Sensation Comics #28 (Apr. 1944), JSA #41-42 (Dec. 2002–Jan. 2003)
Manhunter II (Paul Kirk) battles "Crusher" Crock, who will later be known as the Sportsmaster. NOTES: This confrontation has yet to be depicted in any published story. Crusher Crock first appeared in All-American Comics #85 (May 1947) and became the Sportsmaster in Green Lantern vol. 1 #28 (Oct. 1947). JSA Annual #1 (Oct. 2000)
Starman and the Demon battle a group of Nazi cultists. Starman vol. 2 #42 (May 1998)
Johnny Thunder is discharged from the Navy. Flash Comics #53 (May 1944)
June 6, 1944: D-Day: Allied troops storm the beaches of Normandy, beginning Operation Overlord, the invasion of France.
"The Man Who Relived His Life": With the aid of Professor Everson of the Time Trust, the JSA travels back in time to help a dying man named Joe Fitch undo the mistakes he made in life. NOTES: Last Golden Age appearance of Doctor Fate and the last Golden Age appearance of the Sandman with the JSA. At some time between this story and Feb. 1945 (All-Star Comics v2 #1), Doctor Fate recovered the Helm of Nabu; the circumstances remain untold. All-Star Comics #21 (Summer 1944)
Green Lantern fights the Gambler. Green Lantern vol. 1 #12 (Summer 1944)
July 18, 1944: Hideki Tojo is forced to step down as premier of Japan.
Aug. 25, 1944: Allied troops liberate Paris.
1944: In Opal City, the JSA (plus Hawkwoman and Sandy) encounter Johnny Sorrow. When Sandy's harpoon damages Sorrow's teleportation device, the villain is ripped apart and taken to the "Subtle Realms." NOTE: The Sandman is shown wearing his original costume in this story. He was usually shown to wear his purple-and-gold costume by this time. JSA #18 (Jan. 2001)
The incarnation of human conscience sends the JSA to different eras of history to demonstrate the evils of bigotry. All-Star Comics #22 (Fall 44)
While trying to rescue a kidnapped scientist from Nazi spies in Gotham City's Slaughter Swamp, Green Lantern clashes with Solmon Grundy. NOTE: This is Alan Scott's first chronological meeting with Grundy, preceding their first published clash (see next). Green Lantern: Brightest Day, Blackest Night (2002)
Green Lantern clashes with Solomon Grundy, who is running amok in Gotham City. All-American Comics #61 (Oct. 1944)
Nov. 7, 1944: FDR is reelected to a fourth term as President.
The Sandman rescues Starman from the Gambler. Starman vol. 2 #22 (Sept. 1996)
The JSA battles Charlie Halstead, Psycho Pirate, who kidnaps Hawkman's girlfriend Shiera. NOTES: This was the Spectre and Starman's final appearance in All-Star. Shiera does not appear as Hawkgirl in this story. All-Star Comics #23 (Winter 1944)
Dec. 16, 1944: The Germans begin a counteroffensive in the Ardennes, leading to the Battle of the Bulge.
Dec. 24, 1944: APOCRYPHAL: Ensign James Gordon meets Black Canary (first chronological appearance) and helps the All-Star Squadron foil German spies in Gotham City. NOTES: The appearance of Jim Gordon in this story is hard to reconcile with either pre- or post-Crisis continuity. According to World's Finest Comics #53 (1951), the Earth-2 Jim Gordon was born in 1900, and thus was unlikely to be a Navy ensign in 1944. The post-Crisis Jim Gordon did serve in the military, but is too young to have served in World War II. DC Universe Holiday Bash #2 (1998)
1944: In Chicago, the vengeful King of Tears recreates Johnny Sorrow and returns him to Earth. Sorrow slays the Scarab's Chicago hero-group, the Seven Shadows (Doctor Nowhere, Jake Justice, the Shard (a.k.a. the Luminary), Man-At-Arms, Lodestar, and the Veil) . Ultimately, the Spectre consumes the King of Tears and transforms him into tears of his own. NOTE: The names of the Shadows were revealed not in the story, but later by writer Geoff Johns: "The Seven Shadows are completely NEW or RETCON or whatever." (posted Nov. 24, 2000). The second part of this story occurs six months after the first part. JSA #18 (01 2001)
Jan. 27, 1945: The Soviet army liberates the Auschwitz extermination camp, uncovering evidence of the horrific scope of the Nazi "Final Solution."
After defeating the Fiddler, Wildcat is invited by Green Lantern to join the Justice Society. NOTE: Wildcat makes an anachronistic comment about Kid Carter, whose boxing career ended decades earlier. JSA: Classified #36-37 (May–June 2006)
Mister Terrific and Wildcat become JSA members, replacing the Spectre and Starman. Joined by the Flash and Green Lantern, the JSA helps Dick Amber to realize he has a stake in the war; he goes on to earn the Congressional Medal of Honor. NOTES: This was Mister Terrific's only Golden Age appearance with the JSA. According to All-Star Comics v2 #1, Mister Terrific and Wildcat accepted reserve membership status after this adventure. For various business reasons, this issue and All-Star #25 and #26 (and other books under the All-America imprint) did not carry the DC logo. All-Star Comics #24 (Spring 1945)
Hippolyta's daughter, Wonder Woman, accidentally arrives in the past. She discovers Queen Clea giving the Trident of Poseidon to the Nazis in exchange for a submarine. Diana disguises herself as Miss America and helps Hippolyta against Clea. first appereance of Clea's daughter, Ptra. NOTES: At this time, to Hippolyta, Diana was dead; hence the disguise. The Nazis' commander is the future Doom Patrol villain, Zahl. Wonder Woman vol. 2 #184 (Oct. 2002)
Wonder Woman reclaims the Trident of Poseidon from the Nazi villain Armageddon. After she has gone, Hippolyta deduces Diana's subterfuge. Hippolyta reveals a sexual relationship with Wildcat. Miss America is mentioned as working in New York City. NOTE: This issue incorrectly gives the date as October 1943 — far too early if Wildcat is a JSA member, as depicted. Wonder Woman vol. 2 #185 (Nov. 2002)
The Atom is briefly suspended from the JSA after his impulsive temper gets him, Doctor Mid-Nite and Wildcat into hot water. Trying to help, Doctor Mid-Nite gives him a post-hypnotic suggestion to control his temper, which causes more trouble when the JSA battles the Gambler. All-Star 80-Page Giant #1 (Sept. 1999)
The Spectre solves the mystery of "The Unsafe Safe." NOTE: This was the Spectre's last Golden Age appearance. More Fun Comics #101 (Feb. 1945)
Feb. 1945: The Stalker appears on Earth, where he defeats Doctor Fate, Doctor Occult, the Spectre and Zatara and kills Merlin and Tor. He creates seven disciples to help him destroy all life. Hourman comes out of retirement and rejoins the JSA. NOTES: Stalker first appeared in Stalker #1 (1975). Merlin, a former Quality Comics character, debuted in National Comics #1 (1941). In pre-Crisis continuity, the Spear of Destiny only affected those JSA members with magic-based powers. All-Star Comics vol. 2 #1 (Early May 1999)
Feb. 4, 1945: Churchill, Roosevelt and Stalin begin talks at Yalta.
Feb. 11, 1945: On the last day of the Yalta conference, Green Lantern and Johnny Thunder save Churchill, FDR and Stalin from one of Stalker's disciples. All-American Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
Feb. 13-14, 1945: The Allies firebomb the German city of Dresden while the Flash and Mister Terrific battle a disciple of Stalker. They encounter the Americommando, still operating undercover, who dies in an explosion. NOTES: The Flash notes that the Sphere of Influence is diminishing as the Germans lose ground. Also appearing is the Marksman (first appereance Smash #33). National Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
The Allies produce anthrax for deterrence and retaliation against Germany, if necessary, and the project (which was inaugurated by Neville Chamberlain in the mid/late 1930s and pushed forward by Churchill; the USA provide some material assistance) took place on the remote Scottish island of Gruinard. NOTES: This is referenced in the next entry's story. Gruinard was not pronounced decontaminated until 1986). The UK developed an "anthrax bomb" and by the end of 1944 the U.S. was ready to produce a half-million four pound anthrax bombs. But the Allies never had enough anthrax itself for large-scale warfare.
Feb. 17, 1945: With a little help from Hooty the owl, Doctor Mid-Nite and Hourman defeat another of Stalker's disciples in Scotland. NOTE: Hooty gains super-strength by taking a Miraclo pill, contradicting other accounts that state that the Miraclo formula only worked for Rex Tyler (and later his son Rick). Smash Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
Days prior to the marine landing at Iwo Jima, the Unknown Soldier infiltrates the island. He tricks the Japanese there into letting him broadcast a message to the U.S. Later, he gives the Marines the flag to raise. Unknown Soldier #209 (Nov. 1977)
Feb. 19, 1945: The U.S. Marines invade Iwo Jima.
Feb. 22, 1945: Hawkgirl and Hippolyta defeat another of Stalker's disciples near Iwo Jima, with a little help from Hawkgirl's cousin, "Speed" Saunders. NOTES: This story establishes Hawkgirl's relationship as Speed's cousin, and the eventual retcon of her last name from "Sanders," in Hawkman vol. 4 #1 (May 2002). Speed first appeared in Detective Comics #1 (1935). Also appearing are Hop Harrigan (first appereance All-American Comics #1) and Slam Bradley (Detective Comics #1). Sensation Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
The Atom and Starman track one of Stalker's disciples to Los Alamos, New Mexico, the site of the Manhattan Project. The Atom takes another dose of radiation while rescuing the wounded Starman. Starman is horrified by the destruction made possible by atomic energy. NOTE: This story suggests that the Atom's previous radiation exposure in Feb. 1942 (in All-Star Squadron Annual #2) somehow limited his vulnerability to subsequent exposure. Adventure Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
After Sandman and the Star-Spangled Kid are defeated by Stalker's sixth disciple in New York, Sandy the Golden Boy and Stripesy join forces to defeat him, with the help of the King. Sandman alludes to a "silicoid gun" that he has been developing. NOTES: First modern appearance of the King, who first appeared in Flash Comics #3 (1940). This story establishes that Sandman's adventures in his second costume, his partnership with Sandy, and Sandy's later fate (foreshadowed here) still occurred in post-Crisis continuity. Star-Spangled Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
While tracking Stalker's last disciple in Angola, Hawkman and Wildcat join forces with Manhunter II and the Tigress. Thrilling Comics vol. 2 #1 (May 1999)
Stalker is destroyed by the tachyons contained in the hourglass given to Hourman as a child by Hourman III. The Atom exhibits super-strength and shows his comrades a new costume he has designed. NOTE: This story bumps up the debut of the Atom's new costume, which 1st appeared in Flash Comics #98 (1948). Apparently, his metahuman powers increased gradually over time. All-Star Comics vol. 2 #2 (L5.99)
Hawkman battles the Monocle. Flash Comics #64 (Apr. 1945)
JSA: Strange Adventures
Johnny Thunder is appointed the JSA's official historian. He also tries his hand at writing pulp fiction based on the JSA's adventures. A true writer, Jack Williamson, is assigned by his editor to mentor him. A new threat, Lord Dynamo, attacks Alan Scott's Apex Broadcasting. NOTES: Placed roughly in 1945 because a newspaper refers to the Vertigo Light Brigade tale which is late 1944, and Wildcat and Mr. Terrific are active members. Dr. Occult and the Star-Spangled Kid are incorrectly depicted as members. Sandman incorrectly wears his original costume. JSA: Strange Adventures #1 (Oct. 2004)
Lord Dynamo offers his considerable scientific and cultural gifts free to humankind — in exchange for Green Lantern's power ring and Starman's cosmic rod. Johnny Thunder begins and internship at Amazing Stories magazine. He relates his origin to Jack. NOTES: A portrait of the JSA shows Doctor Occult as a member. JSA: Strange Adventures #2 (Nov. 2004)
Dynamo is enraged when the JSA decline his offer. They send a team to his castle in eastern Europe. On of his henchman tells Sandman that Dynamo turns battlefield casualties into cyborg servants. Johnny's first JSA adventure is published (ghost-written by Jack). JSA: Strange Adventures #3 (Dec. 2004)
Dynamo absorbs the Thunderbolt and kidnaps Jack, whom he hopes will write his biography. JSA: Strange Adventures #4 (Jan. 2005)
Dynamo reveals his origin: he's a teen named Erich Donnerstein. Erich was brilliant but paralyzed at a young age. He devised ways of using energy to cure his paralysis, but it grew less effective each time. He eventually became a being of energy and sought more powerful energy sources. Jack secretly alerts Johnny and the JSA that Dynamo is headed for the Hoover Dam. JSA: Strange Adventures #5 (Feb. 2005)
The JSA intercept Dynamo and Johnny frees the Thunderbolt. The Spectre disconnects Dynamo from his zeppelin, which crashes, and Dynamo sinks forgotten beneath the waters. JSA: Strange Adventures #6 (Mar. 2005)
The JSA foils a Nazi assassination attempt on FDR. Justice Society of America vol. 2 #6
April 12, 1945: FDR dies of a cerebral hemorrhage while posing for a portrait. Vice-president Harry Truman is sworn in as President.
April 15, 1945: Thirteen members of the JSA act as honor guard for FDR's funeral in Hyde Park. The heroes vow to continue the war effort until the Axis powers are defeated. NOTES: According to Last Days of the JSA, this was the last time in the forties that all of the JSA's members (to that date) were together, including Hourman, Mister Terrific and the Spectre, who had already left the team. In an alternate timeline, the Spectre appears after the burial and sends the JSA on a final raid in Berlin, where they all perish in a failed attempt to stop Hitler from destroying the world with the Spear of Destiny. That timeline was negated by the JSA's entry into the Ragnarok cycle. Last Days of the JSA (1986)
War's End
April 21, 1945: Soviet troops enter Berlin. Four days later, American and Soviet troops meet at the Elbe river, their forces now splitting Germany in two.
April 28, 1945: Enemy Ace is shot down over Dresden. Baron Von Hammer survives his injuries and retires from his war efforts. Enemy Ace: War in Heaven (2001)
Baron Von Hammer is reported dead by German authorities. Swamp Thing #82 (Jan. 1989)
April 28-29, 1945: The Unknown Soldier parachutes into Berlin and uncovers Hitler's contingency plan, "Operation: Nosferatu." Unknown Soldier #268 (Oct. 1982)
Hitler assigns his final order to an unnamed S.S. colonel to take all of Hitler's mystical artifacts, (including the now-powerless Spear of Destiny) and to retrieve the mystical "Claw of Aelkhund" and the "Rhineland Stud." Using all of the artifacts together, the colonel is supposed to create an all-powerful spell to ensure Hitler's victory. The colonel begins his two-day search. Swamp Thing #82 (Jan. 1989)
April 30, 1945: Adolf Hitler marries Eva Braun. Hitler attempts to bring about the end of the world using the Spear of Destiny. When the Spear's power fails him, he commits suicide along with his wife, Eva Braun. Their bodies are burned and never conclusively identified. The Spear of Destiny is recovered by Soviet troops. NOTE: Though this is the first post-Crisis account of Hitler's death, the following entry has been corroborated by Swamp Thing #82. Last Days of the JSA (1986)
May 1, 1945: The Unknown Soldier reports back to his superiors. Officially declared dead, his survival in the future is kept top-secret by the military from this point on. He is assigned to join Easy Company, now disguised as a medic. Swamp Thing #82 (Jan. 1989)
May 1, 1945: Hitler's death is announced by Grand Admiral Karl Donitz, who claims that the dictator died in battle with Allied soldiers. Donitz declares himself Reichsfuhrer.
Private Alexander Holland dies with his American unit in a barrage, but his deceased body is reanimated by the time-lost Swamp Thing. He is discovered to be alive by Sgt. Rock, and recruited into Easy Company. Stars and Stripes, an American newspaper is delivered to Easy Company, confirming to the soldiers that Hitler is dead. Sgt. Rock is contacted by his superiors and ordered to destroy Anton Arcane's meat packing plant. Swamp Thing #82 (Jan. 1989)
May 2, 1945: Hitler's last active German officer retreats from Berlin to Hamburg, with a chest containing Hitler's mystical collection, including the Spear of Destiny. The colonel (in possession of Hitler's artifacts) confronts Nazi General Anton Arcane, who unveils his own master plan involving the creation of his monstrous Un-Men. The Nazi officer is then slain by Arcane (who claimed responsibility for founding the Axis and starting the second World War). The Unknown Soldier recovers the Spear of Destiny and the other mystical artifacts. Arcane is defeated by the Swamp Thing and Easy Company.
Sgt. Rock receives orders to lead Easy Company directly into Berlin and possible conflict with the Russians. Rock and Bulldozer ultimately survive the war's conclusion and they are promoted to higher ranks. Rock eventually becomes a General.
May 7, 1945: Germany officially surrenders, ending the war in Europe. May 8 is celebrated as V-E (Victory in Europe) Day.
23 May 1945: Heinrich Himmler commits suicide after his capture by British authorities.
Spring 1945, Peenemünde, Germany: The JSA fails to prevent the Nazi Werner Von Braun from launching a V2 rocket into space. The rocket bears the brain of Heinrich Himmler. Von Braun is captured by Capt. Enfield of the U.S. Army and later serves in the U.S. space program. NOTE: A flashback to WWII in #30 shows Superman. JSA: Classified #29 (Oct. 2007)
The Unknown Soldier is reported dead to all troops stationed in Berlin. One American G.I. writes the Soldier's eulogy at the site of the fatal explosion. But a disguised private in his company is in fact the Unknown Soldier himself. Unknown Soldier #268 (Oct. 1982)
The JSA accompanies Allied forces in a European inspection tour. The Spectre becomes enraged when he learns of the Nazi Holocaust. After this, the Spectre becomes more distant from his former comrades. The Spectre vol. 3 #20 (July 1994)
May 25, 1945: The American Joint Chiefs of Staff approve Operation Olympic, a planned invasion of the Japanese mainland.
Hawkman encounters Neptune Perkins. Flash Comics #66 (June 1945)
The JSA helps an amnesia victim rediscover his identity and solve a 20 year-old murder mystery. NOTES: The Flash and Green Lantern returned to active membership in this story. All-Star Comics #25 (Summer 1945)
July 16, 1945: The first atomic bomb is detonated at Los Alamos, New Mexico.
1945: On his last mission in America, Kung is captured by U.S. intelligence and convinced of importance of ending the war. He returns to Japan to try to get Hirohito to surrender. A week later, the Americans bomb Hiroshima. Justice Society of America vol. 3 #27 (July 2009)
Aug. 6, 1945: The B-29 Superfortress Enola Gay drops an atomic bomb, code-named Little Boy, on the city of Hiroshima in the southern part of the Japanese mainland. 100,000 people are killed instantly.
Aug. 6, 1945: Kung dies in Hiroshima, but his spirit lingers in Limbo. Decades later, he kidnaps JSA members. The bomb also disables Axis' "Spear of Influence." The Spectre and JSA members from the 21st century arrive and reveal Kung's plot for resurrection. Kung escapes back into the future, where the Spectre apparently destroys him. Justice Society of America vol. 3 #27-28 (July–Aug. 2009)
Aug. 8, 1945: The Soviet Union declares war on Japan and moves into Manchuria and North Korea.
Aug. 9, 1945: A second atomic bomb, code-named Fat Man, is dropped on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing 70,000.
Aug. 14, 1945: The Japanese high command surrenders unconditionally.
Aug. 15, 1945: The U.S. celebrates V-J (Victory in Japan) Day, marking the end of the second world war.
Sept. 2, 1945: The formal document of Japanese surrender is signed aboard the battleship U.S.S. Missouri, officially ending World War 2.
During a battle with Azmodus, the Spectre is trapped in the form of Jim Corrigan. He does not recover for 20 years. Showcase #60 (Jan./Feb. 1966), The Spectre vol. 3 #26 (Feb. 1995)
October 9, 1945: The Flash is awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor for his efforts during the war. The Flash vol. 2 Annual #3 (1989)
The JSA stop a race of robotic creatures from Jupiter from consuming all of Earth's metal. All-Star Comics #26 (Fall 45)
Wildcat fills in for the Atom as the JSA helps a group of handicapped people, including a crippled veteran. NOTES: Wildcat is admitted as a full-time member of the JSA in this story, but this is his last Golden Age appearance with the group. This story was mentioned in the 1950 edition of the World Book Encyclopedia. All-Star Comics #27 (Winter 1945)
The Flash battles the Turtle I. All-Flash #21 (Winter 1945)
King Inferno wagers against the demon Naedon for the nine souls in his coven. The bet is over a boxing match with Ted Grant (Wildcat), who refuses Inferno's threats to throw the match. In a rage, Inferno attempts to turn Ted into a real, cat, but Zatara intervenes and as a byproduct, Wildcat magically gains the nine lives/souls. JSA #53 (Dec. 2003), JSA 80-Page Giant #1 (Dec. 2010)
1945: Sargon attempts to steal a sacred mystical parchment from the Vatican, but he is stopped by the magical members of the JSA and All-Star Squadron. NOTE: Other than Doctor Fate, Doctor Occult and Zatara, the other All-Stars are shown only in shadow. Swamp Thing #148 (Nov. 1994)
Representative J. Parnell Thomas (R-NJ) becomes the chairman of the House Un-American Activities Committee, which renews its efforts to rout out communism in America.
Dec. 7, 1945: On the 4th anniversary of Pearl Harbor, the All-Star Squadron disbands. NOTES: Mentioned only in the World at War Sourcebook for Mayfair Games' DC Heroes Role-Playing Game. World at War Sourcebook (1991)

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