The New Gods Library

Introduction to the Fourth World

From Who's Who v.1 #16 (1986); art by Jack Kirby and Greg Theakston.

The New Gods Library was originally written, edited and compiled by Sean Walsh, with special thanks to Stephen Michael Menendian. Sean has been in contact with Cosmic Teams and gave us his blessing to carry the torch!

Drastic liberties have been taken with Sean's source material; it's been refashioned into this comprehensive body of work and hammered into Cosmic Teams style, adding a tons more, and integrating it with other things written previously.

The longer articles here have been almost totally rewritten, but material on the supporting pages contains much of the original site's content.

Publishing History + Continuity in the DC Universe

What follows is a general overview of the Fourth World comics published by DC Comics. This article discusses the real world forces affecting the titles. For the detailed fictional history of the characters, begin reading the New Gods History.

In terms of DC universe continuity, the history of the Fourth World has changed several times. Generally, Jack Kirby's original tales were kept "sacred," meaning writers tried never to retcon his stories. (This does not hold true in New 52 continuity.) Certainly things were appended to his mythos. Many details have been added to the history of the Fourth World and to individual characters. In fact every major new era in DC publishing has negated something about the previous era's New Gods stories:

  • Original Kirby tales from 1970–74 remained canonical.
  • In 1977 New Gods and Mister Miracle were revived. Tales from this era flowed from Kirby's continuity but were removed from DC continuity by ...
  • Kirby's return in 1984, in which he wrote a conclusion to New Gods #11, in two new stories (New Gods v.2 #6 and The Hunger Dogs). Even these Kirby tales were also removed from continuity by …
  • The Post-Crisis era relaunches of New Gods, Mister Miracle, and Forever People. New characters were introduced during this era by J.M. DeMatteis, Jim Starlin, and Mark Evanier. This volume of New Gods was supplanted in continuity by…
  • Post-Zero Hour (New Gods v.4): Rachel Pollack and John Byrne wiped away everything post-Crisis in favor of another reboot.
  • In Final Crisis, the New Gods died.
  • In 2010 DC did a line wide relaunch dubbed the New 52. The New Gods were wholly reinvented. There is no connection to any prior continuity. However the New 52 multiverse contains parallel universes, so it is possible that the original New Gods could exist somewhere.

Proto-Gods (1967)

These 1967 sketches (8½ x 11") were first printed in black-and-white in the Jack Kirby portfolio (1971), just as New Gods launched at DC. Four of the color versions were reproduced in The Jack Kirby Collector #26 (1999).

Jack Kirby developed the concept of the New Gods in 1967 while still working for Marvel. According to the The Jack Kirby Collector #6 (July 1995), the sketches above "were inked by Don Heck and hand-colored by Jack."

The characters — Darkseid, Orion, Mister Miracle, Metron, Mantis, and Lightray — are all recognizable and were tweaked only slightly when they debuted at DC in 1971. Sean Kleefeld wrote about these concept sketches in The Jack Kirby Collector #46 (Summer 2006):

"At the time, Jack was still bitter about the New York Herald-Tribune article that appeared the year before and he squirreled away a lot of his more grand ideas for a time and a place where he might get greater creative freedom to express himself—and get the proper credit for it as well." [Ed. note: Jack felt that the newspaper article boosted Stan Lee's profile and was detrimental to his own.]

Genesis (1971–74)

The Ragnarok of Asgard. From Thor #128 (Apr./May 1967); art by Jack Kirby and Vince Colletta.
The death of the "old gods." From The New Gods #1 (1971); art by Jack Kirby and Joe Sinnott.
Kirby's experimental photo collage style of illustration. From Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen #136 (1970); art by Jack Kirby and Vince Colletta.

Jack Kirby's New Gods saga began in 1971 at DC Comics in the unlikely pages of Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen #133. Jack's assistant Steve Sherman said "He never wanted to do Jimmy Olsen in the first place." (The Kirby Collector #6, 1995) Per usual, Jack put a more positive spin on things. He told Ray Wyman between 1989–92:

"Yeah, I began working on Jimmy Olsen. In fact, I said, 'What's your magazine that is selling the least?' And he told me, 'Jimmy Olsen.' And I said, 'Alright, give me Jimmy Olsen.' And I built up Jimmy Olsen to where it became a saleable magazine." —Reprinted in Kirby Collector #46, 2006

In that first issue, Kirby also penned a full-page autobiography brimming with hopefulness for his new venture at National Periodicals. He gushed:

"… How important it is to keep the medium ever flexible and sustaining. ... This is the place to be, in order to watch the medium lock into our turbulent times and fish for the future. For that future, comics should be bigger than ever and the forerunner of newer and more stimulating trends. ... In my opinion, this kind of thinking can only be a plus for the reader. when an outfit is constantly immersed in anti-static output, it is well worth working for on this end, and earns faithful readership and friends on the other."

It started well, anyway.

His second issue featured the discreet first appearance of its primary new villain, Darkseid. The greater cosmic drama was revealed in the pages of New Gods, which focused on the adventures of Darkseid's son Orion, and set the stage for Kirby's new breed of celestials:

"There came a time when the Old Gods died! The brave died with the cunning! The noble perished, locked in battle with the unleashed evil!

"The final moment came with the fatal release of indescribable power — which tore the home of the Old Gods asunder — split it in great halves!

"In the end there were two giant molten bodies, spinning slow and barren — clean of all that had gone before — adrift in the fading sounds of cosmic thunder!" —The New Gods #1 (Mar. 1971)

Those twin worlds were Apokolips and New Genesis. This story was inspired by Jack Kirby's work at Marvel Comics, specifically his "Tales of Asgard" backups in Thor. In Thor #127–128 (Apr.–May 1966), he told the story of Ragnarok — the apocalypse of Asgard and the Norse gods. It described how Asgard would burn and new gods would arise from its ashes. The story inspired Jack to sketch a few of these "new gods," which he kept in reserve. He developed the concept when he came to DC, so the New Gods became a kind of poetic transition from his work at Marvel.

Jack's artistic abilities were astounding despite his workload. He continued to experiment with a collage style of illustration which when combined with traditional comic art, conveyed the trippy nature of the Fourth World. In Jimmy Olsen, most people will notice that Superman's face does not look like it was drawn by Jack Kirby — because it wasn't. Olsen was part of the Superman family of titles time and DC artists were expected to adhere to strict style guides for the Man of Steel. The editor had Al Plastino and Murphy Anderson redraw Kirby's Superman faces and Neal Adams contributed pencils and inks to its covers.

Darkseid's first appearance was a mere cameo in Jimmy Olsen #134 (Dec. 1970). Kirby's main Fourth World titles were launched shortly thereafter: The Forever People, Mister Miracle, and The New Gods. It seems the term "Fourth World" was not coined by Kirby, but was used atop the cover of all the series' fourth issues (but never in the stories themselves). Somehow, the term stuck as a general reference to his epic.

Stories in Jimmy Olsen featured Superman, which placed the New Gods stories in the DC Universe. Despite the book's title it was a Superman book, but Kirby's Olsen was a hero in his own right — and he didn't always appreciate the Man of Steel's intervention. Jimmy Olsen #141 featured an appearance by Don Rickles, who was being wooed by Olsen's boss, Morgan Edge. Superman's first visit to New Genesis was in Jimmy Olsen #147 (he first glimpsed it in Forever People #1).

Kirby also reintroduced some of his Golden Age DC creations in Jimmy Olsen. A new generation of the Newsboy Legion was joined by the clone of the Golden Age Guardian. DC also reprinted some of those 1940s adventures from Star Spangled Comics #7–14 (1942), in Jimmy Olsen #141–148 (1971–72).

The Forever People and The New Gods were abruptly canceled by DC in 1972 with issues #11. Mister Miracle survived and continued into 1974. The latter series was probably regarded as more reader friendly and the title character was the most "super-herolike" of the New Gods.

Why were they cancelled? John Morrow wrote an analysis of this, and investigated the matter in interviews that you can read in The Kirby Collector #6 (July 1995). He essentially concluded that, "when the other books didn't deliver huge sales, they blamed it on the complexity of the series."

Jack Kirby went on to launch new adventure series for DC including The Demon and Kamandi (the longest-running).


1977 Revivals

In 1977, DC attempted to resurrect Mister Miracle and New Gods (the cover title read "Return of the New Gods," but the indicia listed it simply as "New Gods"). These were preceded by a fresh appearance in 1st Issue Special #13 (Apr. 1976). The new series continued with their previous numbering, and without input from Jack Kirby. The new stories remained relatively true to the continuity of the originals but Orion wore a different, more super-heroic uniform and he led a team of gods.

After their publication, the 1977 revivals were deprecated as out-of-continuity. This is because when Jack Kirby returned to the New Gods in 1984, he picked up his story directly from where he'd left off in 1972. The original New Gods series was reprinted in 1984 and in the first issue, editor Mark Evanier declared that the 1977 stories would be ignored:

"When this new reprint series came up, I polled three of [the men who followed Kirby on New Gods and Mister Miracle] and all three agreed and were pleased with our decision to ignore all the non-Kirby books. If you have any of those comics in your collection, just pretend they were Imaginary Stories or they all took place on Earth-Seventeen or something. Believe me when I say that, if we tried to fit them in, it would only mess up the wonderful tale that Jack Kirby has now been given the chance to complete."

There are several contradictions between the 1977 tales and Kirby's revival:

  • Kirby's "new ending" picked up directly from his original tale (after The New Gods #11). This leaves no gap for adventures in between. The new ending appeared in issue #6 of the 1984 New Gods reprint series, and continued in the Hunger Dogs graphic novel.
  • Kirby's new ending resulted in the destruction of New Genesis. This means that the 1977 tales (in which New Genesis is intact) could take place neither between Kirby's stories nor after his new ending.
  • At the end of The New Gods #11, Kalibak died. But 1977's New Gods #12 reveals that he'd actually survived. Kirby's new stories kept Kalibak as dead.
  • Lonar died in New Gods #15 (Dec. 1977) but Kirby used him in Hunger Dogs.

Both revival series were cancelled in the great "DC Implosion" of 1978 and the conclusion of the New Gods story was moved to Adventure Comics #459-460.

After these cancellations the New Gods were homeless. The characters made sporadic appearances in DC comics over the next ten years, but there were no significant events involving the Fourth World. Significant appearances include the JLA/JSA crossover in Justice League of America #183-185 (1980). And Darkseid was the featured villain in the now classic "Great Darkness Saga" from Legion of Super-Heroes #287-294 (1984). In that tale Darkseid was revived 1,000 years in the future.


Kirby's Return (1984)

In 1981, after working for Hanna-Barbera and other animation studios, Jack Kirby made a return to comics. He wrote a creator owned venture title for Pacific Comics called Captain Victory — who, by the end of the series, was transparently intended to be the son of Orion. The series contained many allusions to his Fourth World. (Check out The Jack Kirby Collector #6, an all-New Gods issue that talks at length about Captain Victory as related to the Fourth world.) Jack told colleagues that Captain Victory was Orion's son, but because DC owned the New Gods, he could not explicitly name this connection. 

In 1982, DC hired Kirby to redesign some of his New Gods characters for the "Super Powers" line of action figures. It was an opportunity for Kirby to earn royalties, and the Super Powers line is an early example of DC's integration of all mediums — print, television, and merchandising. Jack was also involved in the initial production of the Super Powers comics.

Kirby drew and plotted the first Super Powers comic book series, which was published around the same time as a New Gods reprint series (late 1984). In the second Super Powers series (1985–86), Kirby was only the penciller. He had no involvement with the third series (1986, which was drawn by Carmine Infantino).

The related cartoon was the successor to Super Friends. Its first season was titled Super Friends: The Legendary Super Powers Show (1984–85), and the second Super Powers Team: Galactic Guardians (1985–86). Darkseid was a fixture in these series.

DC also asked Kirby to return to his original New Gods saga, ostensibly to "finish the story." This work would be appended to the end of a six-issue series reprinting the entire New Gods run, and pick up the story after The New Gods #11. 

Jack's new 24-page story was entitled "On the Road to Armagetto," and was slated to appear in the issue #6 of the New Gods reprints. But once it was submitted, DC did not think this story was a suitable "ending." To fix it, they requested a completely different story for New Gods #6 (and at 48 pages!). Plus, they wanted an additional new story for an original graphic novel. Contrary to popular belief, Kirby did not kill off Darkseid and/or Orion in the original version of "Armagetto" (which the toy marketers would have discouraged).

Kirby complied and repurposed the bulk of "Armagetto" to create The Hunger Dogs graphic novel, which was released in early 1985. Despite the effort, the final graphic novel was a general disappointment to fans and Kirby alike. To read the original version of "The Road to Armagetto" in its entirety, get a copy of The Jack Kirby Collector #46.

Perhaps due to all this flux, the Fourth World characters were noticeably absent from DC's epic Crisis on Infinite Earths. Writer Marv Wolfman explained its absence in Amazing Heroes #91 (1986): "I regret not being able to use the Jack Kirby's Fourth World characters more because of things that Jack is planning to do with them." Darkseid and Apokolips appeared only at the end of Crisis, when Brainiac seeks Darkseid's help against the Anti-Monitor. This appearance probably occurs after the Hunger Dogs graphic novel and the destruction of New Genesis. Jack's followed Hunger Dogs with plotting and some pencils for 1985's Super Powers, published concurrently with Crisis #6-11.

—Thanks to John Morrow and Aaron Severson, who provided edits for this section


Post-Crisis (1987–1994)

From History of the DC Universe #2 (1986); art by George Pérez.

Early post-Crisis tales written by John Byrne acknowledged the repercussions of the Hunger Dogs graphic novel (in particular the destruction of New Genesis), in the trilogy of Superman #3/Adventures of Superman #426/Action Comics #586 (1987).

However, Mark Evanier, who became the writer of New Gods volume 3, was not beholden to the graphic novel. Evanier had been an assistant in Kirby's studio during the production of the original Fourth World titles. So it might be surprising to find that he was not afraid to deviate from Kirby's "canon" in 1989. One reader commented on the discrepancies between the continuity of the post-Crisis New Gods and Kirby's earlier work, which prompted a clarification in the letter column of issue #14:

"Jack Kirby's Hunger Dogs does not fit into our current continuity, but it's still a powerful piece of work and comes highly recommended to New Gods fans."

This meant that Orion had not rescued his mother Tigra, or met the lovely Bekka, and (most importantly) New Genesis had not been destroyed. It was probably confusing to diligent readers because those events were incorporated into Jim Starlin's Cosmic Odyssey — and the events of that mini-series were recognized in New Gods v.3.

The start of this series was further muddled by the fact that (like the circumstances that affected The Hunger Dogs) DC ordered a reconfiguration of the first issues after they were written. Jim Starlin was to be the ongoing writer and continue his story from Cosmic Odyssey. Somewhere in the process, DC switched gears and tapped Mark Evanier to "fix" things. The final result was a premier issue written by Evanier, three issues by Starlin (which did flow from Odyssey), and Evanier continuing afterward. Evanier elaborated in The Kirby Collector #6 (July 1995):

"DC started this series with another writer. He wrote a couple of issues, they called me and asked me to take it over. … They wanted me to do a new first issue, then print the three issues by the other writer, then I would … wrap up his storylines. So right there you have six issues where no one was at the wheel. If the first six issues of your comic are pulled in all different directions and don't make any sense, it's kind of hard to course-correct after that.

"They teamed me up with an artist named Paris Cullins, who's a very nice fellow, very talented artist, and he had a passionate love for the New Gods. But we did not see the characters the same way. ... By the time Paris left the book, I was so mired in the wrong direction I didn't know how to get out of it. It was not a very good comic and I deserve a pretty good share of the blame."

The letter columns printed many requests for a crossover between New Gods and Mister Miracle, but the creators resisted it. Instead, they declared a mission to introduce one new character per issue — as Jack Kirby had done. In New Gods v.3 these new creations were mostly members of Darkseid's Elite, usually employed to pursue a ceaseless string of humans who harbored secrets of the Anti-Life Equation.


Zero Hour (1994–2004)

Zero Hour (1994) was billed as the "Crisis in Time" and it shook up the status quo of the DC universe, again. It gave creators carte blanche to change virtually anything that "needed fixing." The continuity of New Gods was scrubbed of nearly all post-Crisis (volume 3) events and overwritten by a new succession of series: New Gods, Jack Kirby's Fourth World, and Orion. Mister Miracle's history was different. Given Scott Free's crossovers with the Justice League and his series' relative separation from New Gods, there were no sweeping retcons made to the character following Zero Hour. Mister Miracle volume 3 (and Takion) began a few months after the start of New Gods volume 4.

Fourth World changes were wrought mostly by John Byrne when he took over New Gods v.4 with issue #12 (1996). Before that, writers Tom Peyer and Rachel Pollack did include some elements from the post-Crisis New Gods (v.3). For example, they mentioned Darkseid's father Yuga Khan in their narrative, and used the Necropolis of the Old Gods.

Just as Mark Evanier had declared the illegitimacy of the 1977 revival and of Kirby's own Hunger Dogs, John Byrne preferred that his story begin (more or less) after Kirby's original:

"I wanted whenever and wherever I could to do my part to restoring and maintaining the original vision. Mostly what I hope to do is subtly undo some of the revisionist and deconstructionist history that has been shoveled into the mold Kirby created. … And, of course, since Kirby's last issue of the first series was #11, and my first issue will be #12, I cannot quite resist approaching it more or less from the direction that mine is the 'next issue' after Kirby's last." (Kirby Collector #12, Oct. 1996)

Byrne flatly ignored events from New Gods v.3 and Forever People v.2 (and even some things from the v.4 issues preceding his own). To be fair, he also elaborated on others' plot threads. In contemporary issues of Mister Miracle, it was suggested that Scott Free's mother was not Highfather's wife, Avia. Byrne cleared that up too.

Gone from Byrne's Fourth World:

  • The Forever People were not born on Earth (as told in Forever People v.2), but New Genesis
  • Big Bear and Beautiful Dreamer had not married or borne their daughter, Maya (Mister Miracle v.2 #5)
  • Darkseid's father, Yuga Khan, was mentioned in early issues of New Gods v.4, but a comment in the letter column during Byrne's run stated that Yuga Khan was "gone."

These things should not detract readers from the wonderfully complex and intriguing new layers that John Byrne added to Kirby's landscape. In the backup feature "Tales of the New Gods," Byrne filled in gaps in Kirby's history, including significant revelations about the origins of Scott Free, Darkseid, Infinity Man, Kanto, and the Forever People.

In the Genesis mini-series, John Byrne finally explained the meaning of "Fourth World"…

  1. The First World was the Source.
  2. The Second World was Asgard, the era of the Old Gods. When the Second World was destroyed, a so-called "Godwave" swept outward over the universe.
  3. The Godwave created the Third World: on Earth and other planets divinity and the genetic potential for metahumans was seeded.
  4. The Fourth World was home of the New Gods, and also the product of the Godwave. The New Gods lived on the two planets that coalesced from the remains of the Second World.
  5. After the Source culled all the Gods, and Superman defeated Darkseid's avatar, the multiverse was corrected and a Fifth World was born. In it, the gods of New Genesis were recreated to live on Earth-51 (aka "Earth-Kirby").


Final Crisis (2005–2008)

Grant Morrison sowed the seeds for the coming of the Fifth World in the lead-up to DC's Final Crisis. Morrison began the process in 2005's Seven Soldiers: Mister Miracle, and also in 52 in 2006. Readers may be forgiven for being very confused about the sequence of events. The timeline doesn't sync well because DC decided to publish additional stories concerning the New Gods — without collaborating with Morrison.

52 was such a success that DC launched another weekly title called Countdown. Death of the New Gods, written by Jim Starlin, was a companion series to Countdown and it flatly contradicted some of the things Morrison was writing. The primary confusion comes from the fact that Death of the New Gods was published in 2007–08, but the New Gods had apparently already fallen in Seven Soldiers — in 2005. In Seven Soldiers, Shilo Norman had encountered Darkseid and his gang as spirits who had taken over human hosts, or avatars. In Countdown and Death of the New Gods, the New Gods were as normal.

Grant Morrison explained things to Newsarama:

"I started writing Final Crisis #1 in early 2006, around the same time as the 52 series was starting to come out, so Final Crisis was more a continuation of plot threads from Seven Soldiers and 52  than anything else. Final Crisis was partly-written and broken down into rough issue-by-issue plots before  Countdown was even conceived, let alone written. And J.G. [Jones] was already working on designs and early layouts by the time Countdown started. There wasn't really much opportunity, or desire, to modify our content at that stage.

"I've tried to avoid contradicting much of the twists and turns of that book as I can with the current  Final Crisis  scripts, the truth is, we were too far down the road of our own book to reflect everything that went on in  Countdown."

Morrison attempted to reconcile some of this in Final Crisis Secret Files (Feb. 2009), on the page outlining the definitive history of the Anti-Life Equation. It states that prior to Seven Soldiers, Darkseid had achieved some mastery of the Anti-Life Equation (it's true; he did in Orion #9). This "precipitated a disastrous war in heaven which resulted in the 'death' of the New Gods and Darkseid's subsequent catastrophic fall into the material world." This might have been his original idea, but it contradicts Jim Starlin's story in Death of the New Gods. In Death, it was not Darkseid's mastery of the Anti-Life that ended the Fourth World. The Source was the culprit; it initiated the culling of the New Gods for its own reasons and Darkseid schemed to save himself.

Secret Files goes on to explain that Darkseid, in human form on Earth, used the Equation on Mister Miracle prior to the Final Crisis. "Mister Miracle was able to resist the Anti-Life Equation, making him one of the few living beings immune to its influence."

Again, Morrison clarified that there was some time travel going on:

"The storyline in Mister Miracle  happened around the same time as the events in Infinite Crisis. … When we see Darkseid's 'fall' from the world of the New Gods — as depicted in DC Universe #0  — he's falling  backwards  through time. In  DCU #0 we're watching him fall back through the present, into the past of Seven Soldiers where he finally comes to rest in the body of 'Boss Dark Side,' the gangster from that story. The implication is that Darkseid has been consolidating his power base on Earth, in a human body, since at least the time of Infinite Crisis. Only Shilo Norman … has any real idea what's going on."

Regardless, New Gods' existence was now tempered by the need for their celestial selves to take corporeal hosts (not unlike the gods of other pantheons). The new New Gods first appeared in books dated July 2008: Final Crisis #1, Birds of Prey #118, and Teen Titans #59. The evil gods had gained enough power to return to Earth clothed as humans. Darkseid was now the proprietor of the Dark Side Club. He kidnapped super-heroes and put them under the care of Granny Goodness, who forced them into gladiator-style combat.

By the end of Final Crisis, Darkseid was beaten and the DC multiverse restabilized. Refugees from Earth-0 (the mainstream DC universe) were shepherded to Earth-51. These included Kirby creations like Kamandi, who repopulated that dead world. The gods of New Genesis were renewed and also made their home in that universe. (Final Crisis #7)

Grant Morrison added:

"They now have a newly-fashioned Kirby-flavoured Earth to deal with as they slowly return from 'death' to their full power and majesty. Right now, they're like tribal gods on a primitive planet. Clash of the Titans, dude!"

The New Gods made no further appearances before DC rebooted its multiverse in 2010 for the "New 52," which begs the question: why did DC bother publishing Final Crisis if its ramifications were moot?


New 52 (2010)

A variant cover for Convergence #6 (2015) by Steve Rude. Convergence was meant to be a celebration of all DC's past worlds and timelines.

When DC rebooted its mainstream universe in late 2010 (called the "New 52"), Darkseid was the star villain in its debut title, Justice League. Writer Geoff Johns set a grand stage in its first story arc.

New Gods trickled slowly into the New 52. Orion guest-starred in Wonder Woman and Mister Miracle and Big Barda wound up on Earth 2. Two events expanded the picture of the new New Gods. "Godhead" was a three-month crossover event among the Green Lantern titles that focused on Highfather and New Genesis. And the weekly Future's End and Earth 2: World's End shed light on Darkseid and the nature of Apokolips. Another title called Infinity Man and the Forever People reintroduced that group (changing Serifan into the female Serafina) and others.

Meanwhile, Grant Morrison defined the DC multiverse in The Multiversity, which had its roots in pre-New 52 continuity and Final Crisis. Morrison's Earth-51 was his "Kirby Earth." It was the home of the New Gods plus other Kirby creations like Kamandi and Ben Boxer. The New Gods of Earth-51 appear to be different versions of those introduced previously.


New Gods Publishing History

This section lists major titles and limited series. For an exhaustive list of appearances... » SEE: New Gods Chronology

By Jack Kirby:

Post-Kirby + Kirby's Return:

Post-Crisis on Infinite Earths:

Post-Zero Hour:

  • Guardians of Metropolis, 4-issue limited series (1994)
  • Superman/Doomsday: Hunter / Prey, 3-issue limited series (1994)
  • New Godsv.4, 15 issues (1995-97)
  • Underworld Unleashed: Apokolips—Dark Uprising, one-shot (1995)
  • Darkseid vs. Galactus: The Hunger, one-shot (1995)
  • Takion, 7 issues (1996)
  • Mister Miracle v.3, 7 issues (1996)
  • Genesis, 4-issue limited series (1997)
  • Jack Kirby's Fourth World, 20 issues (1997-98)
  • New Gods Secret Files (1998)
  • Superman: The Dark Side, 3-issue prestige series (1998, Elseworlds)
  • Darkseid (New Year's Evil) #1 (1998)
  • Superman & Savage Dragon: Metropolis, one-shot (1999)
  • Orion, 25 issues (2000-02)
  • Superman/Aliens II: God War, 4-issue limited series (2002)
  • Superman vs. Darkseid: Apokolips Now!, one-shot (2003)
  • Seven Soldiers: Mister Miracle, 4-issue limited series (2005-06)
  • Death of the New Gods, 8-issue limited series (2007-08)
  • Final Crisis, 7-issue limited series (2007–08)

The New 52:

  • Infinity Man and the Forever People, 10 issues (2014–15)
  • Green Lantern/New Gods: Godhead #1 (2014–15). Crossover spanning five Green Lantern titles (Green Lantern, Green Lantern: New Guardians, Red Lanterns, Green Lantern Corps, and Sinestro), culminating in Green Lantern Annual #3 (2015).
  • "Darkseid War". crossover

References + Links


In Print

DC Heroes #244: Apokolips Sourcebook (1989); art by Mike Mignola.
DC Heroes #251: The Law of Darkness (1990).
  • Amazing Heroes #47 (15 May 1984). Redbeard, Inc. With a custom-illustrated Kirby cover, and interview with Jack about his new New Gods stories for DC.
    • "Jack's Back and So are The New Gods" by Peter W. Dodds, Jr.
  • The Art of Jack Kirby. Blue Rose Press, 1992. Large format (34 x 24 cm) hardcover and paperback, with photos of Kirby, his art and a catalogue of Jack Kirby's work.
  • Comic Book Artist Special Edition #1 (Dec. 2013). TwoMorrows. Mark Evanier and Bruce Timm talk Kirby and New Gods; cover features Big Barda by Timm.
  • The Dark Side of Apokolips (Superman: Comic Chapter Books). Stone Arch Books, 2015. Laurie S. Sutton and Luciano Vecchio. For grades 3-7.

  • DC Comics collections:
    • Jack Kirby's New Gods (1997). Collects The New Gods #1–11.
    • Jack Kirby's Mister Miracle: Super Escape Artist (1998). Collects Mister Miracle #1–10.
    • Jack Kirby's Fourth World: Featuring Mister Miracle (2001). Collects Mister Miracle #11–18.
    • Jack Kirby's The Forever People (1999). Collects The Forever People #1–11.
    • Jimmy Olsen: Adventures by Jack Kirby vol. 1 (2003). Collects Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen #133–141.
    • Jimmy Olsen: Adventures by Jack Kirby vol. 2 (2004). Collects Superman's Pal Jimmy Olsen #142–150.
    • Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus vol. 1 (2007). Collecting #1-3 of New Gods, Forever People, Mister Miracle, and Jimmy Olsen #133-139.
    • Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus vol. 2 (2012). Collecting #4-6 of New Gods, Forever People, Mister Miracle, and Jimmy Olsen #141-145.
    • The Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus vol. 3 (2012). Collecting #4-6 of New Gods, Forever People, Mister Miracle, and Jimmy Olsen #146-148.
    • The Jack Kirby's Fourth World Omnibus vol. 4 (2012). Collects the remainder of his series, the sequel to The New Gods and Hunger Dogs, plus art from DC's Who's Who.
    • The Jack Kirby Omnibus vol. 2 (2013). Includes his Super Powers comics.
  • DC Heroes Role-Playing Game
    • #244: The Apokolips Sourcebook: Darkseid and the New Gods. By Scott Paul Maykrantz. Mayfair Games Inc. 40 pages, 1989. Covers all New Gods characters; cover by Mike Mignola.
    • #251: The Law of Darkness: New Gods Adventure. By Scott Paul Maykrantz. Mayfair Games Inc. 48 pages, 1990. Cover art by Paris Cullins and Mike DeCarlo.
  • The Jack Kirby Collector Magazine, volume 2. TwoMorrows.
    • #6 (July 1995). An all-Fourth World issue featuring interviews with Mark Evanier, Mike Royer, and Steve Sherman.
    • #12 (Oct. 1996). Kirby around the world: an interview with John Byrne, and panel discussion including Mark Evanier.
    • #17 (Nov. 1997). "The Fourth World (And Beyond): Some Minority Opinions" by Adam McGovern.
    • #21 (Oct. 1998). "Bruce Timm Interviewed," by George Khoury; on the creator's use of the Fourth World characters in animation.
    • #26 (Nov. 1999). Reprints for the first time in color Kirby's original New Gods sketches from 1967. Plus: "The Theology Of The New Gods," by Donald D. Ensign. "Doing His Damnedest," interview with Walt Simonson by Christopher Irving.
    • #30 (Nov. 2000). "Eighties Ups & Downs," by Chris Knowles; on Kirby's return to DC.
    • #46 (Summer 2006). Fourth World focus: Articles about the Source, a spotlight on Lightray, pencils from Forever People, more on Hunger Dogs, New Gods action figures, post-Kirby New Gods.
    • #62 (Winter 2014). "Kirby at DC."
  • Jack Kirby New Gods: Artist's Edition. IDW, 2014. Hardcover. $125.00
  • Jack Kirby Quarterly, 15 issues (1993–2008). Pure Imagination. A UK fanzine published by Chrissie Harper.


Top: The GODS Portfolio outer envelope and poster (1971). Below: The original Kirby Unleashed (1971).
  • Jack Kirby portfolio. Communicators Unlimited, 1971. A set of eight black-and-white reproductions of Jack's original color renderings of the New Gods (8½ x 11"). Released at the Disneyland Convention of Nostalgia a sort of "stop-gap" promo in anticipation of Kirby Unleashed. Kirby also provided the cover art for the convention program, featuring Mister Miracle.
  • Jack Kirby's GODS. Communicators Unlimited, 1971. Print run of 1000. A pack of four posters in a special one-color envelope, re-imagining Norse Gods, concieved prior to Jack's leaving Marvel. (These characters were used by Kurt Busiek in 2011's Kirby Genesis).
  • Kirby Unleashed. Communicators Unlimited/National Periodicals, 1971. An 11 x 14" portfolio including Kirby's personal drawings, photos, and paintings. The title on the cover reads "A 'King' Kirby Portfolio," but the title page reads "Kirby Unleashed."
  • Kirby Unleashed (Remastered). TwoMorrows, 2005. A reprint of the original with updated Kirby biography by Mark Evanier and Steve Sherman, a new foreword, and more.