Green Lantern I

aka SentinelThe Harlequin

Created by Bill Finger and Martin Nodell

NAME + ALIASES:
Alan Wellington Scott, alias Sentinel, the White King

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Molly Maynne Scott (Harlequin, wife), Rose Canton (aka Alyx Florin, ex-wife, deceased), Jennie-Lynn Hayden (Jade, daughter), Todd James Rice (Obsidian, son)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
Justice Society of America, Sentinels of Magic, Checkmate

FIRST APPEARANCE:
All-American Comics #16 (July 1940).
As Sentinel: Showcase '95 #1 (Jan. 1995)

Harlequin

NAME + ALIASES:
Molly Maynne Scott

KNOWN RELATIVES:
Alan Scott (Green Lantern, husband)

GROUP AFFILIATIONS:
Injustice Society

FIRST APPEARANCE:
All-American Comics #89 (Sept. 1947)

"Green Lantern" is a major DC Comics name, but unlike these more famous characters, the original Green Lantern, Alan Scott, weilded a ring whose power did not come from the Guardians of the Universe. Instead, his power came from a lantern fashioned from the Starheart, which was created by the Guardians. They gathered up malevolent magical energy, imprisoned it, then discarded it, and it eventually fell to Earth.

The ancient origins of Alan Scott's emerald powers changed or were modified several times over the years. In the Green Lantern's debut tale from All-American Comics #16 (July 1940), his power was said to have come from a green meteor that landed in China centuries before. It was retold when the character landed his own title, in Green Lantern #1 (Fall 1941).

Then in the Silver Age, after the introduction of an all-new Green Lantern (Showcase #22, Oct. 1959), the meteor's genesis was tied to the Guardians of the Universe. But it was not a part of their Green Lantern Corps (Green Lantern v.2 #111–112, Dec. 1978–Jan. 1979). Instead it was called the "Starheart." This became the first of many cross-dimensional team-ups between the two Lanterns.

Alan Scott's origin was retold with little modification, after the Crisis on Infinite Earths times, in Secret Origins v.2 #18 (Sept. 1987). In the post-Crisis era, Earths-One and -Two were merged into a single timeline, but no major changes were made to Alan's history.

An attempt was made to scrub the meteor's magical element from his story, (Green Lantern v.3 #19, Dec. 1991). But this was soon "fixed" by a story in Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #7 (Dec. 1993).

After the total DC reboot known as the "New 52," a new Earth-2 was created and a parallel version of Alan Scott was introduced (Earth 2 #1, July 2012).

The Starheart

The Guardian reveals the origin of the Starheart to Hal Jordan and Oliver Queen. From Green Lantern v.2 #112 (1978); art by .
Ancient Green Lantern Yalan Gur is fated for contact with the Starheart. From Green Lantern v.3 #19 (1991); art by Martin Nodell and .
In China, sorcerer Chang first fashions the green meteor into a lantern. From All-American Comics #16 (1940); art by Martin Nodell and .

Millennia ago, the Guardians of the Universe of Earth-One gathered up "the mystic force loose in the starways" and "locked it in the heart of a star, there to remain forever." Unknown to them, this Starheart then become sentient. It cast a portion of its magic energy to Earth-Two, as the Green Flame of Life. This aspect of the Starheart was intended to serve as a force for good. (Green Lantern v.2 #111–112, Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #7)

The Green Flame's path to Earth intersected that of Yalan Gur, Sector 2814's dragon-like agent from the Green Lantern Corps. Gur was one of the Guardians' favored, and they rewarded him by removing his power ring's weakness to yellow. But Yalan quickly became corrupted by power and attempted to dominate the people of China. They rose up against their oppressor with help from the Guardians, who altered the composition of his power battery and ring. They made its power vulnerable to wood instead; his weakness would be "the sticks of peasants, the humblest of all weapons."

The wounded Green Lantern flew into Earth's atmosphere, cursing the Guardians, then lost consciousness and fell back down and burned on reentry. (Green Lantern v.3 #19) Note: This tale was a post-Crisis retcon to that of the pre-Crisis Starheart. It identified the green meteor as Yalan Gur's own molten lantern and the voice of the Green Flame as Gur's. The next story reconciled the two.

Just then, his body was struck by the Starheart fragment, which granted the dying Yalan Gur "absolution if not resurrection." (Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #7)

The Starheart thus landed among the Chinese, appearing as a glowing green meteor. There it proclaimed:

"Three times shall I flame green!
First — to bring death!
Second — to bring life!
Third — to bring power!"

A sorcerer named Chang retrieved the meteor and forged it into a lamp. Fearing that Chang's actions would anger the gods, the villagers murdered the lamp maker, and in so doing fulfilled the Green Flame's first prophesy, of death. (All-American Comics #16)

After this, the lantern passed through many hands, both good and evil, but did not yet flame per the prophesy. (Secret Origins v.2 #18)

The First Green Lantern of Earth

Alan Scott dons a multicolored costume to become the Green Lantern. From Secret Origins v.2 #18 (1987); art by George Freeman.
Above: Irene Miller meets the scrappy cab driver, "Doiby" Dickles. Below: Doiby tries to step into the Lantern's shoes. From All-American Comics #27 (1941); art by Irwin Hasen.

Of the lantern, it was also said "to the bad, it brought destruction ... to the good ... luck and fortune." In the mid-1930s, the lamp was discovered in Asia by Spike Spalding and Ryan Patrick (characters inspired by Milton Caniff's "Terry and the Pirates"), who brought it to Gotham City, and it was left at Arkham Asylum. (Secret Origins v.2 #18)

There a patient named Billings, took to the lantern and he refashioned it for a new age. Its power cured his madness and gave him a second lease on life — the Starheart's second prophesy. (All-American Comics #16)

Finally in 1939, Billings' lantern was found by Alan Scott, a construction engineer. Alan was riding a train during a test run to gauge the effectiveness of "a newly-constructed trestle bridge." But his company had underbid a rival engineer, Albert Dekker, who planted explosives along the track with the intention of killing all aboard. Alan survived only because of the train's green lantern that he'd been holding at the moment of impact. The young engineer collapsed into unconsciousness as the magic lantern filled his mind with its story.

At the lantern's mental direction, Alan fashioned a ring from it that allowed him to tap the meteor's great power — its third promise. Scott (perhaps influenced subconsciously by its history with the Guardians of the Universe) adopted the identity of Green Lantern. He fashioned a ring to channel the lantern's power, and at first used it to appear as an emerald phantom. He passed through the wall of Dekker's quarters like a wraith saying, "I have the power of going through the Fourth Dimension." He was capable of deflecting bullets and knives when he was solid, but a blow from a wooden club dazed him. (All-American Comics #16, Secret Origins v.2 #18)

The new Green Lantern continued to walk through walls and deflect bullets. He also used the ring to create a wall of emerald force and melt steel but wood continued to defeat the hero. Scott demonstrated the ability to become intangible many times during his early years. (All-American Comics #17)

Later in 1940, after APEX radio announcer Jim Tellum was killed, Alan considered the dead man's profession. As a radio engineer, he figured he could get firsthand clues on his cases as the Green Lantern. APEX's assistant manager, Mister Gates, only brushed Alan aside, but Scott befriended Irene Miller at the New York World's Fair. Irene worked at the station and was as determined to find the Tellums' killer — which turned out to be Gates. Alan's role in solving this case (and saving Irene's life) garnered the attention of the station manager, who rewarded Alan with a job. (#18–20)

In 1941, Irene Met cab driver Charles "Doiby (Derby)" Dickles. Dickles, whose nickname came from his signature hat, protected her when they were ambushed by thieves. When Alan heard of Dickles' bravery, he approached the stout man as Green Lantern to offer thanks. Doiby stuck with the pair through their case and he even tried to impersonate the hero while confronting the bad guys. Afterwards, the Green Lantern left him a note: "I could use a good man like you to help me in my fight against evil — how about it?" (#27)

When an APEX announcer fell ill, Alan revealed hidden talents while filling in for him. The company president complemented him on his on-air manner, and appointed him to become an interviewer for a 'man on the street' program. (Green Lantern v.1 #2)

Upon his discharge from the army in 1943, Alan seemed to drift from station to station: WXK (#10) and WCMG (#12), occasionally identified as a trouble shooter. Eventually he settled in at WXYZ, where Scott was known as a jack-of-all-trades. The manager, Mr. MacGillicuddy, told him he was "trying to do too many jobs at once… You're a good sound engineer — stick to that!"

Soon after, Alan was fired when he was framed in a scam involving a gang that used radios as listening posts. A fierce fight between Green Lantern and the thugs wrecked the WXYZ studio. Alan repaired its equipment, wrote copy for a news program and worked in the sound booth and as emcee on a new variety show. MacGillicuddy was so impressed he rehired Alan and made him General Manager. He was, "too valuable to lose. From now on, you can hold every job in the place if you want to!" (#20)

The Green Lantern was a popular character and was awarded features in more new magazines, including anthologies All-Star Comics (1940), and Comics Cavalcade (1942), and his own title, Green Lantern (1941).

Super-Villains!

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Like Superman, in his early cases Scott seemed to waste his prodigious power fighting common gangsters. Where his magic ring could have easily ended a conflict, the Green Lantern was instead found using his fists. This may have to do with the preferences of the features' primary writer, Bill Finger. Nothing resembling a super-villain appeared until after the war, when Finger moved on to other characters.

Six of the "Green Latrine's" adversaries joined with each other at some point, as members of the Injustice Society (most of its members were either GL's or the Flash's foes). They challenged the Justice Society as a team, and it's these villains who led the longest careers. Some of these characters have become enduring and popular characters in the DC Universe.

The great, immortal Vandal Savage first appeared as an unassuming civilian, luring the Green Lantern to him so that he could ultimately meet with Alan Scott. Savage made an odd offer: to buy Alan's safe deposit box. He wanted the stocks within to gain the position of chairman at a steel company. In truth, he was over 1 million years old! He began life as a cromagnon chieftan who gained eternal youth from a falling meteor. Across the millennia he was known as Cheops of Egypt, Julius Caesar, Genghis Khan, then advisor to many conquerors. Now he was bored and tried to conquer America. (Green Lantern #10) Savage became a founding member of the Injustice Society (All-Star Comics #37), but slipped back into obscurity for years, reemerging during the debut of the heroes of Earth-One. (The Flash v.1 #137)

The Gambler began as a humble shop boy, Steve Sharpe. Steve lost his chance at true love when his girl refused to go with him because his father and gradfather were notorious gamblers. His despair led him to leave domesticity behind and take up a colorful crime career. He disguised his age and donned a dapper late-19th century suit, tossing clues at the Green Lantern to invite challenges. Instead of bullets, his derringer contained poison gas. (Green Lantern v.1 #12) .. (#20) (#27) (#30) (#35) Justice League of America #123 (October 1975)

Solomon Grundy (All-American Comics #61) (Comic Cavalcade #13) Grundy took on the entire JSA to get back at the Green Lantern (All-Star Comics #33), before joining the Injustice Society to try again. (#37) Comic Cavalcade #24 (December 1947): Justice League of America #193/2 (August 1981) All-Star Squadron #1 (September 1981):

"Crusher" Crock was known the best all-around sportsman, whose reputation for playing dirty led to a life of true crime. Dressed in sports gear and a mask, his antics drew the attention of Alan Scott. In battle with the Green Lantern, he apparently died. (All-American Comics #85) He returned twice more, as the Sportsmaster. (Green Lantern v.1 #28, All-American Comics #98)

The Icicle  (All-American Comics #90): (Oct. 1947) All-American Comics #92 All-Star Comics #41 The Icicle was one of the first Golden Age super-villains to reemerge, shortly after the Justice Society's return to prominence. (Justice League of America #21)

Vandal Savage and the Thinker joined the first grouping of the Injustice Society, (All-Star Comics #37) the Harlequin, the Icicle, Sportsmaster and Solomon Grundy all participated in the second. (All-Star Comics #41)

Sky-Pirate . (Green Lantern v.1 #27) (August1947): Comic Cavalcade #25 (February-March 1948) All-Star Squadron #3 (November 1981):

Knodar (Green Lantern v.1 #28) (Oct./Nov. 1947): Green Lantern v.1 #30/4 (February-March 1948 All-American Comics #100/4 (August 1948): Infinity, Inc. #23 (February 1986):

A bevy of other colorful characters appeared only during Green Lantern's early years (many of these were near the end of his title's run):

  • The Lizard (Green Lantern #16)
  • The Fop (Green Lantern #25)
  • The Fool (Green Lantern v.1 #28) (Comic Cavalcade #27) (Green Lantern #31)
  • The Juggler (Green Lantern #32)
  • White Star (Green Lantern #34)
  • the dramatic Red Domino made just one appearance (Green Lantern #36): February, 1949
  • The Trapper (Green Lantern #37)
  • Mr. Paradox (Green Lantern #38)

Postwar

Alan's secretary Molly Maynne is inspired to create the costumed identity of the Harlequin. From All-American Comics #89 (1947); art by Irwin Hasen.
The Harlequin ducks out after a charade to take down the Sportsmaster. From Superman Family #206 (1981); art by Kurt Schaffenberger and Frank Chiaramonte.
Green Lantern and Wonder Woman offer to help cure the Rose and the Thorn (an adversary of the Flash). From Superman's Girl Friend Lois Lane #113 (1971); art by Joe Kubert.

Justice Society of America

Alan was a founding member and staple of the first super-hero group, the Justice Society of America. (All-Star Comics #3) He was instrumental in the group's many wartime U.S. battles.

The Harlequin

After the war, he began a flirtatious relationship with the costumed villainess called the Harlequin (who unbeknown to Alan, was secretly his secretary, Molly Maynne). (All-American #89)

All-American Comics #91 (November 1947): "The Wedding of the Harlequin" Green Lantern #29 (December 1947-January 1948): [Framed By the Harlequin] All-American Comics #93 (January 1948): "The Double-Crossing Decoy" All-American Comics #94 (February 1948): "Partners in Peril!" All-American Comics #95 (March 1948): "The Unmasking of the Harlequin" Green Lantern #31 (March-April 1948): "The Terror of the Talismans" Green Lantern v.1 #32/2 (May-June 1948): "The Case of the Conscience Fund"

Molly even admitted that her career as a "criminal" was just a ruse to get close to Green Lantern. (All-Star Comics #41)

All-American Comics #99 (July 1948): "Nest of Terror!" Green Lantern v.1 #33/3 (July-August 1948): "The Harlequin's Leap Year" Comic Cavalcade #28/3 (August-September 1948): "The Treasure of Plateau City"

The Harlequin eventually turned over a new leaf and became an undercover agent for the FBI. Alan was privy to this change, but he did not learn her civilian identity or her feelings for him. (Green Lantern v.1 #34)

Green Lantern #35/3 (November-December 1948): "Perfect Crimes for Sale" [as Molly Mayne] Green Lantern v.1 #36/3 (January-February 1949): "The Timberland Trail" [as Molly Mayne] Green Lantern v.1 #38 (May-June 1949): "The Murdered Clues" [as Molly Mayne]

Streak the Wonder Dog in Green Lantern v.1 #30 (post-war). ??

The Harlequin reappeared in Metropolis, staging a crime under the direction of her former Injustice Society cohort, the Sportsmaster (he was still angry about her betrayal [All-Star Comics #41]). Superman "foiled" her, but she slipped away. Afterwards the Green Lantern arrived to explain that the Harlequin was working undercover for the law. (Superman Family #206)

Secret History: Rose and Thorn

Around the same time, the Flash clashed with a ruthless villainess called the Thorn, who was actually the evil alternate personality of kind-hearted botanist, Rose Canton. (Flash Comics #89, 96) During his third and final clash with the Thorn, the Flash finally realized that she and Rose were the same person, not sisters. After her defeat, Rose begged the Flash to lock her away, fearing she would become the Thorn again. The Flash appealed to the Justice Society, arranging for Green Lantern to carry Rose to the Amazons' Transformation Island, where Wonder Woman hoped Amazonian training would enable Rose to "rid her of her Thorn side forever." (Unpublished 1948 story excerpted in Lois Lane #113)

Rose spent most of the next 20 years on Transformation Island, seemingly cured of her dual personality disorder. However, her fascination had turned to Green Lantern, despite having met him only briefly. (Infinity Inc. Annual #1)

The Silver Age

The Green Lanterns from parallel Earths meet for the first time. From Justice League of America #21 (1979); art by Mike Sekowsky and Bernard Sachs.
After a night with Alan Scott, Rose flees and gives their twin children up for adoption. From Infinity Inc. Annual #1 (1985); art by Todd McFarlane.
When Alan succumbs to stress, Hal Jordan is the friend who coaches him back to himself. From Green Lantern v.2 #61 (1968); art by Gil Kane and Sid Greene.
GL and the Flash fall under the control of the new Psycho Pirate! From All-Star Comics #68 (1977); art by Joe Staton and Bob Layton.
Alien lovers Zalaz and M'La temporarily wield the power of the Starheart, which Alan learns is the source of his green battery's power. From Green Lantern v.2 #112 (1979); art by Alex Saviuk and Vince Colletta.

In 1963, Alan Scott resumed his Green Lantern identity to help the JSA and Earth-One's Flash battle Vandal Savage. (The Flash #137) Soon afterward, he and the rest of the JSA met Earth-One's Justice League of America (Justice League of America #21–22), encountered the Crime Syndicate of Earth-Three (#29–30), and clashed with Earth-One's evil Johnny Thunder. (#37–38)

By 1965, when he and Doiby Dickles teamed up with Hal Jordan to battle Krona (Green Lantern v.2 #40), Alan had become president of his company, which had expanded from radio to television and changed its name to the Gotham Broadcasting Company (GBC). (NOTE: Post-Crisis revisions (e.g., Secret Origins #50) retroactively assigned this name to the station in the '50s.) He later acquired additional stations in New York and California that kept him from his home town for long stretches of time. (Batman: Gotham Knights #10)

Around this time, the Amazons decided that Rose Canton was now free of her evil alter ego and Wonder Woman returned her to America. However, Rose was now obsessed with Alan Scott, whose true identity she had learned by overhearing Wonder Woman's conversations about the revival of the JSA. Disguising herself slightly by dying her hair black and wearing glasses, she traveled to Gotham City and introduced herself to Scott as Alyx Florin. Since she had scarcely aged since 1948 (due to Paradise Island's mystical properties), Alan did not recognize her. The two soon fell in love and Alan proposed marriage. He even revealed his secret identity, unaware that "Alyx" already knew.

On their wedding night, Rose's Thorn personality reasserted itself and she nearly killed Alan in his sleep. As she struggled for control of herself, she started a fire in their hotel room and then fled into the night, leaving Alan to assume she had died in the blaze. Taking the name "Smith," she took refuge in a small town in Southern Wisconsin, where she learned she was pregnant. She gave birth to twins: a boy and a girl. Fearing that her Thorn identity would attempt to hurt the children, Rose fled again, leaving hers and Alan's twins to be adopted as Jennie-Lynn Hayden and Todd Rice. It was not until years later that they or Alan learned of their parentage. (Infinity Inc. Annual #1)

Soon after "Alyx's" apparent death, Alan received another blow: Doiby Dickles had left the Earth to marry Princess Ramia of the planet Myrg in Galaxy 882. (Green Lantern v.2 #45) 

The strain of these losses took its toll on Alan's judgment. After one particularly stressful evening in which his own apartment was robbed while he was out, he attempted to use his power ring to eliminate all evil on Earth. This only succeeded in banishing himself and the entire population of Earth-Two to Earth-One, although Alan finally reversed the situation with the help of Hal Jordan. (#61) 

Alan eventually paid the price for his distraction and neglect of his cornerstone station. A half million dollars in debt, he lost control of Gotham Broadcasting. (All-Star Comics #64) It left him despondent and Green Lantern fell prey to the Psycho-Pirate, (#65) who caused him to rampage (#66) along with other members of the JSA, until Wildcat broke the spell. (#68)

Alan relocated to Keystone City (Green Lantern v.2 #108); he was humbled and accepted a position as a research assistant to Jay Garrick (the original Flash). (Infinity, Inc. Annual #1)

Around this time, Alan was confronted by Lo-Lanke, the immortal wife of Chang. She revealed that Chang's "servants perished at the first flame of the green fire, but he survived." Chang retained a small piece of the meteor which preserved him. When Alan's spirits were dimmed over the loss of GBC, he unwittingly enabled Chang's power to surface. In a final battle with Green Lantern, Chang was crushed to death by a huge tree; Lo-Lanke had never told her master that the emerald energy didn't work against wood. (Green Lantern v.2 #108–110)

Alan and Hal finally learned the secret of Alan's power when the original Starheart was stolen by an alien called Zalaz. Once he possessed it, he sacrificed himself to reanimate his love, M'La. She in turn chose to return the energies to their source. (Green Lantern v.2 #111–112)

Infinity, Inc.: Jade and Obsidian

The mysterious Jade and Obsidian confront their father. From Infinity, Inc. #1 (1984); art by Jerry Ordway and Mike Machlan.
Molly returns as the Harlequin, crashing Infinity, Inc.'s party. From Infinity Inc. #12 (1985); art by Tim Burgard and Tony DeZuniga.
The Harlequin returns to protect Jade and Obsidian from the Thorn — is she their mother? From Infinity, Inc. #18 (1985); art by Todd McFarlane and Pablo Marcos.
The wedding of Harlequin and Green Lantern (Dickles is best man). From Infinity, Inc. Annual #1 (1985); art by Ron Harris.

Meanwhile, Alan's growing children Jennie-Lynn and Todd developed super-human powers as a byproduct of their father's connection to the mystic Starheart. The brother and sister did not find one another until adolescence, but they were united in their desire to uncover their parents' identities. They adopted the costumed identities of Jade and Obsidian and became founding members of Infinity Inc. At the time, Alan hypothesized whether there might be some connection between his ring and Jade's power (and green skin). (Infinity Inc. #1)

Under the influence of the sinister Stream of Ruthlessness, Alan tried to kill Jade and Obsidian, but was thankfully freed from the its malevolent influence. (#9–10) 

In time, Alan decided to get back into the broadcasting game and formed a partnership with old friend Molly Maynne to purchase TV-18 and radio station KGLX in Los Angeles. The professional relationship soon became a personal. (Infinity, Inc. Annual #1) Concurrently, Maynne resumed her guise as Harlequin, using her illusion shades to make her appear younger. (#9)

She made a surprise appearance at Infinity Inc.'s first press conference in Los Angeles (#12) and later confronted the Thorn. All of this made Jade and Obsidian wonder if the Harlequin was their mother. (#18)

The Harlequin helped Alan, Jennie-Lynn, and Todd defeat the Thorn, but then Rose committed suicide to prevent the Thorn from taking control again. Alan and their children pieced together the truth about Alyx Florin, and verified that she was the mother of the twins. Only then did the Harlequin reveal her true identity as Molly Maynne — and Alan asked her to marry him (also showing that he had been wearing a toupee to disguise his receding hairline!). Most of the Justice Society and Infinity attended their wedding, and Doiby Dickles returned with his wife, Princess Ramia. (Infinity Inc. Annual #1, #21)

Alan and Molly had no children of their own.

Sentinel (Post-Crisis)

Alan greets Wildcat, the Atom and the Flash at his newly-reacquired GBC building. From Justice Society of America v.2 #2 (1992); art by Mike Parobek and Mike Machlan.
Alan is rejuvenated by the power of the Starheart. From Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #5 (1993); art by Jim Balent and Andrew Pepoy.
Behind the scenes, the Spectre manipulates Alan Scott to recommit to his mission. From Showcase '95 #1 (1995); art by Gene Gonzalez and Wade Von Grawbadger.

Alan and Molly's honeymoon was short-lived, as the Green Lantern and most of the Justice Society were cast into the timeless Limbo. (Last Days of the JSA #1) TV-18 thrived under Molly's guidance and years later, when the JSA was freed from Limbo (Armageddon: Inferno #4), Alan Scott was able to also reacquire Gotham Broadcasting. (Justice Society of America #2)

Alan began to learn a lot more about the nature of the Starheart. To everyone's surprise, the entity restored Green Lantern's youth! (Green Lantern Corps Quarterly #5) Molly sensed some distance between them after this, especially as Alan doubled down on his super-hero career, choosing a new name and costume to become Sentinel. (Showcase '95 #1)

He encountered a mysterious new Harlequin (IV), who may have been a manifestation of the Starheart, which became malevolent. The Starheart was apparently destroyed and Alan's powers were diminished and he returned to his original uniform. Jade also lost her powers during this incident. (Green Lantern/Sentinel: Hearts of Darkness)

At some point, the couple moved from Los Angeles to Gotham City. (Underworld Unleashed: Hell's Sentinel #1) In the aftermath of the city's massive earthquake, they relocated to Manhattan (Green Lantern Secret Files #2) and "moved what could be salvaged from his Gotham Broadcasting Company building into storage." (Green Lantern v.3 #110) He later changed the company's name to Scott Telecommunications. (Green Lantern Secret Files #2)

The JSA Returns

Dr. Mid-Nite and Mister Terrific inform Alan of their medical findings. From JSA #26 (2001); art by Rags Morales and Michael Bair.
Jade and Green Lantern wrap up a painful chapter in Obsidian's life. From JSA #52 (2003); art by Don Kramer and Keith Champagne.
Cover of JSA #77 (2005); art by Alex Ross.

JSA

Whenever the Justice Society reformed, Alan was there as always to anchor the team. One of their first major cases pitted Sentinel against his son, Obsidian, who had been seduced by dark forces. Alan was forced to beat Todd into retreat. (#7–9)

Obsidian returned in alliance with Mordru and Eclipso. This time, Alan set things right and banished Todd's dark powers, perhaps for good. After this, Alan reclaimed the name Green Lantern. (#46–50) Todd was taken into D.E.O. custody and vowed to atone for his actions. (#52) These events made Alan somewhat overbearing toward, and overprotective of the JSA's other younger "children."

At a certain point it became obvious (and it was confirmed by Dr. Mid-Nite) that Alan had rather become the living embodiment of the Starheart. Any physical evidence of age or of waning power were merely psychosomatic. (JSA #26)

Infinite Crisis

During the second great Crisis created by Alexander Luthor and Superboy Prime, Alan and Jade followed Donna Troy into space to investigate a cosmic rift. When Luthor was defeated, the rift began collapsing and Jennie-Lynn was caught in one of the shock waves. Alan was on Thanagar when she lost her life. He learned afterwards that as she died, that her green energy powers returned to their source, Lantern Kyle Rayner. (Rann-Thanagar War: Infinite Crisis Special)

When the rift collapsed for good, Alan and the remaining heroes were sent reeling through space and time. He and several others reemerged a week later on Earth. Alan was among the lucky ones, having only lost an eye. (52 #4)

In this time the JSA became disorganized and its members became disillusioned about the team's effectiveness. This was underscored by the invention of Lex Luthor's Everyman technology. Luthor gave normal people super-powers and even formed a new Infinity, Inc. Young Nicki Jones was awarded powers and she adopted the codename Jade. Alan had to restrain Obsidian from accosting the girl. (#29)

Checkmate

As Checkmate's new White King, Alan discusses bold moves with his Black Queen counterpart, Amanda Waller. From Checkmate v.2 #1 (2006); art by Jesus Saiz.
When "kingdom comes," the Emerald Warrior arms himself for war with Gog of Earth-22. From Justice Society of America v.3 #14 (2008); art by Dale Eaglesham and Prentis Rollins.
When "kingdom comes," the Emerald Warrior arms himself for war with Gog of Earth-22. From Justice Society of America v.3 #43 (2010); art by Dale Eaglesham and Prentis Rollins.
Green Lantern sacrifices himself by letting go of the reigns on the Starheart, setting its power against D'arken.. From Justice Society of America v.3 #54 (2011); art by Jerry Ordway.

When he resumed his duties, the legendary Green Lantern took up a new role. He was invited by his colleague, Mister Terrific to join the international espionage organization called Checkmate. Alan signed on only when Holt agreed to be his Bishop. (52 #25) Checkmate had been reorganizing under U.N. control, and Alan became their White King. (52 #46, Checkmate v.2 #1)

His time with Checkmate was brief; Alan had even admitted that his interest in the position was due to his desire to keep tabs on the organization. On a mission to China, he chose to follow his moral compass rather than his orders. When Checkmate's charter came up for renewal, he is not voted into another term as White King. Mister Terrific succeeded him as White King. (Checkmate v.2 #4–5)

Final Crisis

When the dust from the "Infinite Crisis" had settled, the Justice Society's elders were urged by the Justice League to reestablish the JSA. They saw the value in its ability to care for the legacy of the world's heroes. (Justice Society of America v.3 #1)

The JSA's perennial foe, Vandal Savage, returned from banishment in space with a special vengeance toward the Green Lantern. Faced with his own death, Savage chose Alan Scott as the target of his ultimate revenge. (JSA: Classified #10) Savage lured Alan to him using a creation who resembled his old friend, Wes Dodds (the Sandman). (#11) The ruse led Alan to Savage's lair, where the hero was trapped. (#12) Savage hoped to create a clone of Green Lantern to infiltrate the JSA, but Alan called in help from Checkmate. Blackhawk planes destroyed Vandal Savage's compound but the immortal escaped again. (#13)

During this period, Alan sometimes wore a new uniform that looked more like emerald armor. He enjoyed teaming with Obsidian against the menace of Gog. (Justice Society of America v.3 #14) Note: This costume was made famous by the version of Alan that appeared in Mark Waid and Alex Ross' Kingdom Come (1996). That story was eventually described as having taken place on Earth-22, and some of its characters traveled across time to meet the Justice Society of Earth-0.

The final year of the first Green Lantern began with an attack by Scythe, who surprised Scott with a weapon that crushed his neck and paralyzed him. (Justice Society of America v.3 #44) Despite his seeming immortality, his condition worsened. At the same time, a meteor fell to Earth that contained the body of ... Jade! (Justice League of America v.2 #44) Her return drew a fragment of the Starheart to Earth, and sparked Alan's own power to assert itself and take control of legions of metahumans. The Justice League was forced to step in. (#45)

Members from both groups were attacked by Alan/the Starheart at his base on the dark side of the moon. (#46) After much struggle, the teams suppressed the Starheart with the help of Jade, who extracted and contained its darkness from her father. Alan was restored to normal. (#48)

Afterwards, Alan Scott became a "sentinel of the Starheart," establishing a colony on the dark side of the moon that was a nexus for all magical beings and worlds. He became diplomat of sorts, and even signed a nonaggression pact with Mordru of Sorcerer's World. (Justice Society of America v.3 #43)

The Green Lantern's new status quo did not stand for long. A dark god called D'arken rose from beneath the JSA's new home of Monument City. (#53) In the end, Alan Scott chose to let go the reigns on the Starheart's dark power, directing it at D'arken. The god was defeated but Green Lantern was also destroyed in the process. The JSA pledged to rebuild. (#54)

This was the final issue of Justice Society of America, and after that the DC Comics universe was totally rebooted for its "New 52" initiative. In the New 52, Alan Scott was a young character who resided only on Earth-2.

New Earth-Two

Post-Infinite Crisis

After the Infinite Crisis, the DC multiverse was restored. There was again an Earth-2 where life had apparently continued seamlessly from the place where the original Earth-Two had ceased. This universe had it's own Alan Scott, Jade and Obsidian.

This world was discovered by Power Girl. Like the original Justice Society, she had originated on Earth-Two. But unlike her team members, she subconsciously maintained this memory and connection. Power Girl found her way to the new Earth-2 but discovered that it already had its own Power Girl; she was truly an orphan in the multiverse. Earth-2's version of Jade mentioned that her father was dead. (Justice Society of America v.3 #20)

When DC's New 52 reboot took effect, this version of Earth-2 was apparently erased in favor of a new interpretation of DC's Golden Age heroes.

The Harlequin Legacy

The Joker's Daughter debuts. From Batman Family #6 (1976); art by Irv Novick and Frank MacLaughlin.
"Duela Dent" turns over a new leaf and joins the Teen Titans as the Harlequin II. From Teen Titans v.1 #48 (1977); art by Jose Delbo and Vince Colletta.
The original Harlequin and Dan Richards (Manhunter) are shocked to learn that his granddaughter, Marcie, has become a supervillain — the new harlequin! From Infinity Inc. #10 (1988); art by Vince Argondezzi and Tony DeZuniga.

The second person to take the name "Harlequin" is the sometime-villain Duela Dent. Dent has taken many names, including Two-Face's Daughter and Joker's Daughter (claiming such parentage each time). (Batman Family #6) Duela confounded the original Robin many times before actually becoming a Teen Titan herself, under the name of Harlequin (II). (Teen Titans #46) She has always flopped back-and-forth between crime and heroism.

The third Harlequin was Marcie Cooper, granddaughter of the original Manhunter, Dan Richards. (Infinity, Inc. #14) As a youth Marcie Cooper was recruited by the Grandmaster to join the Manhunters, an alien band of androids originally created by the Guardians of the Universe. Her grandfather, not knowing about the Manhunters' new nefarious plan to invade Earth, also encouraged her to join the group as he had years ago. The Manhunters gave her a job working at KGLX radio in Gotham City, alongside Molly Maynne Scott, who was a former agent called Harlequin. Marcie began dating Northwind, and later Obsidian, both of Infinity, Inc., infiltrating the super-team from within.

When the Manhunters began their strike on Earth, Marcie stole Molly's illusion-casting spectacles, becoming Harlequin III. (#46) She failed to recruit Obsidian to the Manhunters, but she did kill her grandfather after he betrayed the Manhunters. Single-minded in her attempt to destroy Infinity, Inc., she joined Injustice, Unlimited and masterminded the assassination of Skyman. She used Solomon Grundy as her pawn in killing Skyman, but when the sometimes-kind Grundy realized what he had done, he savagely beat Marcie. She has not been heard from since.

Notes

William Moulton-Marston, the creator of Wonder Woman, penned a text piece for the quarterly Green Lantern #1 (Fall 1941) "Will Power is the Flame of the Green Lantern!", in which he instructs young readers how to overcome adversity and fear. The same issue contains a profile of the character's creators, Bill Finger and Martin Nodell.

Geoff Johns said: "Like Jay, he’s a mainstay in the DC Universe. He’ll be taking center stage in the last half of the year of Justice Society of America as he comes face-to-face with a new member he sees a lot of himself in Hawkman." (from Newsarama)

In 2005, Simon and Schuster published two prose novels called Green Lantern: Sleepers, under their iBooks imprint. Book One stars Green Lantern Kyle Rayner in the present day, and Jennie-Lynn Hayden and Alan Scott also appear. This was written by Mike Baron, from a plot by Christopher Priest.

Book Two, by Priest and Michael Ahn, stars Alan Scott. It presents a greatly expanded version of Alan's origin, including his childhood as a scrappy orphan, how he became a railway engineer, his struggles after the train wreck (which saw him held legally responsible for the crash), and his first meetings with Irene Miller. The villain is Lord Malvolio, a peculiar Elizabethan-era Green Lantern who was introduced by Priest in Action Comics Weekly #632 (Dec. 1988). GraphicAudio subsequently adapted the book as an audio drama in 2011.

Powers

Alan Scott controls the great mystical power of the Starheart, an ancient magical artifact created by the Guardians of the Universe. (Green Lantern v.2 #111-112) The Starheart was originally fashioned into a lantern, then also into a ring that Scott uses to create hard light constructs and project fire-like plasma blasts. Much like the weapons of the Green Lantern Corps, the Starheart's power could be weilded for near-limitless uses.

In his early days, he would frequently create walls of light, become immaterial, and use it to be impervious to all metals. His ring needed to touch to its companion lantern once every 24 hours in order to "maintain its potency."

Over time, the artifact's mystical properties also imbued Scott some measure of extended youth. Essentially, Alan's body became composed of the Green Flame. His appearance of aging is only a magical manifestation of his will. (JSA #26)

As the Harlequin, both Molly Maynne and Marcie Cooper wore special glasses that allowed them to hypnotize people and to create realistic illusions. Marcie also wielded a mandolin with an extending handle that could be used as a weapon.

Appearances + References

» FEATURED APPEARANCES:

Golden Age:

  • All-Flash #14 (1944, cameo)
  • Big All-American Comic Book #1 (1944)

Pre-Crisis:

  • Adventure Comics #461–463, 465–466
  • Crisis on Infinite Earths #5–7, 9–12
  • DC Special #29
  • Flash v.1 #137, 161
  • Green Lantern v.2 #40, 45, 52 , 61, 108–112
  • Infinity, Inc. #1–5, 10–12, 20–22, 25–26, 48, Annual #1
  • Justice League of America #21-22, 37, 38, 64, 65, 73, 74, 82, 83, 91, 92, 101, 102, 135, 137, 147, 148, 159, 160, 166, 171, 172, 183, 193, 195, 207, 208, 209, 231, 232
  • Showcase #55, 98, 99
  • Superman's Girl Friend Lois Lane #113
  • Wonder Woman v.1 #131-133, 243, 291

Post-Crisis:

  • 52 #4, 5, 25, 29, 45, 46, 48-52
  • Action Comics #802, Annual #11
  • Adventures of Superman #618
  • All-Star Comics 80-Page Giant #1
  • All-Star Comics v.2 #1–2
  • Amazons Attack #3, 5, 6
  • Aquaman v.6 #23
  • Batman #611
  • Batman: Gotham Knights #10
  • Birds of Prey v.1 #62
  • Black Adam: The Dark Age #1, 3, 6
  • Blackest Night #1, 3-5, 8
  • Checkmate v.2 #1-5
  • DC 2000 #1-2
  • DC First: Green Lantern/Green Lantern #1
  • DC Universe Holiday Bash #2
  • DC Universe: Legacies #4
  • Detective Comics #784–786
  • Final Crisis #2-6
  • Firestorm v.3 #20
  • Flash v.2 #209
  • Golden Age Secret Files #1
  • Green Lantern 80-Page Giant #1
  • Green Lantern v.3 #140, 144-146, 149, 152, 156
  • Green Lantern v.4 #12, 15, 16, 24, 25
  • Green Lantern: Rebirth #1, 2, 4, 6
  • Hawkman v.4 #23-25, 40, 45
  • Identity Crisis #1
  • Impulse: Bart Saves the Universe
  • Infinite Crisis #2-6
  • Ion #7
  • JLA #58
  • JLA: Incarnations #1
  • JLA: Year One #2, 4, 11, 12
  • JSA All-Stars #7
  • JSA: Classified #29
  • Justice League Elite #5-6
  • Justice League of America v.2 #8, 44-48
  • Last Days of the Justice Society Special #1
  • Manhunter v.3 #19
  • Martian Manhunter v.2 #28
  • Outsiders v.3 #37
  • Rann-Thanagar War: Infinite Crisis Special #1
  • Secret Origins v.2 #18, 31, 50
  • Supergirl v.5 #1
  • Superman v.1 #676, 682-683
  • Superman/Batman #4, 13
  • Teen Titans v.3 #21
  • Titans/Young Justice: Graduation Day #3
  • Wonder Woman: Our Worlds at War #1
  • World War III #1, 3, 4
  • Young All-Stars #2, 3, 6-9, 27, 30, 31, Annual #1

As Sentinel:

  • Aquaman v.5 #44
  • Blood Pack #3
  • Book of Fate v.1 #2, 6, 7, 11–12
  • Chase #6, 8
  • Damage #15
  • Fate #5, 11–13, 20–22
  • Final Night #1, 3
  • Flash v.2 #134
  • Flash/Green Lantern: Faster Friends #1
  • Green Lantern v.3 #71, 81, 82, 102, 107–110, 114, 117, 120, 133,
  • Green Lantern/Flash: Faster Friends #1
  • Guy Gardner: Warrior #29, 31, 39, 44
  • Hawkman v.4 #1
  • Hourman #18
  • JLA #28–31, 38, 40
  • JLA/JSA: Virtue & Vice
  • JSA: All Stars #1, 8
  • JSA: Our Worlds at War #1
  • Martian Manhunter v.2 #18–20
  • Showcase '95 #1
  • Sins of Youth: JLA Jr. #1
  • Sins of Youth: Starwoman and the JSA Jr. #1
  • The Spectre v.3 #54, 62
  • Starman v.2 #11, 28, 33–35, 63, 73
  • Stars and S.T.R.I.P.E. #8
  • Superboy v.3 #74
  • Underworld Unleashed #3
  • World's Finest: Our Worlds at War #1
  • Young Justice #20
  • Young Justice: Sins of Youth #1–2, Secret Files #1

 

  • Checkmate v.2 #1–
  • Flash v.2 #268
  • JSA: Classified #32-33

» SERIES:

  • All-American Comics #16-102 (July 1940–Oct. 1948)
  • All-Star Comics #2-7, 10, 24-57 (Fall 1940 – Feb./Mar. 1951)
  • Green Lantern #1–38 (Fall 1941–May/June 1949)
  • Comic Cavalcade #1–29 (Winter 1942/43 – Oct./Nov. 1948)
  • All-Star Comics #58–74 (1976–78)
  • All-Star Squadron, 67 issues (1981–86)
  • America vs. the Justice Society, 4-issue limited series (1985)
  • Justice Society of America,v.1, 8-issue limited series (1991)
  • Justice Society of America,v.2, 10 issues (1992–93)
  • Green Lantern Corps Quarterly, 8 issues (1992-94)
  • Zero Hour: Crisis in Time, 5-issue limited series (1994)
  • Day of Judgment, 5-issue limited series (1999)
  • Golden Age Green Lantern Archives volume 1 (1999; reprints All-American Comics #16-30 and Green Lantern #1 )
  • Underworld: Abyss, Hell’s Sentinel #1 (1995)
  • Green Lantern/Sentinel: Heart of Darkness, 3-issue limited series (1996)
  • JSA, 87 issues (1999-2006)
  • Golden Age Green Lantern Archives volume 2 (2002; reprints All-American Comics #31-38 and Green Lantern #2-3)
  • Justice Society of America v.3, 57 issues (2007–11)
  • JSA vs. Kobra, 6-issue limited series (2009)