JUSTICE SOCIETY OF AMERICA
Created by Roy Thomas and Jerry Ordway
Special thanks to Aaron Severson and John Wells
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Justice League of America #193 (Aug. 1981)
SERIES: All-Star Squadron, 67 issues (1981–87)
Young All-Stars, 31 issues (1987–89)
The All-Star Squadron was a World War II assembly of heroes that went far beyond the membership of the Justice Society. After the bombing of Pearl Harbor, President Roosevelt called all costumed heroes into America's service. The Squadron was initially chaired by Hawkman and the JSA members participated freely. The core of the Squadron, however, was made up of lesser-known heroes like Liberty Belle, Firebrand, Johnny Quick, Hawkgirl, Commander Steel, Robotman and the Shining Knight.
The Squadron was on-hand when the Justice Society was called into a higher level of service, as the Justice Battalion. (All-Star Squadron #21) Such an army of heroes was necessary not only because of the scope of the war, but also because Hitler had acquired the Spear of Destiny. This legendary artifact allowed him to erect a "Sphere of Influence" around Europe and other Axis territories. If any metahuman entered the Sphere, they would immediately fall prey to Hitler's evil.
Thanks to the Ultra-Humanite, the Squad and JSA unwittingly met their own children and successors, Infinity, Inc. The Infinitors traveled back in time to try to stop Ultra, who was working with his own past-self in 1942. (#21-26, Ann. #2)
In February 1942, the All-Star Squadron held their first full meeting in the Perisphere, the former site of the New York World's Fair. The massive gathering was interrupted by Uncle Sam, who told the All-Stars how he and his comrades had tried to stop the attack on Pearl Harbor. Sam then assembled a group of new heroes called the Freedom Fighters. (#31-35)
The Squadron operated throughout the war and in April 1942 even inspired its own spin-off group: the Young All-Stars. This group of young heroes was anchored by the obscure All-Stars Dyna-Mite and Neptune Perkins, and joined by new heroes Iron Munro, Flying Fox and Fury. This group distinguished themselves by defeating Axis Amerika (Young All-Stars #1-6) and saving Albert Einstein from kidnappers. (#21)
Notes for inclusion:
- This membership list includes non-JSA heroes who were featured in the
pages of All-Star Squadron.
- It also includes heroes from pre-Crisis Earth-Q, Earth-X and Earth-S who, at the time of the series' publication, were not official All-Stars. In post-Crisis continuity, heroes of these Earths are now part of mainstream continuity, including the All-Stars.
- Heroes who wore modified military clothing and whose operations were limited to the military/OSS (like Speed Saunders) were never considered members of the All-Star Squadron. » SEE: DC Golden Age Characters • Golden Age DC Magicians
- This list may contain some heroes who are only assumed to have been members.
|LIVING AND/OR ACTIVE||DECEASED||GONE WITH THE CRISIS||STATUS UNKNOWN: These heroes have not appeared in any modern-day in-continuity stories.|
|Member (Real Name)||Joined||Status & Info|
|The Atom (Albert "Al" Pratt)||All-Star Squadron #1||Deceased Zero Hour #3|
|Doctor Mid-Nite (Dr. Charles McNider, Starman II)||Deceased Zero Hour #2|
|Hawkman (Carter Hall)||Active in adventuring|
|Johnny Quick (Johnny Chambers)||Deceased Impulse #11|
|Liberty Belle (Elizabeth "Libby" Lawrence Chambers)||Retired|
|Plastic Man (Patrick "Eel" O'Brian)||Active in adventuring|
|Robotman (Dr. Robert Crane, aka Paul Dennis)||Retired|
|Phantom Lady (Sandra Knight)||All-Star Squadron #2||Retired|
|PEARL HARBOR: THE ORIGINAL FREEDOM FIGHTERS|
|Hourman (Rex Tyler)||All-Star Squadron #31||Semi-retired|
|Invisible Hood (Kent Thurston, Invisible Justice)||Murdered by the Icicle and the Mist, Starman #2|
|Magno (Tom Dalton)||Deceased All-Star Squadron #31|
|Miss America (Joan Dale Trevor, Miss Cosmos)||Active in adventuring|
|Neon the Unknown (Tom Corbet)||Presumed deceased All-Star Squadron #31; revealed alive Uncle Sam & the Freedom Fighters #5|
|Red Torpedo (Jim Lockhart)||Active as a civilian.|
|Uncle Sam (Patriot)||Active in adventuring|
|PEARL HARBOR (Dec. 7, 1941)|
|Batman (Bruce Wayne)||All-Star Squadron #3||Deceased Adventure Comics #462|
|Doctor Fate (Kent Nelson, Nabu)||Deceased Book of Fate #1|
|The Flash (Jason Peter "Jay" Garrick)||Active in adventuring|
|Green Lantern (Alan Wellington Scott, Sentinel)||Active in adventuring|
|Johnny Thunder (Johnny Thunder II & Yz)||Active in adventuring, as the Thunderbolt|
|Robin (Dick Grayson)||Deceased Crisis #12|
|Sandman (Wesley Dodds)||Deceased JSA Secret Files #1|
|Sandy the Golden Boy (Sanderson Hawkins, Sand)||Active in adventuring|
|The Spectre (James Brendan Corrigan)||Deceased Spectre #62|
|Shining Knight (Justin)||Active in adventuring|
|Starman (Ted Knight)||Deceased Starman #72|
|Superman (Kal-L, Clark Kent)||Deceased Infinite Crisis #7|
|Wonder Woman (Diana Prince)||Deceased Infinite Crisis #5|
|Firebrand II (Danette Reilly)||All-Star Squadron #5||Presumed deceased, Stars and S.T.R.I.P.E. #12|
|Hawkgirl (Shiera Sanders Hall)||All-Star Squadron #6||Deceased Zero Hour #3; resurrected Blackest Night #8|
|Commander Steel (Hank Heywood)||All-Star Squadron #8||Murdered, Eclipso #13|
|THE SEVEN SOLDIERS OF VICTORY|
|Crimson Avenger (Lee Walter Travis)||All-Star Squadron #13||Deceased in DC Comics Presents #38|
|Green Arrow (Oliver Queen)||Gone with the Crisis|
|(Alias) The Spider (Tom Ludlow Hallaway)||Killed in Shade #3|
|Speedy (Roy Harper)||Gone with the Crisis|
|Star-Spangled Kid (Sylvester Pemberton, Skyman)||Deceased Infinity Inc. #51|
|Stripesy (Pat Dugan, S.T.R.I.P.E.)||Active as S.T.R.I.P.E.|
|Vigilante (Greg Sanders)||Deceased Seven Soldiers #0; returned Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen Special #1|
|Wing (Wing How)||Deceased Justice League of America #102|
|The Guardian (Jim Harper)||All-Star Squadron Annual #1||Killed, as shown Superman's Pal, Jimmy Olsen Special #1; succeeded by a clone|
|Wildcat (Ted Grant)||Active in the JSA|
|Tarantula (Jonathan Law)||All-Star Squadron #18||Presumed deceased Nightwing #90|
|Amazing-Man (Will Everett)||All-Star Squadron #25||Deceased Justice League America #87|
|Sargon the Sorcerer (John Sargent)||All-Star Squadron #28||Deceased Helmet of Fate: Sargon|
|OPEN CALL — THE FREEDOM FIGHTERS, part deux|
|Air Wave (Larry Jordan)||All-Star Squadron #31||Killed DC Comics Presents #40|
|Black Condor (Richard Grey, Jr., a.k.a. Senator Thomas Wright)||Deceased|
|Doll Man (Darrell Dane)||Semi-active in adventuring|
|Dyna-Mite (Daniel Dunbar)||Semi-retired|
|Firebrand (Rod Reilly)||Deceased Cancelled Comics Cavalcade #2|
|Human Bomb (Roy Lincoln)||Killed by Bizarro, Infinite Crisis #1|
|The Jester (Chuck Lane)||Retired in Opal City|
|Manhunter I (Donald "Dan" Richards)||Murdered Manhunter v.2 #7|
|Manhunter II (Paul Kirk)||Deceased Detective #443|
|Midnight (Dave Clark)||Status Unknown|
|Mister America (Tex Thomson, Americommando)||Presumed deceased National Comics v.2 #1|
|Mister Terrific (Terry Sloane)||Deceased Justice League of America #171|
|The Ray (Langford "Happy" Terrill, Neon II)||Semi-active in adventuring|
|Red Bee (Richard Raleigh)||Deceased All-Star Squadron #35|
|TNT (Thomas "Tex" N. Thomas)||Killed Young All-Stars #1|
|The Whip (Rodney Elwood Gaynor)||Revealed deceased JSA #55|
|Zatara (Giovanni Zatara)||Deceased Swamp Thing #50|
|Aquaman (Arthur Curry)||All-Star Squadron #59||Gone with the Crisis|
|Dr. Occult (Richard Occult)||Active in adventuring|
|THE YOUNG ALL-STARS|
|Flying Fox||Young All-Stars #1||Unknown|
|Fury (Helena Kosmatos)||Active in adventuring|
|Iron Munro (Arnold Munro)||Active in adventuring|
|Neptune Perkins||Deceased Infinite Crisis #3|
|Tsunami (Miya Shimada)||Retired|
|Quicksilver (Max Mercury)||Young All-Stars #2||Lost to the Speed Force|
|The Gay Ghost (Keith Everet)||Young All-Stars #6 (cover only)||Unknown|
|The Ghost Patrol||??|
|Little Boy Blue (Tommy Rogers)||Unknown|
|Hop Harrigan||Young All-Stars #8 (Jan. 1988)||Unknown|
|Tigress (Paula Brooks)||Young All-Stars #9||Retired|
|Fireball (Sonya Chuikov)||Young All-Stars #22||Unknown|
|Phantasmo (Jean-Marc de Villars)||Unknown|
|The Squire (Percival Sheldrake, the Knight)||Killed by his arch-enemy, Springheeled Jack|
|Judomaster (Sgt. Ripley "Rip" Jagger) & Tiger (Tiger Tanaka, Avatar) (Charlton)||Who's Who Update '87 #1||Judomaster deceased Infinite Crisis #7. Tiger now a villain, per The L.A.W. #1|
|POST-All-Star SQUADRON: heroes shown to have involvement, retroactively|
|Wonder Woman III (Hippolyta)||Wonder Woman v.2 #133||Removed from Earth-0 continuity|
|Red Tornado (Mathilda Hunkel)||All-Star 80-Page Giant #1||Retired|
|Merlin (Jock Kellogg)||All-Star Comics v.2 #1||Killed All-Star Comics v.2 #1|
|Tor (James "Jim" Slade)||Killed All-Star Comics v.2 #1|
|The King ("King" Standish)||Star-Spangled Comics v.2 #1||Unknown|
|THE HEROES OF FAWCETT CITY are Generally considered All-Stars (Only Bulletman was shown)|
|Bulletman (Jim Barr)||Starman v.2 #39||Retired|
|Bulletgirl (Susan Kent Barr)||Power of Shazam! #12||Deceased, revealed PoS #43|
|Commando Yank (Chase Yale)||Unknown|
|Ibis (Prince Amentap)||Inactive, Helmet of Fate: Ibis|
|Minute-Man (Jack Weston)||Deceased, per Justice Soceity of America v.3 #3|
|Mister Scarlet (Brian Butler)||Retired|
|Phantom Eagle (Michael "Mickey" Malone)||Unknown|
|Shazam (the Wizard, Jebediah of Canaan)||Deceased Day of Vengeance #6; returned JSofA v.3 #25|
|Spy-Smasher (Alan Armstrong)||Retired|
|Active heroes seen in group settings (and ACTIVE AFTER THE WAR)|
|Blue Beetle (Dan Garrett)||Secret Origins v.2 #2||Deceased, Blue Beetle v.1 #18|
|Captain Triumph (Lance and Michael Gallant)||The Golden Age #1||In prison, Titans #36|
|Merry, Girl of 1,000 Gimmicks (Merry Pemberton)||Starman v.2 #62 (Feb. 2000)||Active|
The following heroes do not have full profiles on Cosmic Teams. The information below provides essentials, such as their publication histories and notes regarding their continuity.
First Appearance: More Fun Comics #73 (Nov. 1941)
Featured Appearances: Adventure Comics #103-280 (Apr. 1946–Jan. 1961) • More Fun Comics #73-107 (Nov. 1941–Jan./Feb. 1946)
Removed from post-Crisis continuity. The Golden Age Aquaman had much more limited powers than his Silver Age successor.
Aquaman was one of few wartime heroes to survive DC's super-hero purge of the early 1950s. DC continued to publish his adventures through the '50s. In pre-Crisis continuity, the Aquaman of the 1950s was considered to have lived on Earth-One.
» SEE ALSO: Aquaman (post-Crisis)
First Appearance: More Fun Comics #73 (Nov. 1941)
- More Fun Comics #73–107 (Nov. 1941–Jan./Feb. 1946)
- Leading Comics #1–14 (Winter 1941–Spring 1945)
- World's Finest Comics #7–136 (most issues, Fall 1942–Sept. 1963)
- Adventure Comics #103-249 (Apr. 1946–June 1958)
All Golden Age adventures of Green Arrow and Speedy were retroactively eliminated from continuity by the Crisis on Infinite Earths.
Green Arrow and Speedy were some of few wartime heroes to survive DC's super-hero purge of the early 1950s. DC continued to publish their adventures through the '50s, in Adventure Comics. In pre-Crisis continuity, thhis 50s pair were considered to have lived on Earth-One.
The "Earth-One," or Silver Age Green Arrow and Speedy are considered to have debuted in Adventure Comics #250 (July 1958), when Jack Kirby began on the feature.
Manhunter II (Paul Kirk)
First Appearance: Adventure Comics #73 (April 1942)
Featured Appearances: Adventure Comics #73-92 (April 1942–June/July 1944) Detective Comics #437-443.
Paul Kirk died for the first time while on a hunting trip in Africa (1946). He was revived by the Council, whom he eventually came to oppose. He sacrificed his life to destroy the Council in Detective Comics #443. Two of his clones have taken the name Manhunter as well. One served as a double agent in the Secret Society of Super-Villains (Manhunter IV). And his last remaining clone is active today with the Power Company under the name of Kirk DePaul (VI). Between the time of the two clones, both Mark Shaw (III) and Chase Lawler (V) have also used the name. He was involved for a time with the Tigress, before her turn to crime.
NOTES: A previous strip, "Paul Kirk, Manhunter," ran in Adventure Comics #58-72. In it, Kirk did not call himself "manhunter," that was merely his occupation. This plainclothes character bore little resemblance to the costumed Simon and Kirby character who debuted in #73. Simon and Kirby gave a similar makeover to the Sandman. Read more about it in an article at Comic Book Resources.
Robotman (Dr. Robert Crane, Paul Dennis)
First Appearance: Star-Spangled Comics #7 (April 1942).
Dr. Charles "Chuck" Grayson: Star-Spangled Comics #7 (Apr. 1942).
Robbie the Robot Dog: Star-Spangled Comics #25 (Oct. 1943)
- Detective Comics #138-202 (August 1948–Dec. 1953)
- Star-Spangled Comics #7-82 (Apr. 1942–July 1948)
- All-Star Squadron, 67 issues (1981–87)
» FEATURED APPEARANCES:
- DC Comics Presents #31 (1981)
- Justice League of America v.1 #144, 193
- Stars and S.T.R.I.P.E. #8
Robotman was originally Robert Crane; after his transformation, he adopted the human alter ego of Paul Dennis. His brain was later transplanted into body of Chuck Grayson. Grayson helped Pat Dugan (Stripesy) with modifications to his new exo-suit, S.T.R.I.P.E. (Stars & S.T.R.I.P.E. #8)
Oddly, Robotman was one of few wartime heroes to survive DC's super-hero purge of the early 1950s. DC continued to publish his adventures into the '50s, in Detective Comics.
He is succeeded by Cliff Steele, the Robotman of the Doom Patrol.
First Appearance: Star-Spangled Comics #1 (Oct. 1940)
Featured Appearances: Star-Spangled Comics #1-19 (Oct. 1940–April 1943)
Retired in Gotham City. Writing fiction. Though he appeared as an adventurer on the cover of Nightwing #40, this was a fantasy; he is no longer capable of adventuring.
Law was presumed deceased when Blockbuster blew up his residence; no body was ever found. (Nightwing #90) A funeral was held for him regardless. (#91) Succeeded by Catalina Flores, who operated out of Blüdhaven. (Nightwing #71, 75)
Read here about another curious Tarantula (not in current continuity).
First Appearance, as Huntress: Sensation Comics #68 (Aug. 1947)
As Tigress: Young All-Stars #6 (Nov. 1987)
Paula began her career in order to get closer to her hero, Paul Kirk the Manhunter. From an early age, she emulated his skills with a bow and arrow and become a formidable huntress. She also studied jujitsu with her parents' Japanese gardner. At age eighteen, Paula took flight as the Tigress and approached the Manhunter. (Young All-Stars #6) She hoped that he would be impressed by her and sponsor her for membership in the All-Star Squadron. The All-Stars were in the midst of a mission and Paula did in deed prove herself worthy. She was granted provisional membership in the group. (#7)
During a battle with Axis Amerika, the Tigress was impaled on an arrow and died. (#23) The Valkyrie called Gudra moved to take Paula's soul to the afterlife, but instead she made a bargain with Iron Munro. Munro agreed to spare the Übermensch's life if Gudra restored the Tigress to life. Gudra agreed, but warned that the journey back from death "leaves no one untouched." (#24-25)
She was right; Paula was never the same. She immediately left the All-Stars, (#26) to begin down the path led towards her to villainy as the first Huntress. It is suggested that Paula had sexual relationships with Paul Kirk (Manhunter) and Wildcat. She later married the Sportsmaster and participated in the Injustice Society. They have a daughter, Artemis (Tigress III). She and Sportsmaster are often (inexplicably) depicted more youthfully than is reasonable. It is possible that they benefit from the Council's genetic engineering knowledge (the Council used the Sportsmaster as the template for their clones after Manhunter's clones were destroyed).
Last seen as Huntress in Young Justice #25. Also appeared in the Elseworlds The Golden Age.
First Appearance: Flash Comics #1 (Jan. 1940)
Featured Appearances: Flash Comics #1–55 (Jan. 1940–July 1944) JSA #55 Sensation Comics #43 Young All-Stars #27
The Whip's last Golden Age appearance was in 1945. (Sensation #43) There is a memorial statue of him at JSA headquarters. (JSA #55) The circumstances of his death are unrevealed. He was succeeded as the Whip by his granddaughter, Shelly Gaynor. She was killed along with the Vigilante's new "Seven Soldiers" battling the Sheeda. (Seven Soldiers Special #0)
» SEE ALSO:
- Fawcett City Heroes
- Freedom Fighters (Quality Comics heroes)
- Quality Comics Heroes
- Seven Soldiers of Victory
- JSA Villains