JUSTICE SOCIETY OF AMERICA

JSA Chronology

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Part 5: Postwar

Sequence of Events Issue (Date)
55 Years Ago
Jor-El and Lara of Krypton launch their son Kal-El towards Earth. NOTES: Date based on Action #600 (5 years ago), when a wave of kryptonite radiation reached Earth. In other words, Krypton was 50 light years away. Superman Secret Files #1 (1.98)
1946
In the wake of World War Two, the American Talisman is shattered and Uncle Sam disappears. NOTE: In post-Crisis continuity all postwar appearances of Uncle Sam should be considered apocryphal. Spectre v.3 #38 (2.96)
The Sandman and Sandy investigate "The Dreams of Peter Green." NOTE: Last Golden Age appearance of Sandman and Sandy, still wearing their gold costumes. Adventure #102 (2.46)
Retiring as Manhunter II, Paul Kirk returns to his life as a big game hunter. Shortly afterward, on safari in Africa, he is killed by a charging elephant. His body is retrieved by agents of the Council, a conspiratorial organization headed by Dr. Anatol Mykros, a scientist Kirk rescued from the Nazis in 1945. Placed in cryogenic suspension, Kirk's body is repaired over the next few decades. NOTES: Thrilling Comics v.2 #1 (1999) indicated that in 1945 Paul Kirk was working with the Tigress to control her antisocial tendencies. It failed, though, as she became the villainous Huntress in 1947. Detective #439 (2-3.74)
Wesley Dodds suffers his first heart attack. America vs. the JSA #3 (3.85)
Starman defeats Shiver and the Meteor Mob. NOTE: Starman's last Golden Age solo appearance. Adventure #102 (2.46)
"The Paintings That Walked the Earth": The JSA battles artist Nels Farrow, who murders his rivals with magic paint that makes his paintings come to life. All-Star Comics #28 (4-5.46)
Hawkman befriends the winged inhabitants of the hidden city of Feithera. NOTES: Hawkman's godson Norda (Northwind of Infinity, Inc.) is from Feithera. Reprinted in Infinity, Inc. #4 (1984). Flash v.1 #71 (5.46)
"The Man Who Knew Too Much": The JSA fights Landor, a thrill-seeker from the year 2446. All-Star Comics #29 (6-7.46)
Alan Scott becomes the manager of radio station WXYZ. NOTE: WXYZ was also the name of the famous Detroit station on which "The Green Hornet" was originally broadcast. Green Lantern v.1 #20 (6-7.46)
"The Dreams of Madness": Brain Wave subjects the JSA to bizarre dreams intended to drive them insane. NOTES: This was, by most accounts, the single most bizarre of all JSA adventures. All-Star Comics #30 (8-9.46)
"The Workshop of Willie Wonder": The JSA battles Zor, an alien creature who possesses the body of an old toy maker. NOTE: This Zor (Zor II) should not be confuse with Zor I, who fought the Spectre in More Fun Comics #55 (1940). All-Star Comics #31 (10-11.46)
"The Return of the Psycho-Pirate": The JSA fights the Psycho-Pirate. NOTES: A third Psycho-Pirate story, "The Will of William Wilson," was partially completed but not published. One page appeared in Last Days of the JSA (1986). All-Star Comics #32 (12.46-1.47)
1947
Early 1947: Jay Garrick (Flash I) marries his longtime sweetheart, Joan Williams. During their honeymoon in Las Vegas, the JSA pay an impromptu visit. The Flash helps the JSA defeat the Fiddler, the Shade, and the Thinker and unknowingly provides a windfall to his old friends, the Three Dimwits. NOTES: Before this story, Flash's wedding had been dated around 1948 (Flash v2 #134). Hourman and Wildcat appear with the JSA, although they were not active with the team at this time. The JSA Sourcebook says Jay was the first JSAer to wed. Flash v.2 #161 (6.00)
Kent Nelson marries Inza Cramer, who takes up residence in Dr. Fate's tower in Salem, Massachusetts. He later gives up his career as a physician to follow in his father's footsteps as an archaeologist. NOTE: The exact date of these events has not been established. Flash v.1 #306 (2.82)
While experimenting with a "silicoid" gun, Wesley Dodds accidentally turns Sandy Hawkins into a monster. He imprisons Sandy in his basement and retires as the Sandman. NOTE: The date of this event was established by JSA Secret Files #1 (1999). JLofA #113 (9-10.74)
"The Revenge of Solomon Grundy": Seeking revenge on Green Lantern, Solomon Grundy takes on the entire JSA. NOTES: This adventure was reprinted in Super-Team Family #4 and retold in Infinity, Inc. #39 (1987). All-Star Comics #33 (2-3.47)
Mr. Terrific thwarts a gangster engaged in jury tampering. NOTE: This was the final Golden Age appearance of Mr. Terrific. Sensation #63 (3.47)
Hawkman and Neptune Perkins travel to the Venus of an alternate dimension. NOTE: This was the second and final Golden Age appearance of Neptune Perkins. Flash v.1 #81 (3.47)
March 1947: President Truman institutes the Federal Employee Loyalty Program, requiring loyalty oaths and background checks for U.S. government employees.
"The Wiles of the Wizard": The Wizard becomes convinced that the JSA is a group of clever criminals ? and wants to join them! NOTE: Johnny Thunder does not appear in this story. All-Star Comics #34 (4-5.47)
Green Lantern clashes with Crusher Crock. NOTE: Crock later became the Sportsmaster. All-American #85 (5.47)
Wildcat battles the Yellow Wasp. NOTE: This was the Yellow Wasp's final Golden Age appearance and the only Wildcat story drawn by Joe Kubert. Sensation #66 (6.47)
"The Day That Dropped Out of Time": Per Degaton (1st app. in print) shoots Professor Zee, steals his time machine, and changes history by altering the outcome of the Battle of Arbela in 331 B.C. The JSA saves Zee's life and travels back in time to undo Degaton's tampering. NOTES: Johnny Thunder does not appear in this story. Reprinted in Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #21 (1982). All-Star Comics #35 (6-7.47)
Per Degaton regains his memory. He kills Professor Zee (for the second time), steals his time machine, and attempts to conquer the world in 1941. After his defeat, he is again returned to his own era and stripped of his memory. A*SQ #1-3 (9-11.81)
Degaton regains his memory and shoots Professor Zee for the fourth time. Zee stumbles back into his time machine, sending him forward in time to the day of his own 100th birthday. While lunging for the time machine, Degaton is split into two chronal duplicates. One version remains in 1947, while the other is transported with the time machine to the future. NOTES: The pre-Crisis account appeared in America vs. The JSA #4, the post-Crisis account in Young All-Stars Annual #1 and Infinity, Inc. Annual #2. America vs. the JSA #4 (4.85), YAS Annual #1 (1988), INF Annual #2 (1988)
Dinah Drake becomes Black Canary I and becomes the crimefighting partner of Johnny Thunder. NOTES: Black Canary I's name was given as "Diana" in JLA: Year One (1998), Black Canary/Oracle #1 (1996) and Starman #37 (12.97). Though this was a deliberate editorial change meant to differentiate her from her daughter, its use is inconsistent. JSA Secret Files #1 (1999) once again gave her name as Dinah, and the JSA Sourcebook lists her name as Dinah "Diana" Drake. Flash v.1 #86 (8.47), Secret Origins #50 (8.90)
Wildcat battles Huntress I (1st app. in print). NOTE: The JSA Sourcebook verifies that she is Paula Brooks (the Tigress). Sensation #68 (8.47)
Green Lantern takes on the Sky-Pirate. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (8-9.47)
Ted Grant (Wildcat) and his girlfriend Irina have a son, Jake, who is kidnapped shortly after birth by Wildcat's old enemy, the Yellow Wasp. Neither the child nor the Yellow Wasp is ever seen again. NOTES: In a movable timeline, this date may be more like the late 1960s, to allow for Jake and his step-brother (the Killer Wasp) to be younger. The Yellow Wasp first appeared in Sensation Comics #20 (8.43). The date was established by JSA Secret Files #1, which incorrectly refers to the Yellow Wasp as the Golden Wasp. Secret Origins #50 (8.90), JSA Secret Files #1 (8.99)
The Yellow Wasp raises Jake Grant as his own. At some point, the Wasp's other son becomes jealous of their closeness and kills them both. This second son later becomes the Killer Wasp and joins Johnny Sorrow's Injustice Society. JSA3 #21 (4.01), JSA Secret Files #2
"Five Drowned Men": The JSA encounters the Koehaha, a.k.a. the Stream of Ruthlessness, which strips people of their conscience. NOTES: The Stream of Ruthlessness reappears in Infinity, Inc. #3 (1984). This story was the first time Superman, Batman, and Wonder Woman appeared together in print. Reprinted in Best of DC Blue Ribbon Digest #3 (1980). All-Star Comics #36 (8-9.47)
Green Lantern's foe Crusher Crock dubs himself the Sportsmaster. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (8-9.47)
Molly Mayne becomes Alan Scott's secretary at WXYZ. In order to attract the attention of the Green Lantern, she becomes the costumed criminal called the Harlequin. All-American #89 (9.47)
October 1947: A group of screenwriters and directors known as the "Hollywood Ten" is forced to appear before the House Un-American Activities Committee (HUAC) and answer questions about their connections with the Communist Party. All are subsequently blacklisted in Hollywood, virtually ending their careers.
Hawkman takes on the spirit of Gentleman Jim Craddock, the Gentleman Ghost. Flash v.1 #88 (10.47)
Green Lantern battles the Icicle (1st app. In print). All-American #90 (10.47)
Green Lantern encounters Knodar, the so-called Last Criminal, a time traveler from the 25th century. Green Lantern v.1 #28 (10-11.47)
"The Injustice Society of the World": The Wizard enlists the Brain Wave, the Gambler, Per Degaton, the Thinker, and Vandal Savage to join the Injustice Society of the World. NOTES: Reprinted in DC Super Spectacular #17 (1973). All-Star Comics #37 (10-11.47)
The Flash first encounters Rose Canton and her psychotic alternate personality, the Thorn, unaware that they are the same person. Flash v.1 #89 (11.47)
"History's Crime Wave": The male members of the JSA are apparently slain by a museum guard possessed by the personalities of history's greatest villains. They are saved by Black Canary. NOTES: This was Black Canary's first appearance with the JSA and was originally Wonder Woman's first case as an active member rather than as secretary. Also included an appearance by her Purple Healing Ray. All-Star Comics #38 (12.47-1.48)
Flash battles the Fiddler (1st app. In print). All-Flash #32 (12.47-1.48)
1948
Johnny Thunder and Black Canary investigate the mystery of "The Tumbling Trees." Black Canary meets private detective Larry Lance, whom she eventually marries. NOTES: This was Johnny and his Thunderbolt's last Golden Age appearance. The second story was Black Canary's first solo adventure and she took over Johnny's strip. Flash v.1 #91 (1.48)
Merry, the adoptive sister of Sylvester Pemberton (the Star-Spangled Kid) becomes Merry, Girl of a Thousand Gimmicks. NOTES: Merry took over Star-Spangled Kid's strip after Star-Spangled Comics #84 (1948). Star-Spangled #81-82 (1-2.48)
In the "latter part of the JSA's first decade," they share an adventure with several All-Stars including the Gay Ghost, Captain Triumph, Doll Man and Merry. They battle the Shade, Grundy, Icicle, Brain Wave and the Wizard. JSAers include Johnny Thunder, Starman, Wildcat and Flash. NOTE: First modern appearance of the Gay Ghost, whose last Golden Age app. was Sensation #38 (February 1945). Starman v.2 #62 (2.00)
"The Invasion From Fairyland": The JSA travels to Fairyland to battle Lorelei and an army of mythical creatures. NOTES: Last Golden Age appearance of Johnny Thunder. Retold in Infinity, Inc. #50 (1988) with Miss America replacing Wonder Woman. All-Star Comics #39 (2-3.48), Infinity Inc. #50 (5.88)
Johnny Thunder retires from crimefighting, realizing that he is losing control of his Thunderbolt. America vs. the JSA #3 (3.85)
March 1948: Villainy Inc. appear again at Ft. Church Naval Base, this time sans the Snow Man and Eviless. NOTE: It is unclear if this story was meant to completely replace the original tale from Wonder Woman #28. Wonder Woman: Our Worlds at War #1 (10.01)
"The Plight of a Nation": The JSA helps a group of juvenile delinquents avoid a life of crime. NOTE: Reprinted in Justice League of America #110 (1973). All-Star Comics #40 (4-5.48)
"The Case of the Patriotic Crimes": The JSA are mentally enslaved by a new Injustice Society: the Fiddler, Harlequin, Huntress, the Icicle, Sportsmaster, and the Wizard. The Harlequin betrays her criminal comrades to help Black Canary free the JSA. Black Canary becomes a full member of the JSA. NOTE: This was historically the first time the Atom demonstrated super-strength. Reprinted in Justice League of America #113 (1974) and the JLA 100-Page Super Spectacular (1999). All-Star Comics #41 (6-7.48)
The Atom and Hawkman adopt new costumes. NOTES: According to various issues of All-Star Squadron, the Atom's costume was inspired by that of Cyclotron. Adventure Comics v2 #1 (1999) indicated that the Atom designed this costume in 1945, but did not adopt it until years later. Flash v.1 #98 (8.48)
"The Man Who Hated Science": The JSA battles Professor Zabor Zodiac, the Alchemist. NOTES: This was the Atom and Hawkman's first JSA mission with their new costumes. All-Star Comics #42 (8-9.48)
Vandal Savage forms the corporation Symbolix, which uses cell samples of the JSA and other heroes in an attempt to distill the superhuman potential of the Golden Age heroes. Damage #12 (4.95)
Dr. Mid-Nite battles Revelk. NOTE: This was Dr. Mid-Nite's last Golden Age solo appearance. All-American #102 (10.48)
"The Secret of the Golden Universe": The JSA stop Aurikon from conquering a parallel world called the Golden Universe. All-Star Comics #43 (10-11.48)
Green Lantern learns that the Harlequin is now an undercover agent for the FBI. Green Lantern v.1 #34 (10-11.48)
July 17, 1948: A humble shop owner becomes horrified and disillusioned after seeing Green Lantern defeated in a public melee with the Sportsmaster — the episode that destroyed his storefront. The man becomes unhinged and uses the Sportsmaster's wooden baseball bat to kill a number of people, including Gotham City's Mayor Thorndike. After a battle with Solomon Grundy, Green Lantern finds the mayor's body of at the base of a new statue of Green Lantern erected by the city only a week earlier. Though the man is sent to Arkham Asylum, his involvement with the murders is not discovered. Decades later, the man's grandson tries to follow in his footsteps, but is defeated by Batman and Green Lantern. Afterwards, Alan gives the bat to Batman as a trophy. Detective #784-785 (8-9.03)
J. Edgar Hoover attempts to convince the Flash to work with the FBI against domestic Communism. The Flash discovers that the FBI considers his alter ego Jay Garrick and his good friend Elliott Shapiro to be potential subversives. Flash Special #1 (1990)
Late October 1948: The Seven Soldiers of Victory are betrayed by their comrade the Spider. Following a battle with the Nebula Man, they are scattered throughout time. Both the Crimson Avenger's partner Wing and Vigilante's partner Billy Gunn perish. NOTES: The date was established in Infinity, Inc. #3 (1984). JLofA #100-102 (8-10.72), Stars & S.T.R.I.P.E. #9 (4.00)
"Evil Star Over Hollywood": In Los Angeles, the JSA battles Evil Star, a crime boss attempting to stop a movie about his nefarious deeds. NOTES: The studio featured in this story, Stellar Studios, was later purchased by Sylvester Pemberton, the Star-Spangled Kid. This issue was reprinted in Justice League of America #115 (1975). All-Star Comics #44 (12.48-1.49)
1949
The Flash confronts The Rival, one of his teachers from Midwestern University, who has created a formula to temporarily duplicate the Flash's powers. Meanwhile, the Atom solves the mystery of "The Vanishing Lighthouse," the Black Canary defeats a murderous college professor, and Hawkman investigates "The Flaming Darkness." NOTES: Final Golden Age issue of Flash Comics and the last Golden Age solo appearances of these characters. Flash v.1 #104 (2.49)
In Berlin, Janos Prohaska (Blackhawk) and his men discover a duplicate of Green Lantern's magical power battery. The battery is eventually taken, along with other captured Nazi memorabilia, to a Metropolis museum. NOTES: The story implies that corpses of what are apparently doppelgangers of the original JSA were also in the same bunker. No explanation was provided. Green Lantern/Superman: Legend of the Green Flame (2000)
The Flash discovers that Rose Canton and the Thorn are one and the same. He and Green Lantern take her for treatment. NOTES: This story was written for Flash Comics #107, but the series was canceled before the story was published. Two pages were later printed in Lois Lane #113 and two more pages appear in issue #6 of Alter Ego magazine. Also included Wonder Woman. Lois Lane #113 (9-10.71)
"The Case of the Cosmic Criminals": The JSA is menaced by Dr. Egri, who uses cosmic energy to give a group of ordinary crooks super-powers. NOTE: The JSA moved its headquarters from Gotham City to Civic City in this story, where it remained for the rest of the Golden Age. All-Star Comics #45 (2-3.49)
"The Adventure of the Invisible Band": The JSA's efforts to catch a group of criminals are complicated when amateur detective Elmer Doolittle concludes that the JSAers are the real crooks. All-Star Comics #46 (4-5.49)
Green Lantern fights Mr. Paradox. NOTE: Final issue of Green Lantern's own series and his last Golden Age solo appearance. Green Lantern v.1 #38 (5-6.49)
Wildcat defeats a gang of counterfeiters. NOTE: This was the last Golden Age appearance of Wildcat. Sensation #90 (6.49)
"The Ghost of Billy the Kid": The JSA battles a rodeo star claiming to be the reincarnation of the legendary outlaw. All-Star Comics #47 (6-7.49)
"The Strange Lives of Edmund Blake": By showing him visions of various possible futures, the JSA helps a dying boy named Edmund Blake find the will to live. NOTE: The images of the future seen in this issue show the JSA in action in the 1950s, although it would be long disbanded by then. All-Star Comics #48 (8-9.49)
"The Invasion of the Fire People": The JSA stops an alien invasion by flame beings from the Yellow Comet. All-Star Comics #49 (10-11.49)
"Prophecy of Peril": The JSA battles Mr. Alpha, who ultimately is revealed as Fred Kincaid, a former college classmate of Jay Garrick. All-Star Comics #50 (12.49-1.50)
Over 50 years ago: Hawkman, Black Canary, Wildcat, and Dr. Fate fights Ravenna in the Kuaka territory of Rheelasia. She possessed the amulet of Animha M'nhda which allowed her to control animals. Robin 80-Page Giant #1 (9.00)
1950
IMAGINARY STORY: March 25, 1950: Green Lantern and the Sandman rescue the Atom from the Wizard. NOTE: This was a tale from a comic book read by Vandal Savage. It's unclear whether it "really" happened. Unlikely, as the Atom is depicted without super-strength and Wes reitred in 1947 after Sandy's transformation. JSA: Classified #11 (6.06)
"Invaders From the World Below": The JSA battles a race of diamond creatures from inside the Earth. All-Star Comics #51 (2-3.50)
"The Secret Conquest of Earth": The JSA stops four prehistoric kings, revived after many millennia, from starting World War 3. NOTE: The JSA was put into a trance for an entire year in this story, which is not accounted for in modern accounts of the JSA's history. All-Star Comics #52 (4-5.50)
"The Gun That Dropped Through Time": After Dr. James Swanley of the Time Trust (1st app. In print), is murdered, the JSA uses his Time Chute to retrieve the murder weapon from the distant past. All-Star Comics #53 (6-7.50)
"The Circus of a Thousand Thrills": The JSA investigates a corrupt traveling circus. All-Star Comics #54 (8-9.50)
"The Man Who Conquered the Solar System": Prof. Elwood Napier (1st app. In print), under the mental influence of a strange alien helmet, attempts to conquer the planets of the solar system. NOTES: Napier's first chronological appearance was in All-Star Squadron #12 (1982). America vs. The Justice Society #4 established that this adventure took place in an alternate dimension where all of the planets were habitable. All-Star Comics #55 (10-11.50)
"The Day the World Ended": The JSA travels to the 31st century to save humanity from Knelo and his race of shape-changing Chameleons. All-Star Comics #56 (12.50-1.51)
VENGEANCE FROM THE STARS, the first JSA mini-series:
While working at the Mt. Pride Observatory, Ted Knight is captured by Vandal Savage and Solomon Grundy. The Flash battles the living constellation Orion. JSA #1 (4.91)
Black Canary fights Solomon Grundy and the living constellation Sagittarius. NOTE: This story reveals that Alan Scott is now the vice president and general manager of Gotham Broadcasting Company. JSA #2 (5.91)
Sagittarius captures Black Canary and Green Lantern. JSA #3 (6.91)
Hawkman fights the living constellation Andromeda. JSA #4 (7.91)
The Flash and Hawkman defeat Andromeda and Orion, but are beaten by Vandal Savage — now wielding Starman's Gravity Rod. JSA #5 (8.91)
Green Lantern defeats Sagittarius. He and Black Canary join Flash and Hawkman to confront Vandal Savage and Solomon Grundy. JSA #6 (9.91)
Vandal Savage uses the Gravity Rod to seize control of the living constellations. JSA #7 (10.91)
Ted Knight constructs an improved Cosmic Rod to defeat Vandal Savage and the living constellations. He resumes his role as Starman and rejoins the JSA. NOTES: The Flash mentions his fiancee in this issue; however, according to the later Flash v2 #161, he and Joan Williams were married in 1947. JSA #8 (11.91)
ELSEWORLDS: 1946-1950: After successfully transferring his brain into the body of Mister America in 1945, the Ultra-Humanite rises in political power and develops a way to create a "superman." He transplants the brain of Adolf Hitler into Dan Dunbar, creating a new American hero, Dyaman. "Tex Thompson" is betrayed by his wife, Miss America, who finds his journals and gives them to her old All-Star friends. The story references January 1950, when Alan Scott is summoned to the HUAC hearings. NOTES: Although this was an "Elseworlds" series, it's themes were powerful enough to make it into mainstream comics as well. The most prominent of these is James Robinson's Starman, which he continued to develop in 1994's Starman series. Other things introduced include the potential evil in Captain Triumph (1st modern app.) and the fall of the Tigress. It features first-time DC appearances of Joe Hercules, Stormy Foster, Wildfire and Madame Fatal and other obscure heroes like Captain X. The Golden Age #1-4 (1993)
1950: The Red Tornado testifies against the Yellow Mask Mob and enters the witness protection program. The Feds help her fake her death, and she is separated from her family. The members of the Justice Society continue to visit her once yearly. NOTES: It is unclear whether she was separated from her husband as well. The time and circumstance of her husband's death have not been revealed. Her last Golden Age appearance was All-American #59 (1944). JSA3 #55 (2.04)
With the help of Johnny Thunder, Hippolyta defeats the Dark Angel for the last time. Adventure 80-Page Giant #1 (10.98)
"Mystery of the Vanishing Detectives": The JSA rescues four kidnapped detectives from the Key, who apparently jumps to his death. NOTE: This was the final Golden Age JSA story and the last Golden Age appearance of the Atom, Black Canary, Dr. Mid-Nite, the Flash, Green Lantern, and Hawkman. DC only continued publishing Superman, Wonder Woman, Batman, and Robin, along with Aquaman, Green Arrow and Speedy, Johnny Quick, Robotman and the Vigilante. This Key may be the same villain who later menaces the JLofA. All-Star Comics #57 (2-3.51)
Ma Hunkel, the Red Tornado, testifies against the Yellow Mask Mob and enters the witness protection program. The Feds help her fake her death, and she is separated from her family. The members of the Justice Society keep her secret and visit her every year thereafter. JSA3 #55 (2.04)
1951: The JSA Disbands
1951: Ted Knight's girlfriend, Doris Lee, is murdered. Wracked by guilt over her death and over his involvement in the creation of the atomic bomb, Ted suffers a mental breakdown. He leaves Opal City for a year, finally seeking psychiatric treament. NOTE: The pre-Crisis account was in America vs. the JSA, the post-Crisis version in Starman Secret Files. Date of the murder confirmed in Starman #77. America vs. the JSA #3 (3.85), Starman Secret Files #1 (4.98), Starman v.2 #77 (5.01)
Charles McNider (Dr. Mid-Nite), with the help of Paul Dennis/Bob Crane (Robotman) and Jim Lockhart (the Red Torpedo) decides to use Ted's technology to create a new champion for Opal City — Starman II. When David Knight, Ted's future son, mysteriously appears in Opal, McNider trains him to become Starman. NOTES: David was transported here from the moment of his death in the future, courtesy of the magic of Kent Nelson (Dr. Fate), as revealed in Starman #76 (4.01). Starman II may be inspired by a pre-Crisis Batman story. In Detective #247 (1957), "The Man Who Ended Batman's Career," mad scientist Professor Milo causes Batman to develop a phobia against bats. Unable to continue as Batman, he adopts the identity of "Starman," armed with an array of star-gizmos, including a star-shaped aircraft. Starman v.2 #77 (5.01)
Starman (David Knight) pursues but fails to capture Bobo Bennetti. Starman v.2 80-Page Giant #1 (1.99)
1951: The Spectre emerges from Jim Corrigan for one night only, to visit Alice Holland (the mother of Alec Holland/Swamp Thing) on the night before Alec's birth. He warns her against the Swamp Thing's future involvement with the Word. Swamp Thing #147 (10.94)
Perry Carter reveals to Carter and Shiera Hall that he is secretly Paran Katar of Thanagar. He confesses his role in developing Carter's Nth metal and gives him an experimental teleportation device as a parting gift. Paran Katar returns to Thanagar, where Carter Hall inspires him to found a flying police force, the Wingmen. The Thanagarian teleportation technology later becomes the basis for the JLA's teleportation system. NOTES: This story revealed that Carter and Shiera were married sometime prior to the disbanding of the JSA. The precise date has not been established. Hawkworld #21 (3.92)
Mr. Terrific resigns from the JSA in order to search for his missing brother, Ned, in New Orleans. NOTE: This tale was mentioned by Hawkman, but never told in a story. JSA #68 (2.05)
Her powers waning, Joan Dale retires from adventuring as Miss America and marries Admiral Derek Trevor. Infinity Inc. #48 (3.88)
Howard Lorenzen, saved in 1942 by the JSA, but disfigured, goes to work for Senator McCarthy in the Department of Justice. He is asked to deliver the summons to JSA headquarters to appear in front of HUAC but arrives just as Brain Wave attacks. He distracts the villain, never delivered the summons, and resigns. (JSA 80-Page Giant 2011 #1, 8.11)
October 13, 1951, "The Man Who Defeated the Justice Society": After nearly being killed by Eliminations, Inc., the JSA is called to appear before the House Committee on Un-American Activities (HUAC) on charges of consorting with a foreign agent. Rather than unmask themselves, Green Lantern dramatically whisks them away from the hearing. All these events were orchestrated by Per Degaton. Also, Argent (precursor to the Suicide Squad) is shown battling the Sportsmaster. NOTE: The version in JSofA #50 has the team walking away, and names Senator Eagin as the chair of the Committee. That version has no Wonder Woman or Hippolyta. Adventure #466 (11-12.79), JSA #68 (2.05), JSofA v.3 #50 (6.11)
JSA/JSA
Part 1: After the HUAC hearing, the JSA decides to disband. NOTE: Hawkman mentions that Sandman, Mr. Terrific, Starman, Wildcan and Hourman had already resigned or retired from the JSA. JSA #68 (2.05)
Hippolyta returns to her rightful "home time," decades hence. NOTE: Hippolyta has appeared in a few flashbacks to some JLA/JSA team-ups, which may suggest that she made several time stops along the way back to the future; but there has been no explicit evidence of this. Wonder Woman v.2 #133 (5.98)
Prelude, October 17, 1951: Having tried operating covertly, the Atom vows to give up his masked adventures for good. JSA #67 (1.05)
Part 2, October 28, 1951: Future members of the JSA arrive to try to convince their predecessors to join them and Rip Hunter against Per Degaton. Ted Knight is still in treatment, Terry Sloane is off to rescue his brother from a kidnapper named Roulette, Al Pratt and Mary James are engaged, and Charles McNider is dating Myra Mason. JSA #69 (3.05)
Part 3, October 28, 1951: Terry Sloane tracks his brother to New Orleans but discovers that Ned has left the city. Instead he meets Debra Sinclair (Roulette), who reveals that she has borne a daughter, Veronica, by Ned. Mobsters blackmail the Atom into doing their dirty work. Chronos attempts to help stop Degaton, but he is erased from the timeline. JSA #70 (4.05)
Part 4, October 29, 1951: The two JSAs successfully unite and learn of Degaton's plot to assassinate President Truman. JSA #71 (5.05)
Part 5, October 30, 1951: Degaton starts a nuclear reaction within the Atom. Hourman gives his tachyon-filled hourglass to Atom-Smasher, who then punches Degaton and disrupts his powers. Rip Hunter arrives to take the future team back home. Afterwards, the 1951 JSA forget all these events. Stargirl's fully-grown sister appears, calling herself Starwoman. NOTES: Presumably following this, Starman returns to finish treatment for his mental problems. Starwoman mentions her brother Mike and someone named Tyler. JSA #72 (6.05)
Al Pratt (the Atom) proposes to his college girlfriend, Mary James. They marry a year later. JSA #72 (6.05)
The Flash announces his retirement, leaving Keystone City in the hands of the Spider. The Shade discovers that the Spider is a criminal and kills him before he can murder Jay and Joan Garrick; the press attributes his actions to Dr. Mid-Nite. The Flash resumes his heroic career. The Shade #3 (6.97)
Jack Knight appears from the future in Opal City and discovers that his brother David is acting as Starman. They join forces against the original Mist. When Jack Knight inquires why the JSA is active after HUAC, Hourman says: "We disappeared. But crime... the bad guys, they didn't disappear too." Starman v.2 #76-77 (4-5.01)
Jack and David Knight, aided by Hourman, Charles McNider and Wesley Dodds, attempt to stop the Mist from terrorizing Opal City with LSD. The Mist is stopped but escapes. Thom Kallor (Star Boy/Starman VIII) returns Jack to the future. Starman v.2 #78-79 (6-7.01)
1952
Jan. 2, 1952: The new Starman (David Knight) disappears. NOTE: The Secret Files timeline contradicts itself here. It says that the new Starman protects Opal City while Ted Knight is gone throughout 1951, and that the new Starman then disappears on Jan. 2, 1951. That would leave 2 days for David Knight's adventures. I assume it should read "1952." Starman Secret Files (4.98)
Ted Knight resumes his role as Starman after Jack and David's departure. A year later, he marries Adele Doris Drew. NOTE: The Golden Age series (Elseworlds) cites 1953 as the year of the marriage. Given James Robinson's connection to both titles, one could consider that date to be canon. Starman Secret Files (4.98)
1953
EARTH-2: Clark Kent marries Lois Lane. On their wedding night, Lois discovers that Clark is Superman. Clark shortly recovers his memories and reclaims his Superman identity. He and Lois renew their vows in Superman's mountain retreat. Action #484 (6.78)
Robotman becomes trapped in a collapsed mine. He remains in suspended animation for decades. NOTE: His last appearance in Star-Spangled Comics was #82. JSA Sourcebook (2001)
The Shadower kills Dr. Mid-Nite's girlfriend, Myra Mason. JSA3 #40 (11.02)
In opposition to Mr. Terrific, the Spectre banishes the Spirit King, Roger Romaine, to Hell. JSA3 #60 (6.04)
While in pursuit of Carver City crime boss Alvyn Lashky Robotman becomes trapped in a mine boby trapped to collapse by Lashky. He remains in suspended animation for decades. NOTE: His last Golden Age appearance was Star-Spangled Comics #82. DC Comics Presents #31 (3.81)
Dinah Drake marries Larry Lance. Secret Origins #50 (8.90)
1954
Johnny Thunder regains control of his Thunderbolt and brings democracy to Badhnesia. Superman Family #204 (12.80-1.81)
The Harlequin, having deduced Green Lantern's true identity, makes one last romantic appeal to him. When he rebuffs her again, she disappears from his life and does not see him again for more than 30 years. Green Lantern 80-Page Giant #1 (12.98)
The Shade and Bobo Bennetti surreptitiously help Starman and the Jester defeat the Fiddler, the Gambler, and the Icicle. NOTE: The Jester, a former Quality character, first appeared in Smash Comics #22 (1941). Starman v.2 #46 (9.98)
1956
The Fiddler, the Shade, and the Thinker shift Keystone City into another dimension, creating a hypnotic illusion that prevents outsiders from noticing the city's absence. They place its inhabitants (including the Flash) in suspended animation so that they can prey on them at will. NOTE: The date of this event was established by Flash Secret Files #1 (1997). Secret Origins #50 (8.90)
The Dawn of the Silver Age
1960s
After Green Lantern is badly wounded in a battle with the Reaper (first chronological appearance), the JSA emerges from retirement to avenge him. The Reaper flees Gotham for Europe in his civilian identity of Judson Caspian. NOTES: The Reaper first appeared in Detective Comics #575 (1987). Some portions of that storyline are no longer in continuity; the Reaper may never have existed in post-Zero Hour continuity. Secret Origins #50 (8.90)
Arn Munro marries Sandra Knight (Phantom Lady). Damage #6 (9.94)
Arn Munro and Sandra Knight have a child, who is kidnapped by agents of Vandal Savage shortly after his birth. Their child is never seen again. Damage #11 (3.95)
Dr. Fate and Hourman join forces to defeat Solomon Grundy, who has transformed the original Green Lantern into a monster. NOTE: First Silver Age app. of Solomon Grundy. Solomon Grundy is said to have been created by the "radioactive waters" of Slaughter Swamp, which transform Green Lantern into a similar monster. This is contradicted by later accounts that describe Grundy as a failed plant elemental similar to the Swamp Thing. This story was reprinted in Brave & the Bold #115 (1974). Showcase #55 (3-4.65)
Dr. Fate and Hourman battle Psycho-Pirate II. Hourman reveals his secret identity to his girlfriend, actress Wendi Harris. Rex and Wendi are married sometime afterward. Showcase #56 (5-6.65)
Jonathan Law publishes Altered Egos, an account of wartime mystery men. ??
Phantom Lady disappears while on a mission for the covert government Argent. Though Munro later discovers she is alive, they two are never reunited. NOTE: Argent and its leader, Control, first appeared in G.I. Combat #192 (7.76). Damage #11 (3.95)
35 Years Ago
J'onn J'onzz is transported to Earth by Dr. Erdel and becomes the Martian Manhunter. NOTES: The date was established by the Zero Hour timeline; in pre-Zero Hour history, he arrived on Earth in 1955. The Martian Manhunter is often considered the first Silver Age superhero. Detective #225 (11.55)
While investigating an alien conspiracy, J'onn J'onzz encounters Charles McNider (Dr. Mid-Nite), who reveals that he now works with the FBI in identifying metahumans. NOTES: This story originally took place in late 1959; it was placed here to be consistent with the Zero Hour timeline. According to issue #2, within the DC universe, the JSA's adventures continued in All-Star Comics for several years after their retirement. Martian Manhunter: American Secrets #2-3 (1992)
The birthing matrix containing Kal-El of Krypton lands outside Smallville, Kansas. Kal-El is adopted by Jonathan and Martha Kent, who name him Clark. NOTE: The date was established by Superman Secret Files #1. Man of Steel #1 (6.86)
Black Canary emerges from retirement and teams up with Starman to battle the Mist (1st Silver Age app.). They soon begin an extramarital affair. NOTE: Black Canary and Starman's affair was revealed in Starman Annual #2. Brave & Bold #61 (8-9.65), Starman v.2 Annual #2 (1997)
With the help of Wildcat, Black Canary and Starman defeat the Huntress and Sportsmaster. NOTE: 1st Silver Age app. of these villains and Wildcat. Reprinted in the JSA 100-Page Super Spectacular. Brave & Bold #62 (10-11.65)
Black Canary and Starman agree to stop working together after a criminal nearly exposes their affair. Ted Knight learns that his wife is pregnant with their first child. NOTE: This story says that Black Canary's daughter was already a year old at this time, which is inconsistent with the more recent JLA: Year One, which indicates that the younger Black Canary was 19 when the JLA formed. Starman v.2 Annual #2 (1997)
Jim Corrigan recovers his memory and resumes his role as the Spectre. Showcase #60 (1-2.66)
1967: Wildcat loses the first of his nine lives in battle with Solomon Grundy. JSA3 #53 (12.03)
34 Years Ago
Ted Knight's son David (Starman VI) is born in Opal City. Starman Secret Files #1 (4.98)
31 Years Ago
Dinah Laurel Lance (Black Canary II) is born to Dinah Drake and Larry Lance. Dinah's "canary cry" does not develop until late adolescence. NOTES: Date based on JLA: Year One #1, which says she was 19 at the JLA's formation (12 years ago). This contradicts Starman Annual #2, which says Dinah was born a year before David Knight (35 years ago). Dinah's pre-Crisis origin was told in Justice League of America #220, the post-Crisis version in Secret Origins #50. JLofA #220 (11.83), Secret Origins #50 (8.90), JLA: Year One #1 (1.98); Batman: Shadow of the Bat #36 (3.95)
Rex and Wendi Tyler's son Rick (Hourman II) is born. NOTE: Hourman #23? notes that Rick was a newborn in 1969. This suggests that the writers consider him about 31-32 years old (older than the rest of Infinity, Inc.). Hourman #24 (3.01), Infinity Inc. #27 (6.86)
30 Years Ago
The Spectre's former partner, Percival Poplaski, dies alone and unmourned in New York City. Spectre v.3 #24 (12.94)
Ted Knight's son Jack (Starman VII) is born in Opal City. Starman Secret Files #1 (4.98)
Several groups of amateur heroes inspired by the JSA appear around the country, including Gotham City's Justice Experience. Chase #6 (7.98)
Ted Grant retires from boxing as the undefeated heavyweight champion of the world. DCU Heroes Secret Files #1 (2.99)
The Spectre helps Wildcat defeat the mystically possessed "Happy" Jack Dold. NOTE: This story was drawn by Neal Adams. Spectre v.1 #3 (4.68)
27 Years Ago
Hector Hall (Silver Scarab/Dr. Fate IV) is born to Carter and Shiera Hall in Cairo, Egypt. NOTE: Infinity Inc. #9 gave Hector's birth date as November 14, 1963, which was translated into DC's "XX Years Ago" standard based on the date of Infinity, Inc. #9, which was "Seven Years Ago" on the current timeline. Infinity Inc. #9 (6.86)
Birth of Albert Rothstein, the grandson of Terry Curtis (Cyclotron). The Atom becomes his godfather. Infinity Inc. #27) (6.86)
Helena Kosmatos (Fury I) entrusts her newborn daughter, daughter, Hippolyta "Lyta" Trevor (Fury II), to Joan Dale (Miss America) and Derek Trevor, who agree to raise the girl as their own daughter and never reveal that Helena is the baby's real mother. NOTES: The identity of Lyta Hall's biological father (perhaps Iron Munro or Alcmaeon) have never been revealed. Lyta Trevor's pre-Crisis debut was in Wonder Woman #300. Her post-Crisis history was revealed in Infinity, Inc. #48. Wonder Woman v.1 #300 (2.83), Infinity Inc. #48 (3.88)
Merry Pemberton marries Henry King (Brain Wave). They have a son, Henry King, Jr. (Brainwave Jr.). Infinity Inc. #3 (6.84)
25 Years Ago
Members of the Justice Experience, including the Acro-Bat (the father of Cameron Chase), are murdered by Dr. Trap, who is apprehended by the JSA. Another member, the Bronze Wraith, was in fact J'onn J'onzz. NOTES: The date was established by DCU Heroes Secret Files #1 (1999). The Flash is erroneously depicted with the JSA; he was trapped in Keystone City at this time. Chase #6 (7.98), Martian Manhunter v.3 #17 (4.00)
Gotham City socialites Thomas and Martha Wayne are murdered by a mugger, leaving their young son Bruce an orphan. Batman Secret files #1 (11.97)
Hourman arrests James McIntyre, Sr., henchman of Dr. Cobalt and father of the hero Triumph. Triumph #1 (6.95)
Hourman counsels the young Billy McIntyre, Jr., who decides to one day become a hero. Triumph #3 (8.95)
Rose Canton, her split personality now under control, returns to the outside world and adopts the alias "Alyx Florin." She falls in love with Alan Scott and the two are married. On their wedding night, she accidentally starts a fire in their hotel suite and flees, leaving Alan to believe that she was killed. Her Thorn personality reemerges. INF Annual #1 (1985)
24 Years Ago
In Milwaukee, Wisconsin, Rose Canton/Alyx Florin gives birth to twins, a boy and a girl. The children are both put up for adoption. The girl is adopted by Julian and Myrna Hayden and raised as Jennifer-Lynn Hayden (Jade); the boy is adopted by Jim and Shirley Rice and raised as Todd James Rice (Obsidian). While growing up, neither knows the identity of their real parents. NOTES: Infinity, Inc. #5 and #6 originally gave their birth date as July 20, 1966. JSA Secret Files #1 incorrectly lists Obsidian's mother as Rose Forrest (the modern Thorn), who has no relationship to the Golden Age Thorn or to Jade and Obsidian. Infinity Inc. #5-6 (8-9.84)
Jesse Chambers, the daughter of Johnny Chambers (Johnny Quick) and Libby Lawrence (Liberty Belle), is born in Queens, New York. She inherits both her mother's unusual strength and her father's super-speed and power of flight, but not her mother's sonic powers. NOTE: Date estimated based on Jesse's apparent age at the time of her debut. *
22 Years Ago
Mikaal Tomas of Talok III becomes Starman III. He prevents his race from invading the Earth, and later settles in Opal City after his home planet is destroyed. He becomes a drug addict and disappears for many years. First Issue Special #12 (3.76), Starman v.2 #28 (3.97)
21 Years Ago

Wildcat saves Marilyn Bronson from the Gambler and they have a one night stand. He discovers that she is also a were-cat, and she helps Ted fight the Huntress. Charles McNider gives Marilyn a drug to help curb her transformations. Ted abandons her "for her own good," never knowing she is pregnant. She gives birth to Tom Bronson, who inherits her power.

JSofA v.3 #1-2 (2-3.07), JSofA 80-Page Giant #1 (1.10)
19 Years Ago
Kendra Saunders, granddaughter of Cyril "Speed" Saunders and grandniece of Shiera (Hawkgirl) Sanders, is born. JSA Secret Files #1 (8.99)
Dr. Anatol Mykros, head of the council, uses in vitro fertilization to produce twin daughters, Soseh and Ellina, who are gifted with regeneration abilities and the power of "eidetic kinesthesia," enabling them to mimic any physical skill. The girls are trained to lead the Council's armies, but Soseh eventually turns against her father's organization, dubbing herself Nemesis (II). JSA3 Annual #1 (10.00)
17 Years Ago
Vandal Savage's company Symbolix uses the newborn son of Al and Mary Pratt to test a process for transferring the metagene from one human to another. Mary Pratt dies and the boy is raised by two Symbolix employees, who name him Grant Emerson. Al Pratt believes that his son died at birth. Damage #2 (5.94)
Bruce Wayne begins a worldwide odyssey to develop the skills he will need to fight crime. Batrman Secret Files #1 (11.97)
At different times, Ted Grant trains Dinah Lance, Yolanda Montez (Wildcat II), and Bruce Wayne in the pugilistic arts. Secret Origins #50 (8.90), JLA2 #31 (6.99)
16 Years Ago
14-year-old Dinah Lance begins learning detective skills from her father. She accompanies him on a case where they help a theif reform. The theif names her son, LL Hibbs, after Larry Lance. NOTE: Age based on clues in the story. LL Hibbs dies at age 14 in this story. Batman: Shadow of the Bat #36 (3.95)
15 Years Ago
Al Pratt reveals to his 12 year-old godson Al Rothstein that he is secretly the Atom. Infinity Inc. #48 (3.88)
JSA brats Hector Hall, Lyta Trevor, Al Rothstein, and Rick Tyler meet for the first time (they're all about 12 years old). NOTE: The Star-Spangled Kid is erroneously depicted as a JSA member in this story; he was trapped in the past at this time. Infinity Inc. #27 (6.86)
14 Years Ago
Al Rothstein and Hector Hall join Lyta Trevor and her parents for a vacation on their private Pacific Ocean retreat, Trevor Island. Lyta's adoptive father, Derek Trevor, teaches Al how to fly. Infinity Inc. #48 (3.88)

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