Each member hailed from a country allied
with the U.S. during World War II:
Fireball (Sonya Chuikov) was from Russia. She was born to a pair of Soviet scientists in 1922. In 1908, they had investigated the mysterious Tunguska fireball that struck central
Siberia, and apparently their exposure to its aftermath had a mutagenic effect on Sonya. Soon after she was born, her wrists burst
into a cool, non-burning flame. the flame could heat up and cover her entire
body at times when she became angry or upset. As she grew, she learned to
control the fire, being able to hurl firebolts and fly for short distances.
Josef Stalin made her a ward of the state, and she was drawn into the War
when her village was attacked by Nazi planes. Her family was killed and she
almost died herself, from wounds she received while destroying some of the
(real name unrevealed) was a Chinese hero born in 1922,
in Shanghai. He learned English at university and then became
a soldier. When his entire regiment was slaughtered by enemy troops, he was
injured so severely that he threw himself into a nearby river to escape the
pain by drowning himself. As he was dying, he saw a Japanese soldier peering
down from the edge of the water, and he instinctively reached out to save
himself. He grasped the soldier with the hand of a demon, and killed him.
He had become a "kuei," which was, according to Chinese legend, the soul of
someone who drowned or tried to commit suicide and cannot attain a further
incarnation. Such a person would instead walk the Earth as a powerful and
(Jean-Marc de Villars) was a Frenchman descended from an earth elemental
and a human man. He could pass through solid objects and was immune
to objects like common metals, which come from the earth. Though he
has not appeared since 1942, his postwar activities have been hinted
Titans Spotlight #11). NOTE: This character
was Thomas' homage to writers Randy and Jean-Marc Lofficier. "De
Villars" is the name of a Catholic priest, the author of Comte de Gabalis.
The Squire (Percy Sheldrake) was the English apprentice of the
Shining Knight. After the War, Sheldrake took the code name of The Knight,
and his son Cyril became the second Squire. In the 1950s, he was
among the founders of the Dome. (Infinity,
Inc. #34) Percy was
ultimately killed by his arch-enemy, Springheeled Jack. Cyril succeeded
him afterward, as the Knight II, but
it's been mentioned that he too spent some time in a coma, perhaps from
the same attack. The Knight shares a camaraderie with Batman; he is referred
to as the "English
his helmet is modeled after Batman's cowl. The new Squire (III) is
Beryl Hutchinson, a young girl talented with all forms of communication. (JLA
Kuei's monstrous appearance led American police to attack him as he deplaned at their first War Bond Rally. Luckily, the Young All-Stars were on hand to calm things down. The young heores were unable to
stop Axis Amerika's Kamikaze and Sea Wolf from kidnapping three scientists (including Werner Heisenberg) from Le Conte
Meanwhile, Fireball accompanied Iron Munro to New York City's Columbia University, where
they were attacked by Übermensch and Gudra. She
was left for dead but returned to the All-Star Squadron's Perisphere for help. She and the
Atom set out to rescue Munro and some scientists from a hidden laboratory in Kansas. There, the scientists had been put by Baron Blitzkrieg into a strange apparatus that would harness their
intellects and detonate a plutonium device. With much effort, the Young All-Stars and Allies managed to drive off Axis Amerika, free the scientists, and avert disaster.
The War Bond Drive was cancelled after those events, and the Allies returned
to her homelands.
The Squire was the only hero to be featured in any capacity after this story.
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Squire:Batman #62
(January 1951). Others: Young All-Stars #22 (January 1989).
In the heyday of the ancient Greeks, circa 1200 BCE, the Greek goddesses Aphrodite,
Athena, Artemis, Hestia, and Demeter created a new, all-female race of Amazons.
This race was populated by women who'd died unjustly. Their souls were stored
by these goddesses in the Well of Souls, awaiting a new home.
Queen Hippolyta, they began wandering the ancient world, where they
met with Zeus' son, Heracles. Heracles tricked and betrayed the Queen
then humiliated her. After Hippolyta staged a revolt and free her
sisters, the goddesses transported the Amazons to the island
of Themyscira (also known as Paradise Island), where they would have no further
contact with "Man's
more than 3,000 years. While on Themyscira, the Amazons were granted the gift
of immortality. (Wonder
Woman v.2 #1)
Three-thousand years ago, the two Amazon
Queens (Hippolyta and Antiope) split the Amazon nation in two. Hippolyta's
tribe traveled to the isolated island of Themyscira to live immortal lives
and protect the doorway to the Underworld called Doom's Doorway. Antiope's
tribe was never given immortality and was forced to mate with common men in
order to guarantee their tribe's survival. They migrated from Greece to various
European and Middle Eastern countries before finally settling in Egypt.
When they split from their sisters, Antiope's tribe renounced
the Olympian gods and they began worshipping the goddesses of other religions
from where they traveled. It was in Egypt that
they finally built the city of Bana-Mighdall, which in their language
translates to "The Temple of Women." Like their forebears, these new patron
goddesses also hid their Amazon worshippers by creating
a permanent sandstorm to surround and protect their city from outsiders.
In the 20th century the Amazon Princess, Diana of Themyscira (Wonder
Woman), accidentally found the city of Bana-Mighdall while searching for the
villain the Cheetah. A battle took place between her and the Bana-Mighdallian's
chief warrior or Shim'Tar. The Olympian god Hermes was in love
with Diana and was enraged by the battle. He took vengeance
on the desert Amazons for attacking his beloved and the city of Bana-Mighdall
was destroyed. It was decided by the remaining Amazons that since the Themyscirian
princess was the initial cause of their city being destroyed, they would
take over her Amazon city instead.
During the attack on Themyscira, the witch Circe attempted to destroy
both tribes by teleporting the island into a dimension of demons. The two
tribes ceased their war and worked together to return Paradise Island to Earth.
Afterwards, the Amazons of Bana-Mighdall
helped rebuild Themyscira and also began building a city of their own, on the
harshest part of the island. They christened the city Bana-Mighdall in honor
of their former city in Egypt.
Peace was short-lived and a civil war broke out between the
two tribes. The Egyptians newest Shim'Tar, Artemis, joined Wonder
Woman in guiding both tribes to peaceful negotiations.
Queen Hippolyta and Princess Diana eventually renounced their crowns, thus ending the war and leaving the island without a structured government. It was later decided that General Phillipus of the Themysciran Royal Guard and Artemis would be co-rulers of the island.
Ready to put the past behind them, Artemis and the Themyscirian General Philippus were voted to be co-rulers of the new island. Desiring an end to tribal separation, only one city was built on the remains of the islands in which both groups of Amazons lived together under two rulers. The term Bana-Mighdall now refers either to the past Amazon cities or to a particular type of Amazon.
During the war between Imperiex and Brainiac 13, the island of Themyscira was destroyed and Hippolyta sacrificed her life. This island was a newly-restored place, created
with a combination of Diana's Wonderdome technology and the blessings of both
Amazon nations' respective goddesses, under the title of Supreme Grand Chancellor. For a time, this collection of floating cities thrived and served as the world's cultural and intellectual meeting grounds. The heroine Harbinger was invited to serve as the Amazons' historian. But this new kind of Themyscira was never fated to succeed. It was toppled by Hera herself when the goddess was angered by Zues' affections for ??. The new city was largely destroyed; what remained floated once again in the waters of the Caribbean.
Diana herself unwittingly drove the final nail in Themyscria's coffin. When the princess killed Maxwell Lord (#219), Lord's deadly minions, the OMACs, turned their attentions to Themyscira. The Amazons
mobilized for war with the OMACS, and with the United States Navy, which also stood off its shores. Phillipus ordered Io to build their ultimate weapon: the Purple Death Ray. (#222)
Diana was soon on her way to their aid. Though Artemis managed to construct a force field around the island, the OMACs continued to pummel Diana as Artemis readied the Amazons to deploy
the Death Ray. (#223) Io finished the weapon with the help of Hephaestus.
As the OMACs broke through the Amazons' shield, they unleashed the Ray,
killing hundreds and halting the onslaught. When Diana brought her outrage to Io over employing the
Ray, Io accused Diana of failing in her mission. When the OMACs geared up for
another attack, Diana realized that the only solution was to remove the Amazons completely. She believed that in light of her own recent notoriety, the Amazons would never be left in peace by the rest of the world. Diana bade her sisters to leave Earth instead and live in peace. They agreed and the gods removed Themyscira from Earth completely. Diana was left alone. (#224)
In most pre-Crisis accounts, Paradise Island was created by Aphrodite
alone. The queen's name was originally spelled "Hippolyte." Several
other Amazons tribes were mentioned in Wonder Woman:
The Once and Future Story (1998) — one other tribe of Greek Amazons,
one from Ireland, and one from Central Asia. Yet another tribe of Amazons existed
before recorded history and worked with Harpies, and were banished from our
dimension (Green Lantern/Green Arrow #82, 3.71).
The Aryan Nation was a white supremacist organization that created a designer
virus which would attack and destroy "nonwhite" DNA in humans. They
were secretly led by U.S. Senator Sanders Hotchkins. When several noted
chemists began disappearing, they drew the FBI's attention. The FBI contacted
Hannibal Martin, the Justice League's Task Force liaison, and the Martian Manhunter
assembled a covert team to infiltrate the terrorists.
While undercover, Hourman (Rex Tyler) was forced to use his powers and drew
the attention of the Nation's Aryan Brigade. This Brigade was composed
of five metahumans:
Backlash, whose arms were elastic tentacles
Blind Faith, like her name, a blind telepath
Golden Eagle II,
equipped with mechanical wings
Heatmonger, a woman who wielded intense heat
Iron Cross (deceased), the towering powerhouse
Thanks to Blind Faith's mental powers, this Brigade was able to uncover and
surprise the Task Force. They captured all but Hourman, who returned to free
them. In the meantime, the Nation had readied its virus for delivery into the
atmosphere. J'onn followed the rocket and forced it to detonate in space. All
members of the organization were subsequently arrested. (Justice
League Task Force #10)
Following this, the Brigade members were recruited by the Overmaster to be
part of his new Cadre. They labored, if at all,
in obscurity until Amanda Waller rounded Earth's villains up and shipped them
off to a prison planet in space. There, Iron Cross was killed by his fellow
villains. (Salvation Run #3) His death was sensed
by Blind Faith back on Earth. (JLofA
Backlash reformed the Brigade with Johnny Reb, Bonehead and
They were quickly put down by the Freedom
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Justice
League Task Force #10 (March 1994).
» FEATURED APPEARANCES: Justice
League America #89-90 Justice
League International v.2 #65 Justice League Task Force #10-14
• Freedom Fighters v.2 #1
The Atom Project is not a team per se, but a front for the operations
of U.S. General Wade Eiling. His projects included the Captain Atom Project,
the Major Force Project and Project Silver Shield. The Atom Project was created
to study the metal from the hull of a mysterious alien craft of unknown origin
(which later turned out to be an extraterrestrial and called itself Silver Shield).
After two failures in the late 60's, the project was shut down. In 1986, the
project was reopened when one of the supposed failures, Captain Nathaniel Adam,
reappeared from the "quantum field." Since then the project has been
reopened. It is unclear what the final fate of the Atom Project has become.
It was last seen in Captain Atom #50, but may still exist under another
name. Eiling himself became power-mad and transferred his brain into the body
of the Shaggy Man. His operatives broke from him and formed the Ultramarines.
(JLA #24-26) Later, he participated in Lex Luthor's
Injustice Gang.(JLA #34)
Major Force, Captain Atom's primary rival, has been killed then resurrected
several times. He was first killed in Green Lantern v.3 #60. The next
Major Force was a clone created by the Quorum from a combination of Major
Force's and Guy's Vuldarian DNA. Guy killed that clone. (Guy
Gardner: Warrior #43-44) Later, another Major Force was brought back
to life by the powers of Resurrection Man (Resurrection
He was again killed by Katana's blade. (Superman/Batman
#4) Neither he nor Captain Atom actually has the power to resurrect
themselves, but they are made of energy, which cannot be destroyed. He reappeared in the service of another government agency, S.H.A.D.E., (Crisis Aftermath: The Battle for Bludhaven #2) and this time was destroyed by Captain Atom himself. (#6)
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Captain
Atom #1 (March 1987)
Member (Real Name)
General Wade Eiling,
Head of the Project (The General)
Active in villainy as the General
Heinrich Megala, Chief Scientist
Deceased as of
Captain Atom #50
Captain Atom (Nathaniel
Adam, Cameron Scott)
Active as the villain, Monarch
Babylon (Robert Long),
Lt. Douglas Eliot
Major Harry Hadley, former chief scientist
Deceased Captain Atom #11
Capt. Martin Allard
Uncertain (now a metahuman named Ironside)
Sgt. Jeffrey "Gos" Goslin
Captain Atom #2
Theresa Delgado Eiling, creative consultant
Captain Atom #3
Martin Lockleed, owner of an aeronautics
Captain Atom #4
Deceased Captain Atom #23
Spectro (Thomas Emery)
Major Force (Clifford Zmeck)
Captain Atom Annual #1
Killed and resurrected repeatedly; last revived Action #882
Captain Atom #46
Col. Keith Uber
Resigned as of Captain Atom #48.
deep cover operative
first mentioned Captain
Cpl. Gilbert Traynor
Adapted from Who's Who Update '87 #1
Axis Amerika was a team of costumed agents who engaged in subversive activities
in the United States during World War II
on behalf of the Axis powers (Nazi Germany, fascist Italy ,and imperial Japan).
Their principal adversaries were the All-Star
Squadron, a wartime group of American costumed adventurers.
Adolf Hitler, leader of Nazi Germany, conceived the idea of Axis Amerika,
and it was intended that the team would include members from each of the three
Axis powers. Axis Amerika's first known mission was to strike at American morale
by assassinating American "mystery-men." Gudra succeeded in
capturing the soul of one such hero, T.N.T. Soon however, Tsunami, who
was intended to be Japan's representative in Axis Amerika, changed sides and
became a member of the All-Star Squadron (Young All-Stars #1-3).
Japan soon replaced Tsunami with Kamikaze(#5).
In the grueling battle that followed, the Fledermaus was killed by Fury's
while she was possessed by the god, Tisiphone. (#6) Though
the villains were defeated, they returned once again. (#22-25) This
time the All-Stars were aided by a similar group of international good guys:
the Allies (Fireball, Kuei, Phantasmo, and the Squire).
Their postwar history is unknown.
As of April 1942, the membership of Axis Amerika consisted of the following
The team's leader was Übermensch, whose name translates into
English as "Overman (Superman)." Übermensch possessed superhuman
strength and speed, though he was by no means as fast as the Flash or Johnny
Quick. Übermensch could leap about one-eighth of a mile in a single
jump, and his skin was impervious to small arms fire; it would take a bursting
shell to penetrate his skin.
Der Grösshorn Eule (Batman, German for "horned owl")
partnered with his own son, Fledermaus (Robin, German for "bat").
The Horned Owl and Fledermaus had no superhuman powers, but were highly trained
athletes and superb hand-to-hand combatants. They swung from ropes and carried
small weaponry in their costumes.
Gudra was a true Valkyrie of Norse folklore, brought to Earth by
Hitler and the mystical Spear of Destiny. She possessed superhuman strength
and rode a winged horse, Stormwind. As a Valkyrie she has the power to remove
the soul from a dead person's body. (The Valkyries of Norse legend were "choosers of the slain," who brought the souls of heroic warriors
slain in battle to the other-dimensional realm of Valhalla.) Gudra carried
a shield and was a master swordsman. The touch of her lance could killand
did; she slayed the Tigress (YAS #23).
The Sea Wolf was a werewolf who could breathe underwater. The Sea
Wolf could survive out of water for an unspecified period of time. He possessed
superhuman strength, and possibly other unrevealed powers. A second Sea
Wolf (Lawrence Huff) battled Aquaman. His connection, if any, is unknown. (Aquaman
Except for Gudra, all of the above members were humans trained by Nazi Germany.
Übermensch and Sea Wolf were given their superpowers by Nazi scientists.
Usil, from Italy, was a brilliant archer who employed specially
Kamikaze, from Japan, possessed the power of great speed in flight.
team was created by Roy Thomas as his way of illustrating the "cosmic re-balancing" in
the wake of the Crisis. In his reasoning, the absence of the Golden Age Superman,
Wonder Woman, Batman, Robin, Green Arrow and Aquaman manifested the members
of Axis Amerika. Axis Amerika could also be thought of as counterparts to the
pre-Crisis Crime Syndicate of America. Gudra was among the Justice Society's very first foes (DC Special #29).
» FIRST APPEARANCE: Gudra (unnamed): DC Special #29. Team: Young All-Stars #1 (June 1987). Kamikaze: Young All-Stars #5.
» FEATURED APPEARANCES:
Young All-Stars #1-3, 5-6, 22-25
The Modern-Day Axis
The modern team called "Axis America" was brought together by a power
broker named Manson and his organization, the Clockwatchers. Axis
were disguised behind a commune called Safe Haven which was run by a married
couple named Shepherd and Vela. Manson decided to activate the
Axis in response to the defection of one of his prized operative: Faith,
who had left his service and joined the JLA. Safe Haven was used as the catalyst
to draw the JLA in for destruction (and to coerce Faith into returning to Manson).
Manson used Axis America to rig a false explosion and gave the illusion that
Safe Haven had been recklessly destroyed by the JLA. Then Manson used a "mnemonic
conjurer" called the Mouth to make the JLA members believe
in their guilt. Meanwhile, the remaining JLA member engaged in combat with Axis,
who were led by Shepherd (now Übermensch II).
His wife took the name Hel, and they were joined by Great White, Zaladin
and Fleshburn. (JLA #81-82) Unlike their
predecessors, this team appeared to be American natives, but held the Nazi ideals
of "purity, cleanliness and order"
Übermensch possesses great strength and invulnerability
Hel is a winged warrior with a sword, much in the manner of a Norse Valkyrie
Great White carries an energized bull whip
Zaladin is a scimitar-weilding mystic who serves the gods of ancient Mesopotamia.
Fleshburn creates fire and appears with a flaming skull